Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.49.98

इत्येवमुक्त्वा पुनराह पार्थो युधिष्ठिरं धर्मभृतां वरिष्ठम् ।
अप्यपुत्रा तेन राधा भवित्री कुन्ती मया वा तदृतं विद्धि राजन् ।
प्रसीद राजन्क्षम यन्मयोक्तं काले भवान्वेत्स्यति तन्नमस्ते ॥ ९८ ॥

ityevamuktvā punarāha pārtho yudhiṣṭhiraṃ dharmabhṛtāṃ variṣṭham |
apyaputrā tena rādhā bhavitrī kuntī mayā vā tadṛtaṃ viddhi rājan |
prasīda rājankṣama yanmayoktaṃ kāle bhavānvetsyati tannamaste || 98 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...cars and the tops of their standards on all sides, I am greatly afflicted. The king is in pain. The diadem-decked Arjuna also has not yet come. These things, O Suta, fill my heart with sorrow. Even this is my grief...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.49.98). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iti, Itya, Evam, Eva, Uktva, Punar, Ahan, Partha, Yudhishthira, Dharmabhrit, Varishtha, Api, Apya, Aputra, Tad, Tena, Radha, Bhavitri, Kunti, Maya, Tat, Ritam, Rita, Rajan, Rajat, Pra, Sida, Kshama, Yanmaya, Ukta, Kale, Kala, Bhava, Bhavant, Vetsyat, Tan, Ama, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.49.98). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ityevamuktvā punarāha pārtho yudhiṣṭhiraṃ dharmabhṛtāṃ variṣṭham
  • itye -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ityā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √i class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √i class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √i class 2 verb], [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ityā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √i class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √i class 2 verb]
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uktvā -
  • uktvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vac -> uktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vac]
    vac -> uktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vac]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • āha -
  • āhan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third single]
  • pārtho* -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yudhiṣṭhiram -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • dharmabhṛtām -
  • dharmabhṛt (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • variṣṭham -
  • variṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    variṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    variṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “apyaputrā tena rādhā bhavitrī kuntī mayā tadṛtaṃ viddhi rājan
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • aputrā -
  • aputrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • rādhā* -
  • rādha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rādhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhavitrī -
  • bhavitrī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • kuntī -
  • kuntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    kunti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • mayā* -
  • maya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ṛtam -
  • ṛtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • viddhi -
  • viddhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • Line 3: “prasīda rājankṣama yanmayoktaṃ kāle bhavānvetsyati tannamaste
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • sīda -
  • sīda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sīda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • kṣama -
  • kṣama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yanmayo -
  • yanmaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yanmaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • uktam -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bhavān -
  • bhava (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vetsyati -
  • vid -> vetsyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vid class 2 verb]
    vid -> vetsyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vid class 2 verb]
    vid -> vetsyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vetsyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vyadh -> vetsyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vyadh class 4 verb]
    vyadh -> vetsyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vyadh class 4 verb]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [future active third single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [future active third single]
    vyadh (verb class 4)
    [future active third single]
  • tann -
  • tan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • amas -
  • ama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.49.98

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.49.98 in Kannada sript:
ಇತ್ಯೇವಮುಕ್ತ್ವಾ ಪುನರಾಹ ಪಾರ್ಥೋ ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಂ ಧರ್ಮಭೃತಾಂ ವರಿಷ್ಠಮ್ ।
ಅಪ್ಯಪುತ್ರಾ ತೇನ ರಾಧಾ ಭವಿತ್ರೀ ಕುನ್ತೀ ಮಯಾ ವಾ ತದೃತಂ ವಿದ್ಧಿ ರಾಜನ್ ।
ಪ್ರಸೀದ ರಾಜನ್ಕ್ಷಮ ಯನ್ಮಯೋಕ್ತಂ ಕಾಲೇ ಭವಾನ್ವೇತ್ಸ್ಯತಿ ತನ್ನಮಸ್ತೇ ॥ ೯೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.49.98 in Bengali sript:
ইত্যেবমুক্ত্বা পুনরাহ পার্থো যুধিষ্ঠিরং ধর্মভৃতাং বরিষ্ঠম্ ।
অপ্যপুত্রা তেন রাধা ভবিত্রী কুন্তী মযা বা তদৃতং বিদ্ধি রাজন্ ।
প্রসীদ রাজন্ক্ষম যন্মযোক্তং কালে ভবান্বেত্স্যতি তন্নমস্তে ॥ ৯৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.49.98 in Gujarati sript:
ઇત્યેવમુક્ત્વા પુનરાહ પાર્થો યુધિષ્ઠિરં ધર્મભૃતાં વરિષ્ઠમ્ ।
અપ્યપુત્રા તેન રાધા ભવિત્રી કુન્તી મયા વા તદૃતં વિદ્ધિ રાજન્ ।
પ્રસીદ રાજન્ક્ષમ યન્મયોક્તં કાલે ભવાન્વેત્સ્યતિ તન્નમસ્તે ॥ ૯૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.49.98 in Malayalam sript:
ഇത്യേവമുക്ത്വാ പുനരാഹ പാര്ഥോ യുധിഷ്ഠിരം ധര്മഭൃതാം വരിഷ്ഠമ് ।
അപ്യപുത്രാ തേന രാധാ ഭവിത്രീ കുന്തീ മയാ വാ തദൃതം വിദ്ധി രാജന് ।
പ്രസീദ രാജന്ക്ഷമ യന്മയോക്തം കാലേ ഭവാന്വേത്സ്യതി തന്നമസ്തേ ॥ ൯൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.49.98 in Telugu sript:
ఇత్యేవముక్త్వా పునరాహ పార్థో యుధిష్ఠిరం ధర్మభృతాం వరిష్ఠమ్ ।
అప్యపుత్రా తేన రాధా భవిత్రీ కున్తీ మయా వా తదృతం విద్ధి రాజన్ ।
ప్రసీద రాజన్క్షమ యన్మయోక్తం కాలే భవాన్వేత్స్యతి తన్నమస్తే ॥ ౯౮ ॥

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