Aravan, Arāvan, Aravaṉ, Arāvāṉ, Aṟavaṉ: 7 definitions


Aravan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Arāvan (अरावन्) (lit. “one who is hostile”) is a synonym (another name) for the Horse (Aśva), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arāvan (अरावन्).—a. Ved. Not offering, malignant, epithet of evil spirits. अपघ्नन्तो अराव्णः (apaghnanto arāvṇaḥ) Ṛgveda 9.13.9. यो अस्मभ्यमरावा (yo asmabhyamarāvā) Ṛgveda 9.21.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arāvan (अरावन्).—[adjective] hostile, adverse (lit. not giving).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arāvan (अरावन्):—[=a-rāvan] 1. a-rāvan mfn. ‘not liberal’, envious, hostile, [Ṛg-veda]

2) 2. arāvan m. = arvan, a steed, horse ([Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]; = ara-vat, ‘having spokes or wheels, a cart’, Ludwig. = gamana-vat, ‘moving’, [Sāyaṇa]), [Ṛg-veda vii,68, 7.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Aravan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Aravaṉ (அரவன்) noun < அரவு². [aravu².] Śiva, wearing serpents; சிவபிரான். (உரிச்சொல்நிகண்டு) [sivapiran. (uricholnigandu)]

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Arāvāṉ (அராவான்) noun < Irāvat. Name of the son of Arjuna and Ulūpī, who offered himself as a sacrificial victim on the eve of the Bhārata war; அருச்சுனனுக்கு உலூபியிடம் பிறந்த மகன். [aruchunanukku ulupiyidam pirantha magan.] (மகாபாரதம் அருச்சுனன்றீர். [magaparatham aruchunanrir.] 9.)

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Aṟavaṉ (அறவன்) noun < idem.

1. One who is virtuous; தருமவான். அறவனீ யல்லையோ [tharumavan. aravani yallaiyo] (திருவிளையாடற் புராணம் தண்ணீர்ப். [thiruvilaiyadar puranam thannirp.] 36).

2. God; கடவுள். அறவனை யாழிப் படையந்தணனை [kadavul. aravanai yazhip padaiyanthananai] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருவாய்மொழி [nalayira thivyappirapandam thiruvaymozhi] 1, 7, 1).

3. Buddha; புத்தன். (திவா.) [puthan. (thiva.)]

4. Sage, ascetic; முனிவன். (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [munivan. (sudamaninigandu)]

5. Brāhman; பிராமணன். அறவ ரடிதொடினும் [piramanan. arava radithodinum] (பரிபாடல் [paripadal] 8, 68).

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Aṟavaṉ (அறவன்) noun < அறம். [aram.] One who teaches the doctrines of religion, as of the Jains; அறத்தைக் கூறுவோன். அருக னறவ னறிவோற் கல்லது [arathaig kuruvon. aruga narava narivor kallathu] (சிலப்பதிகாரம் அரும்பதவுரை [silappathigaram arumbathavurai] 10, 202).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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