Amatya, Amātya, Āmātya: 12 definitions
Amatya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Amaty.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Amātya (अमात्य) refers to “councelor”, to be elected by the king. They should possess the qualities like purity, intelligence, affluence in wealth, well tested virtues and comprehensive. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Amātya (अमात्य).—Their irritation against king, a cause of internal dissensions; to be banished after being deprived of possession, for doing wrongs: Residence of.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 223. 9; 227. 160; 254. 21-22.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Amātya (अमात्य, “councillor”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Amātya is used by Brahmins to address ministers. A similair address in this situation would be Saciva.
2) Amātya (अमात्य) refers to “ministers” (of the king), and their beard (śmaśru) should be represented as white (śveta), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).
3) Amātya (अमात्य, “secretary”) or Saciva refers to a classification of persons who “move about in public”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “Those who are intelligent, versed in polity, powerful, sweet-tongued, conversant with the Arthasāstra, and attached to the subjects and are followers of Dharma, should be always appointed by kings as secretaries (amātya)”.
Note: Saciva as well as amātya originally meant secretary. Amātya also has been used before to indicate a minister. But Arthaśāstra. (1.8.9) distinguishes between amātya and mantrin. Kāmandakīya Nītisāra (VIII.1) also does the same. According to the latter amātya seems to be identical with saciva (see IV. 25, 30, 31). According to Śukranīti saciva, amātya and mantrin are three different functionaries (See II. 94, 95 and 103). The Rudradāman inscription seems to distinguish between mantrin and saciva.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35, the role (bhūmikā) of actors playing amātyas (secretaries) is defined as, “Persons who have well-formed limbs, distinct speech, are neither tall nor fat, are heroic, have reasoning positive and negative, are brave, and eloquent and have presence of mind, should be employed to take up the role of army-leaders (senāpati) and secretaries (amātya)”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Amātya (अमात्य) may refer to the provincial governor like Allumprolarāja of Manthena epigraph dated A.D. 1199, who was the lord of Cennūrudeśa. In Konatmakur epigraph dated A.D. 1251, Dāmaya was mentioned as both amātya and mantri. It seems that amātya and mantri may be hereditary titles or suffixes.
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Amātya.—(IE 8-3; EI 28, 30; CII 3, 4; BL; HD; LL), a minister; sometimes, officer in charge of a district; explained as deś-ādi-kārya-nirvāhaka; in some cases, called Sarvādhikārin, etc., additionally. Cf. Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, p. 114, note 150. See Mahāmātya. Note: amātya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
amātya (अमात्य).—m (S) A minister one of the aṣṭapradhāna q. v., attendant upon a king. 2 A minister or counsellor gen.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
amātya (अमात्य).—m A minister.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Amātya (अमात्य).—[amā saha vasati, amā-tyap, avyayāttyap P. IV. 2.14. Vārt. amehakvatasitrebhya eva]
1) One living with or near another, an inmate of the same house or family (Ved.).
2) A companion or follower of a king, minister; तस्यामात्या गुणैरासन्निक्ष्वाकोः सुमहात्मनः (tasyāmātyā guṇairāsannikṣvākoḥ sumahātmanaḥ) Rām.1.7.1; अमात्याः सर्व एवैते कार्याः स्युर्न तु मन्त्रिणः (amātyāḥ sarva evaite kāryāḥ syurna tu mantriṇaḥ) Kau. A.1.8.
-amātyikā f. M. Bh. on P.VII.3.1.
Derivable forms: amātyaḥ (अमात्यः).
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Āmātya (आमात्य).—[amātya eva svārthe aṇ]
1) A minister, counsellor.
2) A general; see अमात्य (amātya)
Derivable forms: āmātyaḥ (आमात्यः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tyaḥ) A minister, a counsellor. E. amā near, tyap aff.
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(-tyaḥ) 1. A minister, a counseller, an advicer. 2. A general. E. See amātya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Amātya (अमात्य).—[amā + tya] (the basis signifies in the Vedas ‘in the house’). I. adj. Being in the house. Ii. m. (A companion of the king) A minister, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Amātya (अमात्य).—[masculine] inmate, relative, householder, councillor of a king, minister.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Amatyā (अमत्या):—[=a-matyā] [from a-mati > a-mata] ind. [instrumental case] unconsciously, [Manu-smṛti iv, 222 and v, 20; Gautama-dharma-śāstra]
2) Amātya (अमात्य):—[from amā] a m. (4) ([from] 1. amā cf. [Pāṇini 4-2, 104 [Scholiast or Commentator]]) inmate of the same house, belonging to the same house or family, [Ṛg-veda vii, 15, 3; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
3) [v.s. ...] ‘a companion (of a king)’, minister, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti etc.]
4) b See 1. amā
5) Āmātya (आमात्य):—m. (= amātya q.v.), a minister, counsellor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+5): Aikamatya, Anaikamatya, Avamatya, Bhanamatya, Decayamatya, Hritapragraha-amatya, Kaditamatya, Khamatya, Kumaramatya, Kumarapadiya-amatya, Mahakumaramatya, Mahamatya, Mahamudra-amatya, Pradhanamatya, Puja-amatya, Rajamatya, Rajjugrahaka-amatya, Ramamatya, Sahamatya, Sajanamatya.
Full-text (+33): Mahamatya, Kumarapadiya-amatya, Vishay-amatya, Kumaramatya, Pradhanamatya, Ashtapradhana, Puja-amatya, Satyasainika, Amatya-sabha, Rajjugrahaka-amatya, Amatyotpatti, Saciva, Parshadya, Samatya, Mahamudra-amatya, Kaditamatya, Hritapragraha-amatya, Rajamatya, Sapta-amatya, Amaty.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Amatya, Amātya, Āmātya, Amatyā, A-matya, A-matyā; (plurals include: Amatyas, Amātyas, Āmātyas, Amatyās, matyas, matyās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Part 7 - Data of India’s Cultural History in the Nāṭyaśāstra < [Introduction, part 1]
Baudhayana Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 10 - The Character of Ministers < [Book 1 - Concerning Discipline]
Chapter 1 - Determination of Forms of Agreement and Legal Disputes < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
6. Generosity and the virtue of wisdom. < [Part 14 - Generosity and the other virtues]
Act 5.3: Description of the six tremblings of the earth (bhūmicala) < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Part 6 - Avadāna of the sumptuous alms of Velāma < [Chapter XIX - The Characteristics of Generosity]
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)