Adholoka, Adhaloka, Adhas-loka, Adha-loka: 10 definitions
Adholoka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography
Adholoka (अधोलोक).—The lower world or adho-loka is made up of seven earths, one below the other, in which are terrifying abodes of hell inhabitants:
Adhaloka (अधलोक) refers to the “lower world”, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“the lower world (i.e., adhaloka) is established below the middle world (i.e., madhyaloka) with a depth of seven rajjus less 900 yojanas. In it are seven earths, one below the other, occupying the lower part, in which are the terrifying abodes of the hell-inhabitants: Ratnaprabhā, Śarkarāprabhā, Vālukāprabhā, Paṅkaprabhā, Dhūmaprabhā, Tamaḥprabhā, Mahātamaḥprabhā; and the height of these is 180,000, 132,000, 128,000, 120,000, 118,000, 116,000, 108,000 yojanas, respectively. The earths, Ratnaprabhā, etc., become wider in succession, one below the other.”.Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts
Adhaloka (अधलोक).—The adha-loka is the lower world, is infernal (hell) and has the shape of a palanquin or a stack of umbrellas one inside the other.Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Jainism - the Creed for all Times
Adhaloka (अधलोक, “nether universe”).—The seven hellish grounds are suspended in the nether universal space, one above the other. The vertical expanse of the nether universe is 900 yojana less than seven rajju.
The seven hellish grounds therein are–
All these hellish grounds are wider than the previous ones the seventh ground being seven Rajju wide.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) The regions below the earth. E. adhas and loka world.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Adholoka (अधोलोक):—[=adho-loka] [from adhas] m. the lower world.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Adholoka (अधोलोक):—[tatpurusha compound] m.
(-kaḥ) The regions below the earth. E. adhas and loka.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+201): Sharkaraprabha, Dhumaprabha, Ratnaprabha, Pankaprabha, Valukaprabha, Tamahprabha, Vetarani, Kharasvara, Sama, Maharudra, Asipatra, Ambara, Dhanu, Amba, Mahaghosha, Shabala, Valu, Mahatmaprabha, Kumbha, Vyantara.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Adholoka, Adhaloka, Adhasloka, Adho-loka, Adhas-loka, Adha-loka; (plurals include: Adholokas, Adhalokas, Adhaslokas, lokas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Appendix 1.1: Cosmography < [Appendices]
Part 17: Description of the Lower World (adhaloka) < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)