Kata, aka: Kaṭa; 7 Definition(s)


Kata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kata (कत).—A Kauśika and a sage.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 118.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

kata : (pp. of karoti) done; made; finished; fulfilled. (m.), a mat; the cheek. || kāṭa (m.), the male organ.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kata, (& sometimes kaṭa) (pp. of karoti) done, worked, made. Extremely rare as v. trs. in the common meaning of E. make, Ger. machen, or Fr. faire (see the cognate kapp and jan, also uppajjati & vissajjati); its proper sphere of application is either ethical (as pāpaṃ, kusalaṃ, kammaṃ: cp. II. 1 b) or in such combinations, where its original meaning of “built, prepared, worked out” is still preserved (cp. I. 1 a nagara, and 2 a).

I. As verb-determinant (predicative).—1. in verbal function (Pass.) with nominal determination “done, made” (a) in predicative (epithetic) position: Dh. 17 (pāpaṃ me kataṃ evil has been done by me), 68 (tañ ca kammaṃ kataṃ), 150 (aṭṭhīnaṃ nagaraṃ kataṃ a city built of bones, of the body), 173 (yassa pāpaṃ kataṃ kammaṃ).—(b) in absolute (prothetic) position, often with expression of the agent in Instr. D. I, 84=177=M. I, 40=Sn. p. 16 (in formula kataṃ karanīyaṃ, etc., done is what had to be done, cp. arahant II. A.); Vin. III, 72 (kataṃ mayā kalyāṇaṃ akataṃ mayā pāpaṃ); Pv. I, 55 (amhākaṃ katā pūjā done to us is homage).—So also in composition (°-), e.g. (nahāpakehi) °parikammatā the preparations (being) finished (by the barbers) J. VI, 145; (tena) °paricaya the acquaintance made (with him) VvA. 24; PvA. 4; (tattha) °paricayatā the acquaintance (with that spot) VvA. 331; (tesaṃ) °pubba done before D. II, 75=A. IV, 17; (kena) J. VI, 575; °matta (made) drunk Th. 1, 199; (cira) °saṃsagga having (long) been in contact with, familiar J. III, 63 (and a°). 2. in adj. (med-passive) function (kaṭa & kata); either passive: made, or made of; done by=being like, consisting of; or medio-reflexive: one who has done, having done; also “with” (i.e. this or that action done).—(a) in pregnant meaning: prepared, cultivated, trained, skilled; kaṭ-âkaṭa prepared & natural Vin. I, 206 (of yūsa); akaṭa natural ibid. , not cultivated (of soil) Vin. I, 48= II. 209; DA. I, 78, 98; untrained J. III, 57, 58. -°atta selfpossessed, disciplined J. VI, 296; °indiya trained in his senses Th. 1, 725; °ûpāsana skilled, esp. in archery M. I, 82; S. I, 62; A. II, 48=IV. 429; S. I, 99; J. IV, 211; Miln. 352, °kamma practised, skilled J. V, 243; of a servant S. I, 205 (read āse for ase), of a thief A. III, 102 (cp. below II. 1 a); °phaṇa having (i.e. with) its hood erected, of a snake J. VI, 166; °buddhi of trained mind, clever J. III, 58; a° ibid.; °mallaka of made-up teeth, an artificial back-scratcher Vin. II, 316; a° not artificially made, the genuine article Vin. II, 106; °yogga trained serviceable S. I, 99; a° useless S. I, 98. °rūpa done naturally, spontaneously J. V, 317 (expld by °jāniya; °sabhāva); °veṇī having (i.e. with) the hair done up into a chignon J. V, 431; °hattha (one) who has exercised his hands, dexterous, skilful, esp. in archery M. I, 82; S. I, 62, 98; II, 266; A. II, 48; J. IV, 211, ; V, 41; VI, 448; Miln. 353; DhA. I, 358; a° unskilled, awkward S. I, 98; su° well-trained J V 41 (cp. °upāsana), °hatthika an artificial or toy-elephant J. VI, 551.—(b) in ordinary meaning: made or done; °kamma the deed done (in a former existence) J. I, 167; VvA. 252; PvA. 10; °piṭṭha made of flour (dough) PvA. 16 (of a doll); °bhāva the performance or happening of J. III, 400; Mhbv 33; °saṅketa (one who has made an agreement) J. V, 436 — (c) with adverbial determination (su°, du°; cp. dūrato, puro, atta, sayaṃ, & II. 2 c): sukata well laid out, of a road J. VI, 293, well built, of a cart Sn. 300=304; J. IV, 395, well done, i.e. good A. I, 102 (°kamma-kārin doing good works). —dukkata badly made, of a robe Vin. IV, 279 (ṭ), badly done, i.e. evil A. I, 102 (°kamma kārin); sukata-dukkata good & evil (°kammāni deeds) D. I, 27= 55=S. IV, 351; Miln. 5, 25. 3. as noun (nt.) kataṃ that which has been done, the deed.—(a) absolute: J. III, 26 (katassa appaṭikāraka not reciprocating the deed); V, 434 (kataṃ anukaroti he imitates what has been done) kat-âkataṃ what has been done & left undone Vin. IV, 211; katāni akatāni ca deeds done & not done Dh. 50.—(b) with adv. determination (su°, du°): sukataṃ goodness (in moral sense) Sn. 240; Dh. 314; dukkataṃ badness Vin. I, 76; II, 106; Dh. 314; dukkatakārin doing wrong Sn. 664.

II. As noun-determinant (attributive) in composition (var. applications & meanings).—1. As 1st pt. of compd: Impersonal, denoting the result or finishing of that which is implied in the object with ref. to the act or state resulting, i.e. “so and so made or done”; or personal, denoting the person affected by or concerned with the act. The lit. translation would be “having become one who has done” (act. : see a), or “to whom has been done” (pass. : see b).—(a) medio-active. Temporal: the action being done, i.e. “after. ” The noun-determinates usually bear a relation to time, especially to meal-times, as kat-anna-kicca having finished his meal Dāvs. I, 59; °bhatta-kicca after the meal J. IV, 123; PvA. 93; °purebhatta-kicca having finished the duties of the morning DA. I, 45 sq.; SnA 131 sq.; °pātarāsa breakfast J. I, 227; DhA. I, 117, a° before br. A. IV, 64; °pātarāsa-bhatta id. J. VI, 349; °ânumodana after thanking (for the meal) J. I, 304; °bhatt’ânumodana after expressing satisfaction with the meal PvA. 141. In the same application: kat-okāsa having made its appearance, of kamma Vv 329 (cp. VvA. 113); PvA. 63; °kamma (-cora) (a thief) who has just “done the deed, ” i.e. committed a theft J. III, 34; Vism. 180 (katakammā corā & akata° thieves who have finished their “job” & those who have not); DhA. II, 38 (corehi katakammaṃ the job done by the th.), cp. above I. 2 a; °kāla “done their time, ” deceased, of Petas J. III, 164 (pete kālakate); PvA. 29, cp. kāla; °cīvara after finishing his robe Vin. I, 255, 265; °paccuggamana having gone forth to meet J. III, 93. °paṇidhāna from the moment of his making an earnest resolve (to become a Buddha) VvA. 3; °pariyosita finished, ready, i.e. after the end was made VvA. 250; °buddha-kicca after he had done the obligations of a Buddha VvA. 165, 319; DA. I, 2; °maraṇa after dying, i.e. dead PvA. 29; °massu-kamma after having his beard done J. V, 309 (see note to II. 1 b).—Qualitative: with ethical import, the state resulting out of action, i.e. of such habit, or “like, of such character. ” The qualification is either made by kamma, deed, work, or kicca, what can be or ought to be done, or any other specified action, as °pāpa-kamma one who has done wrong DhA. I, 360 (& a°); °karaṇīya one who has done all that could be done, one who is in the state of perfection (an Arahant), in formula arahaṃ khīṇ’āsavo vusitavā ohitabhāro (cp. above I. 1 b & arahant II. A) M. I, 4, 235; It. 38; Miln. 138; °kicca having performed his obligations, perfected, Ep. of an Arahant, usually in combn with anāsava S. I, 47, 178; Dh. 386; Pv. II, 615; Th. 2, 337, as adj. : kata-kiccāni hi arahato indriyāni Nett 20; °kiccatā the perfection of Arahantship Miln. 339.—With other determinations: —āgasa one who has done evil Sdhp. 294. —âdhikāra having exerted oneself, one who strives after the right path J. I, 56; Miln. 115. —âparādha guilty, a transgressor J. III, 42. —âbhinihāra (one) who has formed the resolution (to become a Buddha) J. I, 2; DhA. I, 135. —âbhinivesa (one) who studies intently, or one who has made a strong determination J. I, 110 (& a°). —ussāha energetic Sdhp. 127. —kalyāṇa in passage kata-kalyāno kata-kusalo katabhīruttāṇo akata-pāpo akata-luddho (luddo) (: °thaddho It) akata-kibbiso having done good, of good character, etc. A. II, 174=Vin. III, 72=It. 25=DhsA. 383; PvA. 174; also Pass. to whom something good has been done J. I, 137; III, 12; Pv. II, 99; akata-kalyāṇa a man of bad actions It. 25; Pv. II, 79. —kibbisa a guilty person M. I, 39; Vin. III, 72 (a°), of beings tormented in Purgatory Pv IV. 77; PvA. 59. —kusala a good man: see °kalyāṇa. —thaddha hard-hearted, unfeeling, cruel: see °kalyāṇa. —nissama untiring, valiant, bold J. V, 243. —parappavāda practised in disputing with others DA. I, 117. —pāpa an evil-doer It. 25; Pv. II, 79 (+ akata-kalyāṇa); PvA. 5; a°: see °kalyāṇa. —puñña one who has done good deeds, a good man D. II, 144; Dh. 16, 18, 220; Pv III, 52; Miln. 129; PvA. 5, 176; a° one who has not done good (in previous lives) Miln. 250; VvA. 94. —puññatā the fact of having done good deeds D. III, 276 (pubbe in former births); A. II, 31; Sn. 260, cp. KhA 132, 230; J. II, 114. —bahukāra having done much favour, obliging Dāvs. IV, 39. —bhīruttāṇa one who has offered protection to the fearful: see °kalyāṇa. —bhūmikamma one who has laid the ground-work (of sanctification) Miln. 352. —ludda cruel M. III, 165; a° gentle Nett 180; cp °kalyāṇa. —vināsaka (one) who has caused ruin J. I, 467. —vissāsa trusting, confiding J. I, 389. —ssama painstaking, taking trouble Sdhp. 277 (and a°).—(b) medio-passive: The state as result of an action, which affected the person concerned with the action (reflexive or passive), or “possessed of, afflicted or affected with. ” In this application it is simply periphrastic for the ordinary Passive.—Note. In the case of the noun being incapable of functioning as verb (when primary), the object in question is specified by °kamma or °kicca, both of which are then only supplementary to the initial kata°, e.g. kata-massu-kamma “having had the beard (-doing) done, ” as diff. fr. secondary nouns (i.e. verb-derivations). e.g. kat-âbhiseka “having had the anointing done. ” — In this application: °citta-kamma decorated, variegated DhA. I, 192; °daṇḍa-kamma afflicted with punishment (=daṇḍāyita punished) Vin. I, 76; °massu-kamma with trimmed beard, after the beard-trimming J. V, 309 (cp. J. III, 11 & karana).—Various combinations: katañjalin with raised hands, as a token of veneration or supplication Sn. 1023; Th. 2, 482; J. I, 17=Bu 24, 27; PvA. 50, 141; VvA. 78. —attha one who has received benefits J. I, 378. —ânuggaha assisted, aided J. II, 449; VvA. 102. —âbhiseka anointed, consecrated Mhvs 26, 6. —ûpakāra assisted, befriended J. I, 378; PvA. 116. —okāsa one who has been given permission, received into audience, or permitted to speak Vin. I, 7; D. II, 39, 277; Sn. 1030, 1031 (°âva°); J. V, 140; VI, 341; Miln. 95. —jātihiṅgulika done up, adorned with pure vermilion J. III, 303. —nāmadheyya having received a name, called J. V, 492. —paṭisanthāra having been received kindly J. VI, 160; DhA. I, 80. —pariggaha being taken to wife, married to (Instr.) PvA. 161 (& a°). —paritta one on whom a protective spell has been worked, charm-protected Miln. 152. —bhaddaka one to whom good has been done PvA. 116. —sakkāra honoured, revered J. V, 353; Mhvs 9, 8 (su°). —saṅgaha one who has taken part in the redaction of the Scriptures Mhvs 5, 106. —sannāha clad in armour DhA. I, 358. —sikkha (having been) trained Miln. 353.—2. As 2nd pt. of compd: Denoting the performance of the verbal notion with ref. to the object affected by it, i.e. simply a Passive of the verb implied in the determinant, with emphasis of the verb-notion: “made so & so, used as, reduced to” (garukata=garavita). ‹-› (a) with nouns (see s. v.) e.g. , anabhāva-kata, kavi°, kāla-vaṇṇa° (reduced to a black colour) Vin. I, 48= II. 209, tāl’āvatthu°, pamāṇa°, bahuli°, yāni°, saṅkhār’ûpekkhā°, etc.—(b) with adjectives, e.g. garu°, bahu°.—(c) with adverbial substitutes, e.g. atta°, para° (paraṃ°), sacchi°, sayaṃ, etc. (Page 181)

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1) Kaṭa, 3 =kata (pp. of karoti) in meaning of “original, ” good (cp. sat); as nt. “the lucky die” in phrase kaṭag‹-› gaha (see below). Also in combn with su° & duk° for sukata & dukkata (e.g. Vin. II, 289; DhA. III, 486; IV, 150), and in meaning of “bad, evil” in kaṭana. Cp. also kali.

—ggaha “he who throws the lucky die, ” one who is lucky, fortunate, in phrase “ubhayattha k. ” lucky in both worlds, i.e. here & beyond Th. 1, 462; J. IV, 322 (=jayaggaha victorious C.); cp. Morris in J. P. T. S. 1887, 159. Also in “ubhayam ettha k. ” S. IV, 351 sq.—Opposed to kali the unlucky die, in phrase kaliṃ gaṇhāti to have bad luck J. VI, 206 (kaliggaha=parājayasaṃkhāta, i.e. one who is defeated, as opp. to kaṭaggaha=jayasaṅkhāta), 228, 282. (Page 176)

2) Kaṭa, 2 another form of kaṭi (hip), only used in cpds. :

—aṭṭhika the hip-bone D. II, 296=M. I, 58, 89=M. III, 92 (as v. l.). Note. kaṭiṭṭhika at M. III, 92 and as v. l. at D. II, 296.—sāṭaka a loin-cloth J. IV, 248. (Page 176)

3) Kaṭa, 1 (Sk. kaṭa from kṛṇatti: to do wicker-work, roll up, plait; *gert, cp. Gr. kaρtalos, Lat. cratis=E. crate, Goth. haurds, E. hurdle) a mat: see cpds. & kaṭallaka.

—sara a reed: Saccharum Sara, used as medicine DhsA. 78. —sāra (DhA. I, 268) & sāraka a mat for sitting or lying on, made of the stalks of the screw-pine, Pandanus Furcatus J. VI, 474; V, 97; DA. I, 137; DhA. II, 183 (Page 176)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kaṭa (कट).—m (S) A combination, confederacy, league. 2 A ring around a matchlock, securing the barrel in its socket, or around a satāra or guitar: also a tie around the sāndha or line of junction of the loops of a cross-wound mass of thread. 3 Caked or deeply insinuated dirt, grime. 4 (kaṣṭa) Pains, labor, toil. Used pl and with khā, bhōga. 5 A dense form of array (of troops &c.); a close column. 6 In dice-playing. A square of which the Songṭi is not to be touched. 7 A cap of leather (as attached to a tent wall to secure the ends of the sticks; or as sewn on to the fly and shell where the ropes are to be fastened): also an edging or a border of leather gen. 8 A decoction of any kind of pulse (sometimes of corn) in preparation for certain dishes. Applied laxly to water in which dirty cloths &c. have been dipped. 9 A decoction of iron with myrobalans. 10 A measure, esp. of kaḍabā, a quantity enclosed by a cord of a certain length.

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kaṭā (कटा).—An interjection or ejaculation of sudden pain. v mhaṇa. See hāya.

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kaṭā (कटा).—m See kaṭṭā. A raised place &c.

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kāṭa (काट).—m Ingrained or thickly caked dirt, grime. 2 A composition (of talc, gum &c.) for raising figures on cloth. 3 n A decoction of nācaṇī, bāja- rī &c. to make ink. 4 n Sauce made of the vetch kuḷīta. 5 m n The water in which betelnut, or coloring substances, or pulse have been boiled. 6 The juice of the rātambā used in preparing 'Amsol. 7 n C Loppings of bushes. 8 A little pile (as of betel leaves &c.) 9 (kāṭaṇēṃ) A cut heap or parcel of a pack of cards. 10 m A deeply laid plot or plan; a counsel of shrewd contrivance. 11 Economy, management, arrangement, order (of a kingdom, establishment, house).

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kāta (कात).—m (kkātha S) An astringent extract obtained from Mimosa chadira or catechu, from Phyllanthus emblica, from Acacia Arabica &c. It contains much tannin. It is the same with Catechu or Terra Japonica. ēvaḍhyānēṃ kāya kāta hōṇāra A phrase used in ridiculing, as utterly inadequate, materials or means presented for an end.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṭa (कट).—m A combination, league, conspiracy.

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kāṭā (काटा).—m A thorn. Balance. A pest. Erection of the hair of the body. The tongue (of a lock). The back-bone The hand of a watch. Congelations or crystals. kāṇṭā upaṭaṇēṃ Pluck up the very root of–any mischief or mischievous person. kāṇṭyācā nāyaṭā hōṇēṃ The rising of a great evil from a small one.

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kāta (कात) [-tha, -थ].—m Catechu.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṭa (कट).—1 A straw mat; Ms.2.24.

2) The hip; Mb.13.53.42.

3) Hip and loins; the hollow above the hips.

4) The temples of an elephant; कण्डूयमानेन कटं कदाचित् (kaṇḍūyamānena kaṭaṃ kadācit) R.2.37,3.37,4.47.

5) A particular throw of the dice in hazard; नर्दितदर्शितमार्गः कटेन विनिपातितो यामि (narditadarśitamārgaḥ kaṭena vinipātito yāmi) Mk.2.8.

6) A kind of grass; दग्धव्यौ वा कटाग्निना (dagdhavyau vā kaṭāgninā) Ms.8.377.

7) Excess (as in utkaṭa).

8) A corpse; कट- धूमस्य सौरभ्यमवघ्राय व्रजौकसः (kaṭa- dhūmasya saurabhyamavaghrāya vrajaukasaḥ) Bhāg.1.6.41.

9) A hearse, bier.

1) An arrow.

11) A custom.

12) A cemetery, burial ground.

13) A time or season.

14) The plant Saccharum Sara (śara).

15) An annual plant.

16) Grass (in general).

17) A thin piece of wood, plank.

18) See कटाक्ष (kaṭākṣa); घ्नन्तीवैक्षत्कटाक्षेपौः (ghnantīvaikṣatkaṭākṣepauḥ) Bhāg.1.32.6.

-ṭī Long pepper.

-ṭam Dust of flowers.

Derivable forms: kaṭaḥ (कटः).

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Kata (कत).—[kaṃ jalaṃ śuddhaṃ tanoti tan -ḍa Tv.] The clearing-nut plant, (Mar. nivaḷī) (the nut of which is said to clear muddy water); फलं कतकवृक्षस्य यद्यप्यम्वु- प्रसादनम् । न नामग्रहणादेव तस्य वारि प्रसीदति (phalaṃ katakavṛkṣasya yadyapyamvu- prasādanam | na nāmagrahaṇādeva tasya vāri prasīdati) || Ms.6.67.

-tam, -takam The nut of this tree, see अम्बुप्रसादन (ambuprasādana) also.

Derivable forms: kataḥ (कतः).

See also (synonyms): kataka.

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Kāṭa (काट).—A well, hole, ditch; Rv.1.16.6; श्लोणया काटमर्दति (śloṇayā kāṭamardati) Av.12.4.3.

Derivable forms: kāṭaḥ (काटः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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