Arcishmati, Arciṣmatī, Arciṣmati: 8 definitions



Arcishmati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Arciṣmatī and Arciṣmati can be transliterated into English as Arcismati or Arcishmati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Archishmati.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Arcishmati in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Arciṣmatī (अर्चिष्मती).—The fourth daughter of Maharṣi Aṅgiras. (Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 216, Verse 6).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Arciṣmatī (अर्चिष्मती).—A daughter of Sāraṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 168; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 166.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Arciṣmatī (अर्चिष्मती) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Arciṣmatī).

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Arciṣmatī (अर्चिष्मती) or Arciṣmatībhūmi refers to one of twelve Bhūmi Goddesses, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is green; her Symbol is a blue lotus; she has two arms.

Arciṣmatī is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Arciṣmatī is of the colour of an emerald and holds in her left hand the blue lotus”.

[These twelve bhūmis [viz., Arciṣmatī] are two-armed and hold in the right hand the vajra and in the left their own weapons or signs.]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Arcishmati in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Arciṣmati (अर्चिष्मति) or Arciṣmatibhūmi refers to the “bhūmi of fiery prajñā” and represents one of the ten Bodhisattva grounds (bodhisattabhūmi), according to the Daśabhūmikasūtra, or Daśabhūmīśvara, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.—The Bodhisattva-mahāsattva in the fourth bhūmi (arciṣmati) should take up the ten dharmas and never give them up.

What are these ten?

  1. Never giving up living in the forest.
  2. Little desire.
  3. Satsifaction.
  4. Not neglecting the ascetic rules.
  5. The non-abandoning of the moral dictates.
  6. Disgust for the [five] objects of desire.
  7. [Lokanirvedacittotpādaḥ]
  8. The rejection of “everything exists”. Not holding either inner dharmas or outer dhrmas.
  9. The mind without dullness.
  10. Disdain for everything.
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Arcishmati in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Arciṣmatī (अर्चिष्मती, “radiant”) or Arciṣmatībhūmi refers to the fourth of the “ten stages of the Bodhisattva” (bhūmi) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 64). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., arciṣmatī). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D. Arciṣmatī is also included in the “thirteen stages of the Bodhisattva” (trayodaśa-bhūmi).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arcishmati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Arciṣmatī (अर्चिष्मती).—name of the 4th (bodhisattva-) bhūmi: Daśabhūmikasūtra 5.8 etc.; Mahāvyutpatti 889; Dharmasaṃgraha 64; Bodhisattvabhūmi 341.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arciṣmatī (अर्चिष्मती):—[=arciṣ-matī] [from arciṣ-mat > arcis > arc] f. one of the ten stages (through which a Bodhisattva must rise before becoming a Buddha), [Buddhist literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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