Rita, Ṛta: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṛta can be transliterated into English as Rta or Rita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Reet.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social

Ṛta (ऋत, “cosmic order”).—India has a very ancient history of thinking about ethics. Its central concepts are represented in Ṛgveda, one of oldest knowledge texts not only of India but of the entire world. In Ṛgveda, we come across the idea of an all-pervading cosmic order (ṛta) which stands for harmony and balance in nature and in human society. Here ṛta is described as a power or force which is the controller of the forces of nature and of moral values in human society. In human society, when this harmony and balance are disturbed, there is disorder and suffering. This is the power or force that lies behind nature and keeps everything in balance.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Ṛta (विजय):—Son of Vijaya (son of Jaya, who was the son of Śruta). He had a son named Śunaka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.25-26)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ṛta (ऋत).—One of the 11 Rudras. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 150, Verse 12).

2) Ṛta (ऋत).—See under the word Pramṛta.

3) Ṛta (ऋत).—This word has a general meaning "truth". Besides, in Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 152, we see that it also means "Something obtained by begging".

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ṛta (ऋत).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16.

1b) The son of Vijaya and father of Sunaka (Sunaya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 25-26; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 22. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.

1c) A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 12.

1d) A Sukha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 18.

1e) The 12th Manu of the future.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 36.

1f) A son of Aṅgiras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 2.

1g) One of the names of the third marut gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 43; 67. 126.

1h) A god of ābhūtarayas group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 55.

1i) A name for saṃvatsara, and ṛtus from ṛta.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 21.

2) Rita (रित).—One of the 20 Sutapa gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Ṛta (ऋतं): Vedic principle of natural order believed to regulate and coordinate the operation of the universe on the natural, moral and sacrificial levels.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ritā (रिता).—a (rikta S) Empty. 2 It will occasionally be met with in all, and more especially in the first five, senses of the word rikāmā, to which therefore turn. 3 (Chiefly in poetry.) Devoid, destitute, wanting, standing or being without.

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rīta (रीत).—f The popular contraction of rīti.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ritā (रिता).—a Empty. Devoid, destitute; see rikāmā.

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rīta (रीत).—f A manner; habit, custom; fashion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṛta (ऋत).—a. [ṛ-kta]

1) Proper, right.

2) Honest, true; सर्वमेतदृतं मन्ये यन्मां वदसि केशव (sarvametadṛtaṃ manye yanmāṃ vadasi keśava) Bg.1.14; Ms.8.82.

3) Worshipped, respected.

4) Bright, luminous (dīpta)

5) Gone, risen, moved, affected by; सुखेन ऋतः (sukhena ṛtaḥ) = सुखार्तः ऋते च तृतीयासमासे (sukhārtaḥ ṛte ca tṛtīyāsamāse) Vārt. on P.VI.1.89; so दुःखः°, काम° (duḥkhaḥ°, kāma°).

-tam ind. Rightly, properly.

-taḥ 1 A sacrifice.

2) The sun (n. also).

-tam (Not usually found in classical literature)

1) A fixed or settled rule, law (religious).

2) Sacred custom, pious action. यस्तनोति सतां सेतुमृतेनामृतयोनिना (yastanoti satāṃ setumṛtenāmṛtayoninā) Mb.12.47.49.

3) Divine law, divine truth.

4) Absolution. मर्त्यानामृतमिच्छताम् (martyānāmṛtamicchatām) Bhāg.1.16.7.

5) Water; सत्यं त्वा ऋतेन परिषिञ्चामि (satyaṃ tvā ṛtena pariṣiñcāmi).

6) Truth (in general), right; ऋतं वदिष्यामि (ṛtaṃ vadiṣyāmi) T. Up.1.1.1. ऋतानृते (ṛtānṛte) Ms.1.29, 2.52,8.61,14.

7) Truth (personified as an object of worship; in later Sanskrit regarded as a child of Dharma).

8) Livelihood by picking or gleaning grains in a field (as opposed to the cultivation of ground); ऋतमुञ्च्छशिलं वृत्तम् (ṛtamuñcchaśilaṃ vṛttam) Ms.4.4.

9) The fruit of an action; एकं चक्रं वर्तते द्वादशारं षण्णाभिमेकाक्षमृतस्य धारणम् (ekaṃ cakraṃ vartate dvādaśāraṃ ṣaṇṇābhimekākṣamṛtasya dhāraṇam) Mb.1.3. 62.

1) Agreeable speech; ऋतं च सूनृता वाणी कविभिः परिकीर्तिता (ṛtaṃ ca sūnṛtā vāṇī kavibhiḥ parikīrtitā) Bhāg.11.19.38.

11) Name of an Āditya.

12) The Supreme Spirit. (In the Vedas ṛta is usually interpreted by Sāyaṇa to mean 'water', 'sun' or 'sacrifice', where European scholars take it in the sense of 'divine truth', 'faith' &c.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛta (ऋत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Gone. 2. Enlightened, luminous. 3. Worshipped, respected. 4. True. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Gleaning. 2. Water. 3. Truth. E. to go, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛta (ऋत).—[ṛ + ta], I. adj., f. , True, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 82. Ii. n. 1. Truth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 31, 19. 2. Gleaning, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛta (ऋत).—[adjective] right, true, honest, fit, proper. [neuter] & [instrumental] ṛteṇa [adverb]; [neuter] as subst. right way. established order, divine law, pious work; righteousness, faith, truth, oath.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṛta (ऋत):—[from ] a mf(ā)n. met with, afflicted by (with [instrumental case]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v]

2) [v.s. ...] proper, right, fit, apt, suitable, able, brave, honest, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvii, 82]

3) [v.s. ...] true, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Manu-smṛti viii, 82; 87; Bhagavad-gītā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] worshipped, respected, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] enlightened, luminous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Rudra, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Cākṣuṣa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 13, 16]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vijaya, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] n. fixed or settled order, law, rule ([especially] in religion)

10) [v.s. ...] sacred or pious action or custom, divine law, faith, divine truth (these meanings are given by, [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch] and are generally more to be accepted than those of native authorities and marked, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] below), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] truth in general, righteousness, right, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti viii, 61; 104; Pañcatantra] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] figuratively said of gleaning (as the right means of a Brāhman’s obtaining a livelihood as opposed to agriculture, which is anṛta), [Manu-smṛti iv, 4 ff.]

13) [v.s. ...] promise, oath, vow, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Lāṭyāyana]

14) [v.s. ...] truth personified (as an object of worship, and hence enumerated among the sacred objects in the [Nirukta, by Yāska])

15) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] sacrifice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] a particular sacrifice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] wealth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) b ṛti, ṛtu See p. 223, col. 2 - p. 224, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛta (ऋत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Gone; bright true. n. Gleaning; water; truth

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ṛta (ऋत):—

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Ṛta (ऋत):—

1) c) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 42, 24.] —

4) a) [Sp. 1047, Z. 1 lies 6, 114, 1. 2.] Z. 2 füge hinzu: tābhyo na ṛtaṃ brūhi gieb uns eine Versicherung [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 21, 2, 1.] ṛtamuktvā prasarpanti so v. a. einen Eid schwörend [18, 2, 9.] [LĀṬY. 8, 9, 12.] — b) γ) [Z. 4 lies 12, 1, 61 Stenzler 12, 1, 64.] — c) ṛtaṃ kurvan (Jmd) die Wahrheit lehrend [Mahābhārata 5, 1692.] [Nīlakaṇṭha] : ṛtaṃ brahma kurvan vācā āviṣkurvan .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ṛta (ऋत) [Also spelled hrit]:—(nm) truth; righteousness; divine law.

2) Rīta (रीत) [Also spelled reet]:—(nf) see [rīti].

3) Rītā (रीता):—(a) empty; vacant, void; ~[pana] emptiness, vacancy, voidness.

4) Rita in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) method, manner, mode; custom, way, practice, vogue; tradition; style; -[gramtha] one of a class of books defining various classifications of heroes, heroines, figures of speech, etc. and setting forth illustrations thereof; ~[baddha] stylised; traditionalised; ~[mukta] destylised, free from traditionality; -[rivaja] customs; traditions; ~[vidhana] methodology..—rita (रीति) is alternatively transliterated as Rīti.

context information

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