Asya, Āsya, Āsyā, Ashya: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Asya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Āsya (आस्य) refers to the “mouth”. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

The following are the six kinds of ‘gestures of the mouth’ (āsya):

  1. vidhuta (dispersed),
  2. vinivṛtta (withdrawn),
  3. nirbhugna (distorted),
  4. bhugna (bend),
  5. vivṛta (revealed),
  6. udvāhin (raising).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Āsya (आस्य).—Place of articulation, the mouth, cf. अत्यन्त्यनेन वर्णान् इति आस्यम् (atyantyanena varṇān iti āsyam) M. Bh. on I.1.9;

2) Āsya.—Found in the place of articulation; e g. the effort made for the utterance of words cf.आस्ये भवमास्यम् (āsye bhavamāsyam) M. Bh. on I.1.9, also स्पृष्टादिप्रयत्नपञ्चक-मास्यम् (spṛṣṭādiprayatnapañcaka-māsyam) Laghuvṛtti on Śāk. I.1.6.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Āsya (आस्य):—[āsyam] Mouth

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Āsya (आस्य) refers to “protome band (molding of the capital) § 3.19.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āsya (आस्य) refers to the “mouth”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] What is located in the sequence of the sacred seats is in the midst of Dakṣa and the rest (in the heart) above the navel. One should know (this), the Śāmbhava state, by means of the teaching from the teacher's mouth. One should worship (the sacred seats in the order listed above) in the same way, in the ear, mouth [i.e., āsya], nose, and above the eyebrows (respectively)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Āsya (आस्य, “mouth”) refers to one of the five kinds of sthāna (the organs of utterance), according to the Saṃgītaratnākara.—During the practise of Vocal Music, the proper production of the concerned sound is always considered as very important. Sthāna or ucchāraṇasthāna is the place of articulation of sound. Bhattojidīkṣita in his Siddhāntakaumudī said about ten kinds of sthāna (i.e., the organs of utterance), e.g., āsya (i.e., mouth).

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Āsya (आस्य) refers to the “mouth” of the Buddha, to which his rays (raśmi) might return after emission, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). According to the Avadānaśataka and Divyāvadāna, it is a custom that, at the moment when the Buddha Bhagavats show their smile, blue, yellow, red and white rays flash out of the Bhagavat’s mouth, some of which go up and some of which go down. Those that go down penetrate into the hells (naraka); those that go up penetrate to the gods from the Cāturmahārājikas up to the Akaniṣṭas. Having travelled through the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu, the rays return to the Bhagavat from behind. According as to whether the Buddha wishes to show such-and-such a thing, the rays return to him by a different part of the body.

The returning of the rays into the mouth (āsya) of the Buddha predicts the bodhi of the Śrāvakas.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āsyā (आस्या).—Sitting, abode, state of rest; आस्या वर्णकफस्थौल्यसौकुमार्यकरी सुखा (āsyā varṇakaphasthaulyasaukumāryakarī sukhā) Suśr.

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Āsya (आस्य).—a. Belonging to the mouth or face.

-syam [asyate grāso'tra, as -ṇyat]

1) The mouth, jaws; आस्यकुहरे, विवृतास्यः (āsyakuhare, vivṛtāsyaḥ).

2) Face; आस्यकमलम् (āsyakamalam).

3) A part of the mouth used in pronouncing letters; तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् (tulyāsyaprayatnaṃ savarṇam) P.I.1. 9; आस्ये भवमास्यं ताल्वादिस्थानम् (āsye bhavamāsyaṃ tālvādisthānam) Sk; षडास्यानि (ṣaḍāsyāni) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5.55; (the six parts being the throat, head or brain, palate, tooth, lip, and nose.

4) Mouth, opening; व्रणास्यं अङ्कास्यम् (vraṇāsyaṃ aṅkāsyam) &c.

--- OR ---

Āsyā (आस्या).—See under आस् (ās).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Asya (अस्य).—also sya, apparently particle of emphasis; according to Senart on Mahāvastu i.45.1, = Sanskrit svid, Pali su (also assu). (Note that [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v. su^3 derives this not only from Sanskrit svid but also from Sanskrit sma, for which it there states that Pali also has sa and assa; but neither of these forms is cited in their proper places in [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]; Andersen, Reader, Glossary s.v. sudaṃ, also mentions sa and assa as occur- ring for Sanskrit sma but does not list them; [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v. assu cites once assa as v.l. for assu; otherwise I have no record of Pali (as)sa as a particle.) In mss. of Mahāvastu anya or anyaṃ is sometimes read for asya: evam asya syāt Mahāvastu i.45.1, 5, 9, 12; kim asya nāma i.343.4; tasya sya dharmā i.292.1; kiṃ sya nāma, and kena sya nāma, i.346.8 and 9, 15 and 16; 347.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āsya (आस्य).—n.

(-syaṃ) 1. the face. 2. The mouth. mfn.

(-syaḥ-syā-syaṃ) Belonging or relating to the mouth or face. E. as to throw or direct, and ṇyat affix, or āṅ before syanda to go, and ḍa affix; to which food goes or is directed. f.

(-syā) Stay, abiding, resting. E. ās to sit, and ṇyat affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āsya (आस्य).— (vb. an, cf. ānana), n. 1. The mouth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 94. 2. The face, [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 1. 3. An organ of speech, as the lips, the teeth, etc., [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 44.

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Āsyā (आस्या).—[ās-yā], f. Sitting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āsya (आस्य).—[neuter] mouth, face.

--- OR ---

Āsyā (आस्या).—[feminine] sitting.

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Āśyā (आश्या).—[Middle] dry ([intransitive]). — Cf. āśyāna.

Āśyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and śyā (श्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āśya (आश्य):—mfn. to be eaten, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) Āsyā (आस्या):—[from ās] a f. sitting, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] abiding, abode

4) [v.s. ...] state of rest, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Āsya (आस्य):—[from ās] a n. (ifc. mf(ā)n.) mouth, jaws, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] face, [Yājñavalkya]

7) [v.s. ...] mfn. belonging to the mouth or face, belonging to that part of the mouth or face, belonging to that part of the mouth which is the organ of uttering sounds or letters, [Pāṇini; Siddhānta-kaumudī; Kāśikā-vṛtti etc.]

8) b etc. See 4. ās.

9) Āsyā (आस्या):—b f. See √2. ās.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āsya (आस्य):—(syaṃ) 1. n. The face, the mouth.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āsya (आस्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Assa, Āsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āsya (आस्य):—(nm) fascia.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āsya (ಆಸ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the front of the head, from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin, and from ear to ear; the face.

2) [noun] the opening through which an animal takes in food esp. the cavity or the entire structure, in the head of any of the higher animals which contains the teeth and tongue and through which sounds are uttered; the mouth.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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