Katham, aka: Kathaṃ; 3 Definition(s)


Katham means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Katham in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kathaṃ : (adv.) how?

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Katham (कथम्).—ind. [kim-prakārārthe thamu kādeśaśca]

1) How, in what way, in what manner, whence; कथं मारात्मके त्वयि विश्वासः (kathaṃ mārātmake tvayi viśvāsaḥ) H.1; अथ स वैद्यः कथम् (atha sa vaidyaḥ katham) Mu.2 'well, how did the physician fare'; सानुबन्धाः कथं न स्युः संपदो मे निरापदः (sānubandhāḥ kathaṃ na syuḥ saṃpado me nirāpadaḥ) R.1.64,3.44; कथमात्मानं निवेदयामि कथं वाऽऽत्मापहारं करोमि (kathamātmānaṃ nivedayāmi kathaṃ vā''tmāpahāraṃ karomi) Ś.1 (where the speaker is doubtful as to the propriety of what he says).

2) Oh what indeed ! (expressing surprise); कथं मामेवोद्दिशति (kathaṃ māmevoddiśati) Ś.6.

3) It is often connected with the particles इव, नाम, नु, वा (iva, nāma, nu, vā), or स्वित् (svit) in the sense of, 'how indeed', 'how possibly', 'I should like to know', (where the question is generalized); कथं वा गम्यते (kathaṃ vā gamyate) U.3; कथं नामैतत् (kathaṃ nāmaitat) U.6.

4) When connected with the particles चित्, चन (cit, cana) or अपि (api) it means 'in every way', 'on any account', 'somehow', 'with great difficulty', 'with great efforts'; तस्य स्थित्वा कथमपि पुरः (tasya sthitvā kathamapi puraḥ) Me.3; कथमप्युन्नमितं न चुम्बितं तु (kathamapyunnamitaṃ na cumbitaṃ tu) Ś.3.24; न लोकवृत्तं वर्तेत वृत्तिहेतोः कथंचन (na lokavṛttaṃ varteta vṛttihetoḥ kathaṃcana) Ms. 4.11,5.143; कथंचिदीशा मनसां बभूवुः (kathaṃcidīśā manasāṃ babhūvuḥ) Ku.3.34; कथं कथमपि उत्थितः (kathaṃ kathamapi utthitaḥ) Pt.1; विसृज्य कथमप्युमाम् (visṛjya kathamapyumām) Ku.6.3; Me.22; Amaru.12,39,5,73; Pt.1.

5) Scarcely, hardly; कथमपि भुवनेऽस्मिंस्तादृशाः संभवन्ति (kathamapi bhuvane'smiṃstādṛśāḥ saṃbhavanti) Māl.2.9.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Katham (कथम्).—ind. 1. A particle of interrogation, (how, what.) 2. Also implying mode, (how, in what manner.) 3. A particle of amazement or surprise. 4. Of pleasure. 5. Of abuse. 6. Of interrogation, implying doubt. E. kim what, and thamu aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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