Ambika, aka: Aṃbikā, Ambikā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ambika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

1) Ambikā (अम्बिका, “mother”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ अम्बिकायै नमः
oṃ ambikāyai namaḥ.

2) Ambikā (अम्बिका, “the mother”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Ambika or Kaumari refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Kaumari from Skanda. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi and Maheshvari. Then, Kaumari, Guru-guha, the intimate guide in the cave of one’s heart, inspires aspirations to develop and evolve.

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

1) Ambikā (अम्बिका):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Ambikā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

2) Ambikā (अम्बिका):—Sanskrit name of one of the twenty-four goddesses of the Sūryamaṇḍala (first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth cakra (‘internal mystic center’) of the five (pañcacakra) and is located on or above the head. She presides over the pītha (‘sacred site’) called Virajā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Ambikā (अम्बिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Ambikā) is named Umāpati. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Ambikā (अम्बिका) is the name of a deity who received the Cintyāgama from Gopati who in turn, received it from Sudīpta through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The cintya-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Ambikā obtained the Cintyāgama from Gopati who in turn obtained it from Sudīpta who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Ambikā then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Cintyāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ambika in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Ambikā (अम्बिका).—Elder sister of Ambālikā. (See AMBĀLIKĀ).

2) Ambikā (अम्बिका).—Another name of Pārvatī. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 12).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Aṃbikā (अंबिका).—Wife of Śiva.1 Daughter of Dakṣa reborn of Menā.2 Pacified by Citraketu.3 Surname of Pārvati and Yogamāyā.4 Gave bhikṣā to Vāmana.5 In her honour a festival was celebrated at a sacred spot called Ambikāvana. In this Gopas participated.6 Represents Soma while Śiva is Agni.7 Worshipped in ceremonials before digging tanks.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 13.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 7. 59.
  • 3) Ib. VI. 17. 17.
  • 4) Ib. X. 2. 12.
  • 5) Ib. VIII. 18. 17.
  • 6) Ib. X. 34. 1-3.
  • 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 112; IV. 14. 6; 15. 52; 44. 86.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 26.

1b) A daughter of the King of Kāśi and wife of Vicitravīrya.1 Mother of Dhṛtarāṣṭṛa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 24. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 36.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 48. 34.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Ambikā (अम्बिका):—One of the daugthers of Kāśirāja, who, together with her sister named Ambālikā, were taken away by force and were married to by Vicitravīrya.

2) Ambika is one of the major rivers in the Indian state of Gujarat. The river has its origins in Saputara Hill ranges in the Nasik district of Maharashtra. Ambika has a drainage area of 2715 km2 and its travels 136 km before joining with Arabian sea.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Ambika was the second of the Kashi princesses who were abducted by Bhishma to become the wives of his half-brother Vichitraveerya. However, the eldest Amba refused to marry him, on the plea that she was plighted to Shalwa and therefore only Ambika and Ambalika were married to Vichitraveerya.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

1) Ambikā (अम्बिका)—One of the eleven wives of Rudra, called a Rudrāṇī.

2) In the epic Mahabharata, Ambika (अम्‍बिका) is the daughter of Kashya, the King of Kashi, and wife of Vichitravirya, the king of Hastinapura. Along with her sisters Amba and Ambalika, she was taken by force by Bhishma from their Swayamvara. Bhishma challenged the assembled Kings and Princes and defeated them. He presented them to Satyavati for marriage to Vichitravirya. Vichitravirya married only Ambika and Ambalika, and refused to marry Amba since she had already given her heart to another.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1 Another name for the goddess Durgā. Iconographically, the name may be reserved for Durgā when she is seated on, or attended by, a lion or tiger. The name is also applied to Umā (Parvatī), and to goddesses in general.

2 A Jain attendant goddess, perhaps originally of independent status, who is attached to the Nemi, the twenty-second Jain tīrthaṅkara, and associated with childbirth and prosperity. Her mount is a lion.

3 Dhṛtarāṣṭra's mother in the Mahābhārata. She shut her eyes during intercourse with Vyāsa, hence her son was born blind.

Source: Oxford Index: Indian Culture

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

In Jainism, Ambika is the Yakṣi "dedicated attendant deity" or Śāsana Devī "protector goddess" of the 22nd Tirthankara, Neminath. She is also known as Ambai, Amba and Amra Kushmandini. According to the tradition, her colour is golden and her vehicle is lion. She has four arms. In her two right hands she carries a mango and in the other a branch of a mango tree. In one of her left hands, she carries a rein and in the other she has her two sons, Priyankara and Shubhankara.

etymology: Ambika (Sanskrit: अम्बिका, Oriya: ଅମ୍ବିକା Ambikā "Mother") or Ambika Devi (अम्बिका देवी Ambikā Devī "the Goddess-Mother")

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ambikā (अम्बिका).—

1) A mother, good woman, also used like अम्बा (ambā) as a term of respect or endearment; अत्तिके अम्बिके शृणु मम विज्ञप्तिम् (attike ambike śṛṇu mama vijñaptim) Mk.1.

2) Name of a plant (ambā 2); Name of another plant कटुकी (kaṭukī).

3) Name of Pārvatī, wife of Śiva; आशीर्भिरेधयामासुः पुरः पाकाभिरम्बिकाम् (āśīrbhiredhayāmāsuḥ puraḥ pākābhirambikām) Ku.6.9.

4) Name of the middle daughter of Kāśīrāja and the eldest wife of Vichitravīrya. Like her youngest sister she had no progeny, and Vyāsa begot on her a son named धृतराष्ट्र (dhṛtarāṣṭra).

5) Name of a Jaina deity.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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