Svastyayana, Svasti-ayana: 10 definitions

Introduction

Svastyayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Svastyayana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन) refers to a set of Vedic Mantras recited for causing prosperity and good fortune, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] then the rites of Svastyayana, Āśīrvāda (benediction), Mārjana shall be performed. Then Homage, a prayer for forgiveness and Ācamana shall be performed. Repeating the Agha mantras for the expiation of sins namaskāra shall be duly performed. He shall pray with devout feelings. ‘Devotion to Śiva, devotion to Śiva, devotion to Śiva in every birth. I have no other refuge. You alone are my refuge’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन) refers to “the recitation of benedictory verses”, i.e. “the recitation of the texts that precede the nuptial Homa”, according to the Manusmṛti 5.150.

According to Vīramitrodaya (Saṃskāra), svastyayana means “the request to Brāhmaṇas for the pronouncing of the benedictory syllable svasti”. According to Smṛtitattva, svastyayanam stands for “the wearing of gold for the purpose of passing a happy life, or for the request to Brāhmaṇas for pronouncing the syllable svasti”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Svastyayana.—(EI 31), rite for averting evil. Note: svastyayana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Svastyayana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन).—n S (svasti & ayana) A rite among the propitiatory ceremonies observed at marriages, thread-investitures &c.,--the throwing of rice upon the head (of the person), uttering svasti Blessing be with thee!

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Svastyayana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन).—

1) a means of securing prosperity.

2) the averting of evil by the recitation of mantras or performance of expiatory rites.

3) the benediction of a Brāhmaṇa after presentation of offerings; प्रास्थानिकं स्वस्त्ययनं प्रयुज्य (prāsthānikaṃ svastyayanaṃ prayujya) R.2.7. -a. Auspicious; इदं स्वस्त्ययनं श्रेष्ठम् (idaṃ svastyayanaṃ śreṣṭham) Ms.1.16; Mb.1.75.2.

Derivable forms: svastyayanam (स्वस्त्ययनम्).

Svastyayana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svasti and ayana (अयन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nī-naṃ) Auspicious, propitious. n.

(-naṃ) 1. The aversion of evil by the recitation of Mantras. 2. The benediction of a Brahmana after presentation of offerings. 3. A means of attaining prosperity. E. svasti good, and ayana coming or bringing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन).—i. e. svasti -ayana, I. adj. Auspicious, producing happiness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 106. Ii. n. The recitation of holy texts for the averting of evil, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 152; benediction, Chr. 25, 51 (kṛta-svastyayana, adj. After having received benedictions).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन).—[neuter] good progress, success, welfare, blessing, benediction; [adjective] ([feminine] ī) producing happiness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Yv. Stein 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svastyayana (स्वस्त्ययन):—[=svasty-ayana] [from svasty > sv-asti] n. sg. and [plural] (ifc. f(ā). ) auspicious progress, success, [Jātakamālā]

2) [v.s. ...] blessing, benediction, congratulation (with [Causal] of √vac, ‘to ask for a blessing’), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a Mantra recited for good luck or the recitation of such a Mantra, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] a means of attaining prosperity, [Jātakamālā]

5) [v.s. ...] a vessel full of water borne in front of a procession, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. bringing or causing good fortune, auspicious (tama, superl.), [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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