Amatya, Amātya, Āmātya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Amatya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Amātya (अमात्य) refers to “councelor”, to be elected by the king. They should possess the qualities like purity, intelligence, affluence in wealth, well tested virtues and comprehensive. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Amātya (अमात्य).—Their irritation against king, a cause of internal dissensions; to be banished after being deprived of possession, for doing wrongs: Residence of.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 223. 9; 227. 160; 254. 21-22.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Amātya (अमात्य, “councillor”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Amātya is used by Brahmins to address ministers. A similair address in this situation would be Saciva.

2) Amātya (अमात्य) refers to “ministers” (of the king), and their beard (śmaśru) should be represented as white (śveta), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

3) Amātya (अमात्य, “secretary”) or Saciva refers to a classification of persons who “move about in public”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “Those who are intelligent, versed in polity, powerful, sweet-tongued, conversant with the Arthasāstra, and attached to the subjects and are followers of Dharma, should be always appointed by kings as secretaries (amātya)”.

Note: Saciva as well as amātya originally meant secretary. Amātya also has been used before to indicate a minister. But Arthaśāstra. (1.8.9) distinguishes between amātya and mantrin. Kāmandakīya Nītisāra (VIII.1) also does the same. According to the latter amātya seems to be identical with saciva (see IV. 25, 30, 31). According to Śukranīti saciva, amātya and mantrin are three different functionaries (See II. 94, 95 and 103). The Rudradāman inscription seems to distinguish between mantrin and saciva.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35, the role (bhūmikā) of actors playing amātyas (secretaries) is defined as, “Persons who have well-formed limbs, distinct speech, are neither tall nor fat, are heroic, have reasoning positive and negative, are brave, and eloquent and have presence of mind, should be employed to take up the role of army-leaders (senāpati) and secretaries (amātya)”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Amātya (अमात्य) may refer to the provincial governor like Allumprolarāja of Manthena epigraph dated A.D. 1199, who was the lord of Cennūrudeśa. In Konatmakur epigraph dated A.D. 1251, Dāmaya was mentioned as both amātya and mantri. It seems that amātya and mantri may be hereditary titles or suffixes.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Amātya.—(IE 8-3; EI 28, 30; CII 3, 4; BL; HD; LL), a minister; sometimes, officer in charge of a district; explained as deś-ādi-kārya-nirvāhaka; in some cases, called Sarvādhikārin, etc., additionally. Cf. Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, p. 114, note 150. See Mahāmātya. Note: amātya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

amātya (अमात्य).—m (S) A minister one of the aṣṭapradhāna q. v., attendant upon a king. 2 A minister or counsellor gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

amātya (अमात्य).—m A minister.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amātya (अमात्य).—[amā saha vasati, amā-tyap, avyayāttyap P. IV. 2.14. Vārt. amehakvatasitrebhya eva]

1) One living with or near another, an inmate of the same house or family (Ved.).

2) A companion or follower of a king, minister; तस्यामात्या गुणैरासन्निक्ष्वाकोः सुमहात्मनः (tasyāmātyā guṇairāsannikṣvākoḥ sumahātmanaḥ) Rām.1.7.1; अमात्याः सर्व एवैते कार्याः स्युर्न तु मन्त्रिणः (amātyāḥ sarva evaite kāryāḥ syurna tu mantriṇaḥ) Kau. A.1.8.

-amātyikā f. M. Bh. on P.VII.3.1.

Derivable forms: amātyaḥ (अमात्यः).

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Āmātya (आमात्य).—[amātya eva svārthe aṇ]

1) A minister, counsellor.

2) A general; see अमात्य (amātya)

Derivable forms: āmātyaḥ (आमात्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amātya (अमात्य).—m.

(-tyaḥ) A minister, a counsellor. E. amā near, tyap aff.

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Āmātya (आमात्य).—m.

(-tyaḥ) 1. A minister, a counseller, an advicer. 2. A general. E. See amātya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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