Alamba, Ālamba, Āḷamba, Ālambā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Alamba means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āḷamba can be transliterated into English as Alamba or Aliamba, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ālamba (आलम्ब).—An ancient sage. He flourished in Yudhiṣṭhira’s court. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 5, Verse 5).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Ālamba (आलम्ब).—A class of sages.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 200. 17.

2) Ālambā (आलम्बा).—A daughter of Khaśā, and a Rākṣasī, after whom came the ālambeya gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 138; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 170.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Alamba (अलम्ब) is the name of a sacred region, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra verse 3.135-138, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The eight secondary fields are Kadaṃba, Alamba, Gokarṇa, the Vindhya mountain, Vimaleśvara, Sindhumāla, Mahāsena, and Mātaṅga.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Alamba - Probably the name of a divine musician, one of a large number who wait on Sakka and on his wives (Vv., pp.16, 47). Dhammapala (VvA.96) quotes this view and objects to it, saying that the name is not that of a musician but of a musical instrument. The opinion that the name denotes a celestial musician seems, however, to be the right one. For a discussion see Hardy: Vimanavatthu Commentary (P.T.S. Ed.), 372-3.

2. Alamba - See Alambayana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ālamba : (m.) 1. support; 2. help; 3. anything to hang on.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Alamba, (adj.) (a + lamba) not hanging down, not drooping, short J.V, 302; VI, 3 (°tthaniyo not flabby: of a woman’s breasts cp. alamb’ordhva-stanī Suśruta I.371). (Page 79)

— or —

Ālamba, (Sk. ālamba, ā + lamb) anything to hang on, support S.I, 53 (an° without support); Sn.173 (id. + appatiṭṭha); J.III, 396; Miln.343; Sdhp.245, 463. (Page 109)

— or —

Āḷamba, = āḷambara Vv 189 = 5024. See ālambara. (Page 110)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ālamba (आलम्ब).—a. Hanging down.

-baḥ 1 Depending on or from.

2) That on which one rests or leans, prop, stay; इह हि पततां नास्त्यालम्बा न चापि निवर्तनम् (iha hi patatāṃ nāstyālambā na cāpi nivartanam) Śānti.3.2.

3) Support, protection; तवालम्बादम्ब स्फुरदलघुगर्वेण सहसा (tavālambādamba sphuradalaghugarveṇa sahasā) Jag.; सीतां शून्ये यथासुखं (sītāṃ śūnye yathāsukhaṃ); निरालम्बां हरिष्यामि (nirālambāṃ hariṣyāmi) Rām.; अपश्यन्त निरालम्बं तं ययातिं परिच्युतम् (apaśyanta nirālambaṃ taṃ yayātiṃ paricyutam) Mb.5.121.5.

4) Receptacle.

5) A perpendicular.

-bā Name of a plant with poisonous leaves.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālamba (आलम्ब).—m.

(-mbaḥ) 1. A receptacle, a prop, an asylum or support. 2. Depending on or from. 3. A perpendicular. E. āṅ before lambi to go, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālamba (आलम्ब).—[ā-lamb + a], I. adj. Hanging down, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 22, 17. Ii. m. Support, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 310 (in Chr. p. 271, corr. -bahe-).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālamba (आलम्ब).—[adjective] hanging down; [masculine] anything to hang on, support (l.&[feminine]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ālamba (आलम्ब):—[=ā-lamba] [from ā-lamb] mfn. hanging down, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. that on which one rests or leans, support, prop

3) [v.s. ...] receptacle

4) [v.s. ...] asylum, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] depending on or from

6) [v.s. ...] a perpendicular, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [Mahābhārata]

8) Ālambā (आलम्बा):—[=ā-lambā] [from ā-lamba > ā-lamb] f. a species of plant with poisonous leaves, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālamba (आलम्ब):—[ā-lamba] (mbaḥ) 1. m. A prop; a dependence; a perpendicular.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ālamba (आलम्ब) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ālaṃba.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alamba in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ālaṃba (आलंब) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ālamb.

2) Ālaṃba (आलंब) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ālamba.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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