Acit: 9 definitions


Acit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achit.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Religious Inclusivism in the Writings of an Early Modern Sanskrit Intellectual (Shaivism)

Acit (अचित्) refers to that which is “insentient”, according to the Pauṣkara-āgama, quoted by Appaya’s South Indian Śaiva contemporary, Śivāgrayogin (16th century), in his Śaivaparibhāṣā.—Śivāgrayogin too holds that neither Śiva nor Śakti can function as the material cause of the world inasmuch as they have the nature of consciousness. Śivāgrayogin also rejects vivartavāda as a possible solution to this problem for the same reasons as Aghora: “Nor is Śiva’s Śakti itself the material cause here because it has the nature of consciousness; it is well known that [only] what is insentient [i.e., acit] transforms. If one objects: ‘Let there be the apparent transformation of what is sentient, so that Śiva’s śakti itself apparently transforms into these various forms,’ [we say:] no. If this were the case, it would undesirably follow that all products are illusory. And this is not desirable for it is impossible that the world be so [i.e. illusory], it being established [to be real] through all instruments of knowledge”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Acit (अचित्) refers to “unconscious”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 3.2.11.—Accordingly, “And this Awareness-principle, consisting of [unlimited] Agency (kartṛtā-maya), [becomes] limited—[though] it is strengthened by partial agency—abiding as a [mere] attribute in a person whose [habitual] nature is unconscious (acit-rūpa), [identifying as he does with] the void, [prāṇa, mind,] and [body].”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acit (अचित्).—a. Ved.

1) Devoid of understanding.

2) Irreligious, unrighteous.

3) Material (opp. cit).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acit (अचित्).—[adjective] unthinking, foolish.

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Ācit (आचित्).—attend to, call to mind, understand, know, find out, invent; [intransitive] appear, shine, excel.

Ācit is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and cit (चित्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Acit (अचित्):—[=a-cit] mfn. without understanding, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] irreligious, bad, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] (the, [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung] suggests to take a-cit as a f. ‘not-knowledge’ [Sāyaṇa] sometimes explains by √ci, ‘neglecting the Agnicayana, irreligious’)

4) [v.s. ...] f. not-spirit, matter, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) Ācit (आचित्):—[=ā-cit] 1. ā-√cit ([imperative] 2. sg. -cikiddhi; perf. 3. sg. -ciketa)

—to attend to, keep in mind, [Ṛg-veda];—([subjunctive] 1. sg. -ciketam; perf. 3. sg. -ciketa, p. m. [nominative case] -cikitvān)

—to comprehend, understand, know, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda v, 1, 2];

—to invent, [Ṛg-veda viii, 9, 7];—([subjunctive] -cetat or -ciketat; perf. [Ātmanepada] 3. [plural] -cikitre or -cikitrire)

—to appear, become visible, distinguish one’s self, [Ṛg-veda] :—[Desiderative] (1. [plural] -cikitsāmas) to wait for, watch clandestinely, lurk, [Ṛg-veda viii, 91, 3.]

6) [v.s. ...] 2. ā-cit f. attention to ([genitive case]), [Ṛg-veda vii, 65, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acit (अचित्):—(ved.) I. [tatpurusha compound] m. (-t) One who does not perform the ceremony of the agnicayana q. v., one who is impious. E. a neg. and cit (collecting). Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n. (-t) Without understanding, foolish. E. a priv. and cit (understanding).

[Sanskrit to German]

Acit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Acit (अचित्):—(a) devoid of consciousness.

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