Arcana, Arcanā: 21 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Arcana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Archana.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Arcana (अर्चन).—The procedures followed for worshiping the arcā-vigraha, the Deity in the temple; engaging all the senses in the service of the Lord.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Arcana (अर्चन) refers to “worship”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Arcana (अर्चन) refers to:—Deity worship; one of the nine primary processes of devotional service. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Arcana (अर्चन) refers to “deity worship” according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—The worship of the neophyte devotee is arcana, and the worship of the elevated devotee is bhajana—When, in accordance with the guidelines of the Pañcarātra one reverentially performs worship of the deity with various articles, it is called arcana. [...] In the process of arcana, Bhagavān’s holy name always remains the prime factor. Kīrtana of the holy name of the Lord is the life and soul of arcana. Deity worship that is devoid of śrī nāma-saṅkīrtana does not yield any result.

Arcana is classified under three categories—vaidika (that which is prescribed in the Vedas), tāntrika (that which is taught in the Tantras) and miśra (mixed). The altar or sacrificial arena, fire, the sun, water and the heart are the foundation of arcana.

Generally, there are five limbs of arcana. This is also known as pañcāṅga-viṣṇu-yajña (fivefold sacrifice performed for the pleasure of Śrī Viṣṇu). The five limbs are:

  1. abhigamana (cleansing the temple of the deity),
  2. upādāna (picking flowers),
  3. yoga (purifying oneself),
  4. svādhyāya (chanting the holy name),
  5. ijyā (serving one’s worshipful deity).

These five limbs of Arcana (pañcāṅga-arcana) are not temporary and mundane but eternal, supremely pure limbs of bhakti that help one attain the lotus feet of Śrī Bhagavān.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Arcana (अर्चन) refers to:—Deity worship. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Arcana (अर्चन) refers to “worshipping (the earth)” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Arcana is mentioned in the Mataṅgapārameśvara (Kriyā-pāda, chap 4), Acintyaviśvasādākhya (chapter 14) and Pūrvakāmika-āgama (chapter 8). The Suprabheda-āgama mentions Samarcana. The Ajita-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 21) mentions Kuṇḍārcana.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Arcana (अर्चन) refers to a classification of pūjā (ritualistic worship) according to the Suprabhedāgama.—The Āgamas have several different classifications of nityapūjā (daily worship), based on the number of offerings, frequency, time duration and so on. The nomenclature also varies between Āgamas. The essence however is similar. Arcana is mentioned in the Suprabhedāgama (7.1) as “the pūjā that offers only the first seven mandatory offerings”. Arcana is also mentioned in the Kāraṇāgama (30.405), Dīptāgama (26.1) and Makuṭāgama (3.32) as “the pūjā that ends with dīpa”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Arcana (अर्चन) refers to “worshipping” and represents one of the nine-fold (navadhā) devotion (bhakti), as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23, as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O Goddess Satī, listen, I shall explain the great principle whereby the remorseful creature becomes a liberated soul (mukta). [...] Devotion (bhakti) to me is considered as the bestower of worldly pleasures and salvation. It is achievable only by my grace. It is nine-fold (navadhā) [viz., arcana]. There is no difference between devotion and perfect knowledge. A person who is engrossed in devotion enjoys perpetual happiness. Perfect knowledge never descends in a vicious person averse to devotion. [...] According to scholars O Goddess, the nine ancillary adjuncts are:—[viz., arcana, ‘worshipping’...]. O Śiva, its further subdivisions too have been explained”.

Arcana (‘worshipping’) detailed explanation: “offering sixteen types of service to me, the supreme soul, in accordance with one’s capacity is called worshipping. The sixteen types of service are Pādya etc.”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arcana (अर्चन).—n (S) arcanā f (S) Worship, homage paid to gods or superiors.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

arcana (अर्चन).—n-f Worship, homage paid to gods.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arcana (अर्चन).—a. [arc-lyuṭ] worshipping, praising.

-nam, -nā Worshipping, reverence or respect paid to deities and superiors.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcana (अर्चन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) An article of worship. nf.

(-naṃ-nā) Worship, the homage paid to deities and to superiors. E. arca to worship, yuc affix, and ṭāp fem. do.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcana (अर्चन).—[arc + ana], n. Worship, Da- śak. in Chr. 181, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcana (अर्चन).—[neuter] arcanā & arcā [feminine] praise, worship.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arcana (अर्चन):—[from arc] mf(ī)n. ifc. honouring, praising, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

2) [v.s. ...] nf. (am, ā) homage paid to deities and to superiors, [Mahābhārata etc.] (cf. vibudhārcana and surārcana).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcanā (अर्चना):—(nā) 1. f. Worship.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arcana (अर्चन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Accaṇa, Accaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arcana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Arcana (अर्चन) [Also spelled archan]:—[[]] (nm), ~[na:] (nf) worship, adoration; ~[nīya] adorable, fit to be worshipped; [arcita] worshipped; adored.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arcana (ಅರ್ಚನ):—[noun] = ಅರ್ಚನೆ - [arcane -] 1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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