Asya, aka: Āsya, Āsyā; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Asya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Āsya (आस्य) refers to the “mouth”. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

The following are the six kinds of ‘gestures of the mouth’ (āsya):

  1. vidhuta (dispersed),
  2. vinivṛtta (withdrawn),
  3. nirbhugna (distorted),
  4. bhugna (bend),
  5. vivṛta (revealed),
  6. udvāhin (raising).
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Āsya (आस्य).—Place of articulation, the mouth, cf. अत्यन्त्यनेन वर्णान् इति आस्यम् (atyantyanena varṇān iti āsyam) M. Bh. on I.1.9;

2) Āsya.—Found in the place of articulation; e g. the effort made for the utterance of words cf.आस्ये भवमास्यम् (āsye bhavamāsyam) M. Bh. on I.1.9, also स्पृष्टादिप्रयत्नपञ्चक-मास्यम् (spṛṣṭādiprayatnapañcaka-māsyam) Laghuvṛtti on Śāk. I.1.6.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Āsya (आस्य) refers to the “mouth” of the Buddha, to which his rays (raśmi) might return after emission, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). According to the Avadānaśataka and Divyāvadāna, it is a custom that, at the moment when the Buddha Bhagavats show their smile, blue, yellow, red and white rays flash out of the Bhagavat’s mouth, some of which go up and some of which go down. Those that go down penetrate into the hells (naraka); those that go up penetrate to the gods from the Cāturmahārājikas up to the Akaniṣṭas. Having travelled through the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu, the rays return to the Bhagavat from behind. According as to whether the Buddha wishes to show such-and-such a thing, the rays return to him by a different part of the body.

The returning of the rays into the mouth (āsya) of the Buddha predicts the bodhi of the Śrāvakas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āsyā (आस्या).—Sitting, abode, state of rest; आस्या वर्णकफस्थौल्यसौकुमार्यकरी सुखा (āsyā varṇakaphasthaulyasaukumāryakarī sukhā) Suśr.

--- OR ---

Āsya (आस्य).—a. Belonging to the mouth or face.

-syam [asyate grāso'tra, as -ṇyat]

1) The mouth, jaws; आस्यकुहरे, विवृतास्यः (āsyakuhare, vivṛtāsyaḥ).

2) Face; आस्यकमलम् (āsyakamalam).

3) A part of the mouth used in pronouncing letters; तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् (tulyāsyaprayatnaṃ savarṇam) P.I.1. 9; आस्ये भवमास्यं ताल्वादिस्थानम् (āsye bhavamāsyaṃ tālvādisthānam) Sk; षडास्यानि (ṣaḍāsyāni) Pt.5.55; (the six parts being the throat, head or brain, palate, tooth, lip, and nose.

4) Mouth, opening; व्रणास्यं अङ्कास्यम् (vraṇāsyaṃ aṅkāsyam) &c.

--- OR ---

Āsyā (आस्या).—See under आस् (ās).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 115 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sucyasya
Sūcyāsya (सूच्यास्य).—a rat. Derivable forms: sūcyāsyaḥ (सूच्यास्यः), sūcyāsyaḥ (सूच्यास्यः).Sū...
Simhasya
Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य).—a particular position of the hands. Derivable forms: siṃhāsyaḥ (सिंहास्यः)...
Pancasya
Pañcāsya (पञ्चास्य).—1) a lion. 2) learned; वैद्यपञ्चाननः (vaidyapañcānanaḥ).Pañcāsya is a Sans...
Sarasya
Sārasya (सारस्य).—Abundance of water.Derivable forms: sārasyam (सारस्यम्).--- OR --- Śarāsya (श...
Hamsasya
1) Haṃsāsya (हंसास्य, “swan-beak”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃ...
Shakatasya
1) Śakaṭāsyā (शकटास्या).—A type of earthly (bhaumī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructi...
Mlecchasya
Mlecchāsya (म्लेच्छास्य).—copper. Derivable forms: mlecchāsyam (म्लेच्छास्यम्).Mlecchāsya is a ...
Asyalangala
Āsyalāṅgala (आस्यलाङ्गल).—1) a dog. 2) a boar. Derivable forms: āsyalāṅgalaḥ (आस्यलाङ्गलः).Āsya...
Gaurasya
Gaurāsya (गौरास्य).—a kind of black monkey, with a white face. Derivable forms: gaurāsyaḥ (गौरा...
Doshasya
Doṣāsya (दोषास्य).—a lamp. Derivable forms: doṣāsyaḥ (दोषास्यः).Doṣāsya is a Sanskrit compound ...
Uragasya
Uragāsya (उरगास्य).—a kind of spade (serpent-shaped hoe); Derivable forms: uragāsyam (उरगास्यम्...
Kapitthasya
Kapitthāsya (कपित्थास्य).—a kind of monkey.Derivable forms: kapitthāsyaḥ (कपित्थास्यः).Kapitthā...
Mrigasya
Mṛgāsya (मृगास्य).—the sign Capricornus of the zodiac. Derivable forms: mṛgāsyaḥ (मृगास्यः).Mṛg...
Mandasya
Mandāsya (मन्दास्य).—shyness. Derivable forms: mandāsyam (मन्दास्यम्).Mandāsya is a Sanskrit co...
Malinasya
Malināsya (मलिनास्य).—a. 1) having a dirty or black face. 2) low, vulgar. 3) savage, cruel. Mal...

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