Amba, aka: Ambā, Aṃbā, Āmba; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Amba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Amba (अम्ब, “mother”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Amba is used in addressing old ladies.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ambā (अम्बा).—Daughter of a King of Kāśī. Ambā and Vicitravīrya. Ambā is an ill-starred character in the story of the Mahābhārata. She had two younger sisters named Ambikā and Ambālikā. Bhīṣma, who had taken a vow to remain a bachelor for life, had once taken Ambā, Ambikā and Ambālikā, the three daughters of the King of Kāśī, to Hastināpura. The circumstances in which this happened, are descried in Devī Bhāgavata, Prathama Skandha as follows: Śantanu, a King of the Candra Vaṃśa, had two wives, Gaṅgā and Satyavatī. Bhīṣma was the son of Gaṅgā and Citrāṅgada and Vicitravīrya were the sons of Satyavatī. Soon after Bhīṣma’s birth, Gaṅgā vanished. After a long period of reign, Śantanu also died. Satyavatī and the three sons were left behind in the palace. According to a vow he had taken long ago, Bhīṣma, instead of succeeding to his father’s throne, left it to his brother Citrāṅgada. Once Citrāṅgada went for hunting in the forest. There he came across a Gandharva named Citrāṅgada. The Gandharva did not like another man with his own name to be living in this world. So he killed the king. After that Vicitravīrya became king. Bhīṣma had to take up the task of arranging a suitable marriage for Vicitravīrya. (See full article at Story of Ambā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Aṃbā (अंबा).—A daughter of the king of Kāśī noted for her beauty: and a queen of Vicitravīrya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 60. 47; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 36.

1b) The saviour of the world, with her Puruṣa Sadāśiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 33; 19. 81; 33. 17.

1c) The queen of Varṣa-ṛtu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 29.

2) Āmba (आम्ब).—A son of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 29.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ambā (अम्बा).—The Siddhas and their sons are referred to as -nāthas (e.g. Macchandanātha, Guḍikānātha) and the consorts as -ambās (e.g. Koṅkaṇāmbā/Kuṅkaṇāmbā, Illāī-ambā).

Source: Nirvāṇa Sundarī: A Note on Kula and Kaula Tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Amba was the eldest of the three princesses of Kashi, her younger sisters were Ambika and Ambalika. She had chosen Shalwa, the King of the Saubha kingdom, to be her husband and was planning to chose him publicly in the Swayamvara (self-choice ceremony). However, her plans got derailed, as Bhishma abducted her along with her two sisters, intending them as brides for his brother Vichitraveerya.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Ambā (अम्‍बा), Ambikā (अम्‍बिका), Ambālikā (अम्‍बालिका): The three daughters of King of Benares, Eldest daughter Ambā was in love with King Shālwa

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Amba (अम्ब).—The ambas are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adholoka (lower world) according to Jaina cosmology. Adholoka is made up of seven regions and offers residence to the infernal beings existing within these lands.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

amba : (m.) mango tree. (nt.), mango fruit. || ambā (f.), mother.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Amba, (Derivation unknown. Not found in pre-Buddhist literature. The Sk. is āmra. Probably non-Aryan), the Mango tree, Mangifera Indica D.I, 46, 53, 235; J.II, 105, 160; Vv 7910; Pug.45; Miln.46; PvA.153, 187.

—aṭṭhi the kernel or stone of the m. fruit DhA.III, 207, 208. —ārāma a garden of mangoes, mango grove Vv 795; VvA.305. —kañjika mango gruel Vv 3337 (= ambilakañjika VvA.147). —pakka a (ripe) mango fruit J.II, 104, 394; DhA.III, 207. —panta a border of mango trees VvA.198. —pānaka a drink made from mangoes DhA.III, 207. —piṇḍi a bunch of mangoes J.III, 53; DhA.III, 207. —pesikā the peel, rind, of the m. fruit Vin.II, 109. —potaka a mango sprout DhA.III, 206 sq. —phala a m. fruit PvA.273, 274. —rukkha a m. tree DhA.III, 207; VvA.198. —vana a m. grove or wood D.II, 126; J.I, 139; VvA.305. —siñcaka one who waters the mangoes, a tender or keeper of mangoes Vv 797. (Page 74)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

amba (अंब).—f See āmba in the first sense.

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ambā (अंबा).—m (āmra S) The Mango tree and fruit, Mangifera Indica.

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ambā (अंबा).—f (S) A mother. 2 A name of Durga.

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āmba (आंब).—f An acid obtained by spreading, in the evening, a cloth over flowering plants of Cicer arietinum. It imbibes the acid with the dew. This liquor was examined by Vanquelin, and found to contain oxalic, malic, and a little acetic acid. The word may be used to render Vinegar. 2 A species of the mango-tree. The fruit is rather longer than ordinary. 3 The principle of fermentation or souring (as inherent in heat and air). Ex. thaṇḍīcē divasīṃ āmba kamī mhaṇūna dahīṃ phāra āmbata nāhīṃ. āmba ōrapaṇēṃ To draw off the cream, marrow, pith (the substance or essence) of; to gather (for self) all the virtue or good of.

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āmbā (आंबा).—m (āmra S) The mango-tree and fruit, Mangifera Indica. āmbyācā taḷakā A half of a mango.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ambā (अंबा).—m The mango–tree and fruit. f A mother. Name of durgā.

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āmba (आंब).—f An acid. Vinegar. A species of the mango-tree. The principle of fermentation or souring (as inher- ent in heat and air.). āmba ōrapaṇēṃ To draw off the cream or essence of; to gather all the good of.

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āmba (आंब) [- ṭāī, - टाई].—See under अ. āmbaṭa ōlēṃ. Rather moist.

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āmbā (आंबा).—m The mango-tree and fruit, āmbyācā taḷakā A half of a mango.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amba (अम्ब).—1 A father.

2) Sound; the Veda.

3) One who sounds.

-mbā see below.

-mbam 1 The eye.

2) Water.

-mba ind. A particle of affirmation; 'well, well now'.

Derivable forms: ambaḥ (अम्बः).

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Ambā (अम्बा).—[amb-ghañ] (Voc. ambe Ved.; amba in later Sanskṛt)

1) A mother; also used as an affectionate or respectful mode of address; 'good woman', 'good mother'; किमम्बाभिः प्रेषितः (kimambābhiḥ preṣitaḥ); अम्बानां कार्यं निर्वर्तय (ambānāṃ kāryaṃ nirvartaya) Ś.2; कृताञ्जलिस्तत्र यदम्ब सत्यात् (kṛtāñjalistatra yadamba satyāt) R.14.16.

2) Name of a plant (ambaṣṭhā d.).

3) Name of Durgā, wife of Śiva.

4) Name of an Apsaras; of a sister of Pāṇḍu's mother, a daughter of Kāśīrāja. [She and her two sisters were carried off by Bhīṣma to be the wives of Vichitravīrya who had no issue. Ambā, however, had been previously betrothed to a king of Śālva and Bhīṣma sent her to him; but the latter rejected her because she had been in another man's house. So she came back to Bhīṣma and prayed him to accept her; but he could not break his vow of life-long celibacy, and being enraged she returned to the forest and practised austere penance to revenge herself on Bhīṣma. Śiva favoured her and promised her the desired vengeance in another birth. Afterwards she was born as Śikhaṇḍinī, daughter of Drupada, who came to be called Śikhaḍin and became the cause of Bhīṣma's death.]

5) A term in astrology to denote the fourth condition. [cf. Dravid Amma; Germ. Amme; old Germ. Amma].

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 139 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ambavana
Ambavana (अम्बवन) is the name of a forest situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient ...
Jagadamba
Jagadambā (जगदम्बा).—f. (-mbā) A name of Durga. E. jagat, and ambā mother.
Ambagama
Ambagāma (अम्बगाम) is the name of an ancient village situated between Rājagaha and Kusāvati or ...
Amba Jataka
Amba, (Derivation unknown. Not found in pre-Buddhist literature. The Sk. is āmra. Probably non-...
Amba Sutta
Amba, (Derivation unknown. Not found in pre-Buddhist literature. The Sk. is āmra. Probably non-...
Amba-kapilika
Ambā-kapīlikā.—same as āmra-pipīlikā (q. v.). Note: ambā-kapīlikā is defined in the “Indian epi...
Gadage Amba
gāḍagē āmbā (गाडगे आंबा) [or गाडग्या आंबा, gāḍagyā āmbā].—m A large kind of mango. (In shape an...
Valakya Amba
vāḷakyā āmbā (वाळक्या आंबा).—m (vāḷūka & āmbā) A species of the Mango--the tree or its fruit.
Dagadi Amba
dagaḍī āmbā (दगडी आंबा).—m A kind of mango. It has a thick rind and is long in ripening.
Mukamba
Mūkāmbā (मूकाम्बा).—a form of Durgā. Mūkāmbā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mūk...
Ghagariya Amba
ghāgaṛyā āmbā (घागऱ्या आंबा).—m A small species of mango.
Tambada Amba
tāmbaḍā āmbā (तांबडा आंबा).—m (Red mango.) A term for the fruit rātambā or Garcinia purpurea.
Ambika
Ambikā (अम्बिका).—f. (-kā) 1. A mother. 2. A name of Parvati. 3. The mother of D'Hritarashtra. ...
Shikhandi
Śikhaṇḍī (शिखण्डी) is another name for Raktaguñjā, one of the two varieties of Guñjā: a medicin...
Vatsa
Vatsa (वत्स).—n. (-tsaṃ) The breast, the chest. m. (-tsaḥ) 1. A calf. 2. A year. mf. (-tsaḥ-tsā...

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