Jalpa: 20 definitions


Jalpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jalpa (जल्प).—A sage of the Tāmasa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nyāya

Jalpa (जल्प) refers to “wrangling”. It is one of the sixteen categories of discussion (padārtha) according to the doctrine of the Nyāya-sūtras by Akṣapāda. The sixteen padārthas represent a method of intellectual analysis and categorize everything that is knowable and nameable.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Jalpa (जल्प, “wrangling”) refers to the eleventh of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”) in the first chapter of Gautama’s Nyāyasūtra (2nd century CE). Jalpa is wrangling in which both the parties try to establish their own position without rule and regulation. They state unjustifiable arguments and reasons with full confidence to show their truth. Sometimes lawyers use this process. In the Nyāyasūtra jalpa is stated to be that in which to defend or attack of proposition through quibbles, futilities and other processes.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Jalpa (जल्प) refers to “logical argument that utilizes continuous fault-finding of the opponent’s statements to establish one’s own opinion”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Jaiva-dharma

Jalpa (जल्प) or Citrajalpa refers to the “discourses that occur when one meets a friend of one’s beloved”, according to a discussion between Vijaya Kumāra and Śrī Gopāla Guru Gosvāmī.—When mohana-bhāva attains a unique, indescribable mode of behavior, developing into a wondrous condition that resembles a state of utter confusion, then it is divya-unmāda. It has many different features such as udghūrṇā and citrajalpa. [...] Citrajalpa consists of the discourses that occur when one meets a friend of one’s beloved. They are full of intense longing, and they arise from bhāvas such as jealousy, envy, restlessness, pride, and eagerness.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Jalpa (जल्प):—[jalpaḥ] To argue and defend one’s own view in a debate

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jalpa (जल्प).—m S jalpanā f (S) Chattering, prating, talking much and foolishly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jalpa (जल्प).—m jalpanā f Chattering, talking much and foolishly.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jalpa (जल्प).—[jalp bhāve ghañ]

1) Talk, speech.

2) Discourse, conversation.

3) Babble, prattling, gossip;

4) Debate, wrangling discussion.

Derivable forms: jalpaḥ (जल्पः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jalpa (जल्प).—m., or better jalpā (= Pali jappā, desire), desire: in Mahāvastu iii.284.19 (verse) mss. sarvāṃ prahāya bhavalo- bhajalpaṃ, not to be emended; same verse in Pali SN i.123.8 chetvāna (v.l. hitvāna) sabbaṃ bhavalobhajappaṃ. It is tempting to interpret in the same way such passages as Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 186.8, 9 (verses) jalpaprapañcābhiratā hi bālās… jalpo hi traidhātukaduḥkhayonis, fools delight in jalpa and idle fancies (? see prapañca)…for jalpa is the source of the misery of the universe. This seems more naturally to mean desire than (idle) talk; but according to Suzuki's Index Tibetan (smra ba) supports the latter; this might however only mean that Tibetan knew the regular Sanskrit jalpa and had lost the tradition of the old word represented by Pali jappā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalpa (जल्प).—m.

(-lpaḥ) 1. Dissention, wrangling. 2. Prate, babble. 3. (In Logic.) Refutation of an advesary’s arguments, and assertion of one’s own. E. jalpa to speak, affix bhāva ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalpa (जल्प).—[jalp + a], m. and n. 1. Words, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 7, 17. 2. Prate. Mahābhārata 1, 566.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalpa (जल्प).—[masculine] na [neuter] chat, talk, conversation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jalpa (जल्प):—[from jalp] m. ([gana] uñchādi) talk, speech, discourse (also [plural]), [Mahābhārata xiii, 4322; Pāṇini 4-4, 97; Daśakumāra-carita; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) chatter, gossip, [x, 47, 13]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of disputation (overbearing reply and disputed rejoinder), [Nyāya; Caraka iii, 8; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Madhusūdana; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Ṛṣi, [Matsya-purāṇa ix, 16]

5) [v.s. ...] n. for lpya, [Mahābhārata i, 5066 (C); Rāmāyaṇa ii, 60, 14]

6) [v.s. ...] cf. citra-, bahu-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalpa (जल्प):—(lpaḥ) 1. m. Dissention; prate.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jalpa (जल्प) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jappa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jalpa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jalpa (जल्प):—(nm) sophistry.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jalpa (ಜಲ್ಪ):—

1) [noun] the sensible sound uttered by a person; a talk; a speech.

2) [noun] confused, incoherent talk or vocal sounds.

3) [noun] idle, insensible or useless talk.

4) [noun] the act of discussing; talk or writing in which the pros and cons or various aspects of a subject are talk or writing in which the pros and cons or various aspects of a subject are considered; a discussion.

5) [noun] a wrangling discussion to establish one’s dogma, condemning another’s.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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