Amla, Amlā, Āmlā: 25 definitions


Amla means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aml.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Amla (अम्ल) refers to one of the five types of “curds” (dadhi) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—In dadhi-prakaraṇa, author classifies the curds into five types [viz., Amla] depending on their stages of fermentaion as well as taste.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Amlā (अम्ला) is another name for Kṣudrāmlikā, a medicinal plant identified with Oxalis corniculata Linn. or “creeping woodsorrel” from the Oxalidaceae or “wood sorrel” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.100-102 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Amlā and Kṣudrāmlikā, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Amla (अम्ल) refers to “sour-tasting (fruits)” which were modified using a recipe for manipulating the taste of fruits (on the tree), according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “A tree producing sour fruits (amla) starts yielding sweet fruits if its roots are exposed and smeared with the mixture of the honey from the flowers of Madhuca indica, Glycyrrhiza glabra, and Vitis vinifera, crystalline sugar and Hordeum vulgare (and then watered with the same?)”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Amlā (अम्ला) is another name (synonym) for Ciñcā, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Tamarindus indica (tamarind). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.162-164), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Amla (acid) is  taste which produces tooth-edge and increased salivation, and increases the relish for food. An acid taste is pre-eminently possessed of attributes, which belong to the elementary principles of earth (bhumi or pṛthivī) and fire (agni or dahana). The pungent, acid (amla) and saline ones exercise fiery or heat making virtues. The tastes such as sweet, acid (amla) and saline are heavy and emollient in their character. Tastes such as sweet, acid (amla) and saline are endued with the virtues of subduing Vayu.

Virtue of Amla—An acid taste should be regarded as a digestant of assimilated food, and is endued with resolving, appetising and carminative properties. It sets in the natural emission of flatus and urine, restores the natural movements of the bowels, lessens the tendency to spasms, and gives rise to an acid (digestive) reaction in the stomach, and to a sensation of external shivering. It originates a slimy or mucous secretion and is extremely pleasant or relishing.

An acid taste (amla-rasa), though possessed of the aforesaid virtues, brings on tooth-edge, with sudden closing of the eyes, appearance of goose flesh on the skin, absorption of Kapha and looseness of the body in the event of its being largely partaken of to the exclusion of all other tastes. Owing to its fiery character, the taste under discussion sets in a process of suppuration in cuts or burns, or in incised, lacerated or punctured wounds, as well as in those, which result from external blows, or are due to fractures, swellings, or falls, or are brought about as the after effects of any idiopathic distemper, or which are tainted with the urine of any venomous animals or through contact with any poisonous animal or vermin. It gives rise to a burning sensation in the throat, chest and the region of the heart.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Amla (अम्ल):—Acids medium used for various processes including purification etc

2) Sour; One among six Rasa;

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (ayurveda)

Amla (अम्ल) or Amlarasa refers to a “sour taste”, according to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā (Khilasthāna, verse 9.43-45ab) in a chapter on abdominal swelling caused by vitiation of the blood.—Accordingly, “Listen to the cause of that which produces the cravings [of a seemingly pregnant woman with raktagulma]. Generally, there is desire for those tastes which cause an increase of the bodily constituents because of the true similarity of their origin. [When] the vitiated blood has a Vāta or Pitta [imbalance] and is accumulating, it fuels desire for tastes such as [those which are] acrid, sour (amla), salty and so on [kaṭvamlalavaṇādīnāṃ rasānāṃ]”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Health Beckon: 45 Amazing Benefits Of Indian Gooseberry

The word “amla is derived from the Sanskrit word “amlaki”, which means “the sustainer” or prosperity. The fruit belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family. Amla is considered as one of the most popular herbs for improving our health and well-being. It is a major part of the Triphala Churna, which is a combination of three potent herbs. According to Ayurveda, regular consumption of amla balances all three doshas of the body- Vata, Pitta and Kapha. In ancient Ayurveda, amla was used for promoting longevity, digestion, for enhancing concentration and alleviating respiratory problems.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Amla (अम्ल, “sour”) refers to one of the “six kinds of tastes” (rasa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 36). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., amla). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Amla (अम्ल, “sour”) refers to one of the five types of Rasa (taste) which represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the taste attribute to the body are called taste body-making karma (e.g., amla).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Amla [आँवला] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Phyllanthus emblica L. from the Phyllanthaceae (Amla) family having the following synonyms: Emblica officinalis. For the possible medicinal usage of amla, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Amla in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus limon in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Citrus medica L. var. limon L. (among others).

2) Amla is also identified with Hibiscus cannabinus It has the synonym Ketmia glandulosa Moench (etc.).

3) Amla is also identified with Rumex vesicarius.

4) Amla is also identified with Tamarindus indica It has the synonym Tamarindus erythraeus Mattei (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Sci. Rep. Res. Inst. Evol. Biol. (1986)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003)
· FBI (1878)
· Repertorium Botanices Systematicae. (1842)
· Acta Botanica Austro Sinica (1989)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Amla, for example side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āmla (आम्ल).—n S An acid drug or medicament. Five specific ones are reckoned; viz. hyāḷuṅga, nimbūṃ, nāriṅga, ciñca, avaḷā.

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āmla (आम्ल).—a (S) Sour or acid.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

amla (अम्ल).—a Sour or acid.

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āmla (आम्ल).—a Sour or acid. n An acid drug.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amla (अम्ल).—a. [am-kla Uṇādi-sūtra 4.18.] Sour, acid; कट्वम्ललवणात्युष्णतीक्ष्णरूक्षविदाहिनः (kaṭvamlalavaṇātyuṣṇatīkṣṇarūkṣavidāhinaḥ) (āhārāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 17.9.

-mlaḥ 1 Sourness, acidity, one of the six kinds of tastes or rasas q. v. यो दन्तहर्षमुत्पादयति मुखास्रावं जनयति श्रद्धां चोत्पादयति सोऽम्लः (yo dantaharṣamutpādayati mukhāsrāvaṃ janayati śraddhāṃ cotpādayati so'mlaḥ) (rasaḥ) Suśr.

2) Vinegar.

3) Wood-sorrel.

4) = अम्ल- वेतस (amla- vetasa) q. v.

5) The common citron tree.

6) Belch.

-mlī = चाङ्गेरी (cāṅgerī).

-mlam Sour curds, butter-milk, with a fourth part of water.

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Amla (अम्ल).—Sourness.

Derivable forms: amlaḥ (अम्लः).

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Āmla (आम्ल) or Āmlā (आम्ला).—The tamarind tree.

-mlam Sourness, acidity.

-pañcakam The aggregate of the five following Ziziphus Jujuba (Mar. bora), Pomegranate (Mar. ḍāḷiṃba), Mangosteen (Mar. kokaṃba), Tamarind (Mar. ciṃca), Averrhoa Carambola (Mar. karamara).

-vetasaḥ Name of the plant Rumex Vesicarius (Mar. cukā).

Derivable forms: āmlaḥ (आम्लः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amla (अम्ल).—mfn.

(-mlaḥ-mlā-mlaṃ) Sour, acid. m.

(-mlaḥ) Sourness, acidity. f. (-mlī) Wood sorrel, (Oxalis monadelpha.) n.

(-mlaṃ) Sour curds. E. ama to be sick, kla Unadi affix, and ṅīp for the fem.

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Āmla (आम्ल).—mfn.

(-mlaḥ-mlā-mlaṃ) The tamarind tree. n.

(-mlaṃ) Lourness, acidity. E. amla sour, with āṅ prefixed, or amla sour and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amla (अम्ल).—m. Sourness, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 14, 45; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 114 (acids). Perhaps from vb. am.

— Cf. [Latin] ăm + ārus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amla (अम्ल).—[adjective] sour, acid; [masculine] wood-sorrel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amla (अम्ल):—mfn. sour, acid, [Manu-smṛti v, 114, etc.]

2) m. (with or without rasa) acidity, vinegar, [Suśruta], wood sorrel (Oxalis Corniculata), [Suśruta]

3) mn. sour curds, [Suśruta]

4) Āmla (आम्ल):—mf. ([from] amla), the tamarind tree, Tamarindus Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) n. sourness, acidity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amla (अम्ल):—(mlaḥ) 1. m. Acidity. (mlī) 3. f. Wood-sorrel. (mlaṃ) 1. n. Sour curds. (mlaḥ-mlā-mlaṃ) 1. a. Sour.

2) Āmla (आम्ल):—[(mlaḥ-mlī-mlaṃ)] 1. m. n. 3. f. The tamarind tree. n. Sourness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Amla (अम्ल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃba, Aṃbila.

[Sanskrit to German]

Amla in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Amla in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) staff; paraphernalia..—amla (अमला) is alternatively transliterated as Amalā.

2) Amla (अम्ल) [Also spelled aml]:—(nm) acid; (a) sour; ~[] acidity; sourness.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Amla (ಅಮ್ಲ):—

1) [noun] acid taste of lemon juice, vinegar, tamarind fruit; green fruit, etc.; sour taste.

2) [noun] the butter milk that has become sour.

3) [noun] thin, easily digested porridge made by cooking meal in water; gruel.

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Āmla (ಆಮ್ಲ):—

1) [noun] a substance with sour taste.

2) [noun] that which turns vegetable blues (i.e. litmus) red and combines with bases, certain materials etc. to form salts; acid.

3) [noun] that which dissolves in water with the formation of hydrogen ions.

4) [noun] the pod of the tropical tree, Tamarindus indica of Caesalpiniaceous family; tamarind.

5) [noun] its tree.

6) [noun] the tree Emblica officinalis of Euphorbiaceae family.

7) [noun] its fruit; Emblic myrobalan.

8) [noun] ಆಮ್ಲದ ಮಳೆ [amlada male] āmlada maḷe rain with a high concentration of acids produced by sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, etc. resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels, which has a destructive effect on plant and aquatic life, buildings, etc.; acid rain.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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