Sya, Shya: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Sya (स्य).—Case-ending स्य (sya) substituted for the genitive singular case-affix after bases ending in अ; cf. टाङसिङसामि-नात्स्याः (ṭāṅasiṅasāmi-nātsyāḥ) P. VII.1.12;

2) Sya.—Vikarana affix स्य (sya) placed before the personal endings of लृट् (lṛṭ) and लृङ् (lṛṅ) (the second future tense and the conditional mood); cf स्यतासी लृलुटोः (syatāsī lṛluṭoḥ) P. III.1.33.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sya (स्य).—1 P., 1 U. (syamati, syamayati-te)

1) To sound, to cry aloud, shout; वव्रश्चुराजुघूर्णुश्च स्येमुश्चुकूर्दिरे तथा (vavraścurājughūrṇuśca syemuścukūrdire tathā) Bk.14.77.

2) To go.

3) To consider, reflect (Ātm. only in this sense).

4) To guess, to reflect; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: syam (स्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sya (स्य).—apparently particle of emphasis, = asya, q.v. for citations.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śyā (श्या).—śyāyati [participle] śīta, śīna & śyāna (q.v.) freeze, coagulate (tr.); [Passive] śīyata [intransitive]

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Sya (स्य).—[pronoun] st. of 3^d [person or personal] (only [nominative] sgl., cf. tya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sya (स्य):—1. sya mfn. [pronoun] base of 3rd person (= sa; only in [nominative case] m. syas, sya f. sya; cf. tya, tyad), [Ṛg-veda]

2) 2. sya n. a winnowing basket (= śūrpa), [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śyā (श्या):—, śyāyati [Yāska’s Nirukta 4, 3.] med. [DHĀTUP. 22, 67] (gatau). gefrieren —, gerinnen machen: sa yadetayorbaliṣṭhaṃ śyāyati teno haitau (śaiśirau) tapaśca tapasyaśca [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 3, 1, 19.] pass.: hi.o yacca śī.ate [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 12, 7, 2. 3.] yadaśrvaśīyata.tadraja.aṃ hiraṇyamabhavat [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 1, 5, 1, 1.] partic. śīna geronnen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 24. 8, 2, 47.] yavāgū, ghṛta, medas, vasā [Scholiast] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 90. fg.] śyāna trocken geworden: saritaḥ pulināḥ [Spr. (II) 4657.] — Vgl. śīta und śīna . — abhi, partic. śyāna und śīna geronnen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 93.] śyāta und śīta abgekühlt, kühl: vāyu, jala [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.] — samabhi, partic. śyāna [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.] — ava, partic. śyāna und śīna geronnen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 93.] śyāta und śīta abgekühlt, kühl: vāyu, jala [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.] — Vgl. avaśyāya . — samava, partic. śyāna [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.] — ā med. trocken werden: yāvannāśyāyate vedirabhiṣekajalāplutā [Raghuvaṃśa 17, 37.] partic. āśyāna ausgetrocknet, eingetrocknet: pathaścāśyānakardamān [4, 24.] kāleya [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 9.] — pra, partic. śīta fest gefroren: yadvai śītasya praśītaṃ taddhimasya jarāyu [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 1, 2, 26.] — prati, partic. mit Contraction [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 25.] śīta [Scholiast] śīna [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [8, 2, 47.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 92.] — Vgl. pratiśyāya, welches auch vom Gerinnen des Schleimes erklärt werden könnte. — sam, partic. śyāna zusammengeschrumpft (= saṃkucita): vṛścikaḥ śītāt [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 91.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 24, Scholiast] — abhisam, partic. śyāna und śīna [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.] — avasam, partic. śyāna und śīna [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 26.]

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Sya (स्य):—

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Sya (स्य):—2. n. = śūrpa [Yāska’s Nirukta 6, 9.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 13, 15] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 332.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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