Natha, aka: Nātha; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Natha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Nātha (नाथ).—A Vaikuṇṭha God from the root meaning, protection.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 19.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nātha (नाथ, “lord”) refers to a term to be used by women in love addressing their beloved during amorous union, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly “he who maintains an intercourse with a woman by sweet words (sāma, lit. conciliation), gifts (dāna), providing enjoyment, caress and maintinance, is called ‘lord’ (nātha)”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Nātha (नाथ).—The Siddhas and their sons are referred to as -nāthas (e.g. Macchandanātha, Guḍikānātha) and the consorts as -ambās (e.g. Koṅkaṇāmbā/Kuṅkaṇāmbā, Illāī-ambā).

(Source): Nirvāṇa Sundarī: A Note on Kula and Kaula Tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Natha

Called Adhikari, a general of King Manabharana. Cv.lxx.298; lxxii.123, 126.

2. Natha

Called Natha Lankagiri. A general of King Manabharana, killed in battle (Cv.lxxii.124f).

3. Natha Nagaragiri

General of Parakkamabahu I. He held the title of Sankhanayaka. Cv.lxx.318; lxxii.31, 107 ; lxxv.76.

Natha Vagga

The second chapter of the Dasaka Nipata of the Anguttara Nikaya. A.v.15 32.

Natha Sutta

Two suttas on the qualities which give protection to a monk: virtue, learning, good friends, affability, skill in performance of duties, fondness for truth, energy, contentment, mindfulness, wisdom. A.v.23f. 26f.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Nātha (नाथ).—Literal meaning of nātha is “Lord”. Each Tīrthaṅkara is the Lord of three worlds and enriched with great qualities. Hence it seems apt and appropriate to use the suffix “nātha” with their names. Prabhu, Nātha, Deva, Swāmī, etc. are synonymous terms, so the terms Deva, Nātha, Prabhu, and Swāmī have been suffixed to the names of Tīrthaṅkara. The term “nātha” for Jain Tīrthaṅkara became so popular that Śaiva Yogī started using the term 'nātha' with his name and as a result, Matsyendranātha, Gorakhanātha, etc. which was part of this tradition became popular as the “nātha sect”.

(Source): HereNow4u: Tīrthaṅkara (ford maker) and Kevalīs (omniscient)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

nātha : (m.) protection; protector.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nātha, (Ved. nātha, nāth, to which Goth. nipan (to support), Ohg. gināda (grace)) protector, refuge, help A. V, 23, 89; Dh. 160 (attā hi attano n.), 380; Sn. 1131 (Nd2 has nāga); DhA. IV, 117; PvA. 1. lokanātha Saviour of the world (Ep. of the Buddha) Sn. 995; PvA. 42.—anātha helpless, unprotected, poor J. I, 6 (nāthânāthā rich & poor); PvA. 3 (°sālā poor house) 65. Cp. nādhati. (Page 349)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

natha (नथ).—f ( H from nātha S) A ring worn in the nose, a nose-jewel. 2 Medicine administered through the nose, errhine. v ghāla.

--- OR ---

nātha (नाथ).—m (S) A lord or master. Some compounds are naranātha, mṛganātha, bhaktanātha, śrīnātha, ambānātha. 2 The nose-rope or bridle of a bullock.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

natha (नथ).—f A ring worn in the nose. Medi- cine administered through the nose.

--- OR ---

nātha (नाथ).—m A Lord or master.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nātha (नाथ).—[nāth-ac]

1) A lord, master; leader; नाथे कुतस्त्वय्यशुभं प्रजानाम् (nāthe kutastvayyaśubhaṃ prajānām) R.5.13;2.73;3.45; त्रिलोक°, कैलास° (triloka°, kailāsa°) &c. भर्तुनाथा हि नार्यः (bhartunāthā hi nāryaḥ) Pratimā 1.25; विजनेऽपि च नाथवानिवास्मि (vijane'pi ca nāthavānivāsmi) Bu. Ch.5.69.

2) A husband.

3) A rope passed through the nose of a draft-ox.

4) A possessor.

5) A protector; अनाथाया हि नाथस्त्वं कौसल्याया भविष्यसि (anāthāyā hi nāthastvaṃ kausalyāyā bhaviṣyasi) Rām.2.53.17.

Derivable forms: nāthaḥ (नाथः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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