Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 28.1

किं सो नरो जल्पम् अचिन्त्यकालं कतमास्य विद्या कतमं स्य दानं ।
सौख्याध्वगो अस्मिं परे च लोके कथंकरो रक्षितो स्वस्त्ययनं तद् आहु ॥ १ ॥

kiṃ so naro jalpam acintyakālaṃ katamāsya vidyā katamaṃ sya dānaṃ |
saukhyādhvago asmiṃ pare ca loke kathaṃkaro rakṣito svastyayanaṃ tad āhu || 1 ||

What spell does he, who is attended by good fortune in this world and the next, pronounce or study at the due time? What knowledge is his or what learning? What does he do that he is well-guarded by blessing? (1)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (28.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kim, Sah, Nara, Nri, Jalpa, Acintya, Acit, Akala, Kata, Asya, Vidya, Sya, Dana, Saukhya, Pare, Para, Pari, Loka, Katham, Katha, Karas, Kara, Svastyayana, Tad, Tat, Ahu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 28.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kiṃ so naro jalpam acintyakālaṃ katamāsya vidyā katamaṃ sya dānaṃ
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • so* -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • naro* -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • jalpam -
  • jalpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jalpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • acintya -
  • acintya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    acintya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    acit (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • akālam -
  • akāla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    akāla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    akālā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • katam -
  • kata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • āsya -
  • āsya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āsya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ās -> āsya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √ās]
    ās -> āsya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √ās]
    as -> āsya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √as]
    as -> āsya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √as]
    ās -> āsya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ās]
    ās -> āsya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ās]
    as -> āsya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    ās -> āsya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ās]
    ās -> āsya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ās]
    as -> āsya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √as]
    as -> āsya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √as]
  • vidyā -
  • vidyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • katam -
  • kata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • sya -
  • sya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dānam -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “saukhyādhvago asmiṃ pare ca loke kathaṃkaro rakṣito svastyayanaṃ tad āhu
  • saukhyā -
  • saukhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • adhvago -
  • Cannot analyse asmim*pa
  • pare -
  • pare (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    para (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    parā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • kathaṅ -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • karo* -
  • karas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    kara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rakṣito -
  • svastyayanam -
  • svastyayana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svastyayana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āhu -
  • āhū (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
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