Kunti, Kuntī: 22 definitions
Kunti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Kuntī (कुन्ती).—The mother of the Pāṇḍavas and Lord Kṛṣṇa’s aunt in the Mahābhārata. She was the daughter of Śūrasena and the sister of Vasudeva. She was adopted by King Kuntībhoja and later married King Pāṇḍu. Her other name is Pṛthā.Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Kuntī (कुन्ती) refers to:—(or Pṛthā) Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s aunt. She was the daughter of Śūrasena, the sister of Vasudeva, the wife of Pāṇḍu, and the mother of the three eldest Pāṇḍavas and Karna. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Kuntī (कुन्ती):—Wife of Pāṇḍu (one of the sons of Vyāsa (or Bādarāyaṇa)). She bore to him three sons (Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma and Arjuna) through Dharmarāja (god of the wind), as Pāṇḍu was restrained from sexual life due to a curse. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.25)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Kuntī (कुन्ती).—(PṚTHĀ). Wife of King Pāṇḍu and the mother of the Pāṇḍavas, Kuntī is a noble heroine in the Mahābhārata. Birth. Kuntī was the sister of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s father Vasudeva. Her real name was Pṛthā. Vasudeva and Pṛthā were the children of King Śūrasena of the Yādava dynasty. King Kuntibhoja was the son of Śūrasena’s sister. He had no issues. Śūrasena had promised to give the daughter first born to him as the adopted daughter of Kuntibhoja, and accordingly his first-born daughter Pṛthā was given to Kuntibhoja, and Kuntī was brought up in his palace. From that day onwards Pṛthā came to be known as Kuntī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 111). (See full article at Story of Kuntī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Kunti (कुन्ति).—A particular region in ancient India. The warriors there were known as Kuntis. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 34, Verse 11).
3) Kunti (कुन्ति).—An urban area in ancient India. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 27).
4) Kunti (कुन्ति).—A King born in the Yayāti dynasty.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Kunti (कुन्ति).—The son of Dharmanetra and father of Samjaya (Sohañji, Bhāgavata-purāṇa), (Sahajit, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 22. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 5; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 11. 8.
1b) The son of Kratha and father of Dhṛṣṭi(a) (Vṛṣṇi-burnouf).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 38-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 40-41.
1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Satyā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 13.
1d) A Yadu tribe who took part in the marriage festivities of Kṛṣṇa and Rukminī.1 They went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.2 Heard of Kṛṣṇa going to Mithilā and met him with presents.3 Fought with their kinsmen and ended their lives.4
2a) Kuntī (कुन्ती).—Daughter of Śūra and adopted by Kuntibhoja as he was childless. Durvāsas taught her a mantra by which she invoked the sun who returned after blessing her with a child. Being an unmarried girl, she abandoned her son in a box, and this was discovered by Adhiratha who brought him up. This child was Karṇa;1 queen of Pāṇḍu: gave birth to Yudhiṣṭhira and four other sons by the favour of gods—Dharma, Vāyu and Indra and the Aśvins; outlived her husband for the sake of their welfare.2 Seen by Akrūra: Narrated to Vidura her troubles after Pāṇḍu's death. Her affection and love for Kṛṣṇa; addressed him on the difficulties encountered by the Pāṇḍavas. Kṛṣṇa comforted her and explained how it was not possible for him to go to Hāstināpura earlier.3 Her stotra of Kṛṣṇa;4 grieved at his departure from Hāstināpura. Her thoughts on the other world.5 Heard of Drupada's defeat by her sons. Was met by Kṛtavarman at Hāstināpura. At the news of the alleged burning of (Pāṇḍavas, etc.), Kuntī went to the Kurus accompanied by Rāma and Kṛṣṇa, though the latter was aware of the fact of their living.6 Heard the story of the marriage of Kṛṣṇa from his wives and was lost in wonder.7 Left for Syamantapañcaka, and complained to Vasudeva of his neglect of her sons. Vasudeva consoled her saying that oppression from Kaṃsā had scattered them in different directions.8 Joy at Kṛṣṇa's visit to Hāstināpura. Taking leave of her Kṛṣṇa went to Dvārakā.9 (See pṛthā) Regretted with her sons the loss of Duryodhana and others.^10
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 13-14; 24. 31-36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 152-5; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 7.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 27; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 48-50. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 40. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 12. 24.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 58. 7. 10; X. 49. 1-15; I. 8. 3: 9. 13.
- 4) Ib. I. 8. 17-43.
- 5) Ib. I. 10. 9; 13. 3; 15. 33; X. 82 24.
- 6) Ib. X. 52. [56 (V) 2], , 10; 57. 1.
- 7) Ib. X. 84. 1.
- 8) Ib. X. 82. 18-22; 84. 57 and 69 .
- 9) Ib. X. 7 1. 39; 77. 7; 10. Matsya-purāṇa 103. 12.
2b) A R. from the Pāriyatra hill.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 24.
Kuntī (कुन्ती) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.98). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kuntī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
1) Kuntī (कुन्ती) is the daughter of king Kuntibhoja and was ordered to attend upon a hermit named Durvāsas, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 16. The story was told to Padmāvatī by her mother, in order to show her that “gods and hermits remain in the houses of good people for the sake of deluding them”.
2) Kuntī (कुन्ती) is one of the wifes of Pāṇḍu: a king of olden times, and ancestor of Udayana (king of Vatsa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 21. Accordingly, when sage Nārada cam to visit Udayana, he related: “Listen, O King; I will tell you a story in a few words. You had an ancestor once, a king of the name of Pāṇḍu; he like you had two noble wives; one wife of the mighty prince was named Kuntī and the other Mādrī. That Pāṇḍu conquered this sea-engirdled earth, and was very prosperous.”
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kuntī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Kunti was the adopted daughter of Kuntibhoja. Once, when the tempermental sage Durvasa visited the palace of her father, she pleased him with her devotion and attention to his comfort. He granted her a boon and taught her a powerfull Mantra (Incantation), which when uttered could bring any of the Gods to her and father a child on her, who would inherit the qualities of his father.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
In Hindu mythology, Kunti (also called Pritha), was the biological daughter of Shurasena, the sister of Vasudeva, the foster daughter of her cousin King Kunti-Bhoja, the wife of King Pandu of Hastinapur and the mother of King Karna of Anga and King Yudhisthira of Indraprastha.Source: JatLand: South Asia
Yudhisthira’s mother, Queen Kunti, had in her youth been granted the power to invoke the Devas by Rishi Durvasa. Each god, when invoked, would place a child in her lap. Urged by Pandu to use her invocations, Kunti gave birth to Yudhisthira by invoking the Lord of Righteousness, Yama. Being Pandu’s eldest son, Yudhisthira was the rightful heir to the throne. However, this claim was contested by the Dhritarashtra's son, Duryodhana.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A kinnari, mother of the theras Tissa and Sumitta. Their father was a former inhabitant of Pataliputta.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Kuntī (कुन्ती).—According to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya, after having crossed the Indus towards the west, the Buddha took eight stages to cross Uḍḍiyāna, the Lampāka, and arrived in the neighborhood of Peshawar.
8th and 9th stages.—On leaving Nandivardhana, the Buddha went to the city of Kuntī, where he tamed the yakṣī of the same name; then to the village of Kharjūra where he foretold the building of the great caitya of Kaniṣka. Hiuan tsang tells us that the caitya was near Peshawar; archeologists have found its location in the tumuli at Shāh-ki-Dheri.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: JAINpedia: Women in the Jain tradition: Soḷ satī
Kuntī (कुन्ती) refers to one of the 16 Satīs mentioned in the Brāhmī Candanbālikā.—In Jain contexts “Satī” revolves around fidelity to the Jain religion. Although Jains call many virtuous Jain women satīs, among Śvetāmbara Jains there is a group of satīs called the soḷ satī or 16 Satīs (i.e., Kuntī). These Jain Satīs are revered as role models for women and their stories are widely known. Even though the general group of Satī grows over time, the group of 16 Satīs is unchanging.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: S.V.U.Oriental Journal, Vol. XI, Jan-Dec 1968, Parts 1&2
Kunti is another name for the river Brahmakuṇḍi of Āndhradeśa (Andhra country).—The Brahmakuṇḍi or Guṇḍlakamma unlike several other larger rivers which are tributaries, has an independent course and falls into the Bay of Bengal. It had more in common with the larger rivers except in its length where it resembles the minor rivers. On either side of the holy river (viz., Kunti), flourished kingdoms of the Yādavas of Addanki and of the Reḍḍis subsequently. Centres of pilgrimage, eg., Kanuparti had their heyday. The region and the river are celebrated in the records and literature of the Reḍḍis and relics of bygone glory are seen even today.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kuṇṭī (कुंटी).—f A flowering shrub, Murraya exotica. Grah.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a king, son of क्रथ (kratha); क्रथस्य कुन्तिः पुत्रोऽभूत् (krathasya kuntiḥ putro'bhūt) Bhāg.9.24.3.
2) Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa; Bhāg.1.61.13.
Derivable forms: kuntiḥ (कुन्तिः).
--- OR ---
1) Name of पृथा (pṛthā), daughter of a Yādava named शूर (śūra), adopted by कुन्तिभोज (kuntibhoja) [She was the first wife of Pāṇḍu. As he was prevented by a curse from having progeny, he allowed his wife to make use of a charm she had acquired from the sage Durvāsas, by means of which she was to have a son by any god she liked to invoke. She invoked Dharma, Vāyu and Indra, and had from them Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma and Arjuna respectively. She was also mother of Karṇa by the deity Sun whom she invoked in her virginhood to test her charm.]
2) A fragrant resin.
3) The wife of a Brāhmaṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kuntī (कुन्ती).—or °ti (compare Pali Kuntī, name of a kiṃnarī?), (1) name of a rākṣasī: °tī Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 400.6; °ti, voc., 403.6; °ti-, stem in composition, 402.12 (all prose); (2) name of a yakṣiṇī: Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 163.2; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.xviii.18 ff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kunti (कुन्ति).—m. I. m. 1. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 2, 590. 2. The king of the Kuntis, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 24, 30. 3. A proper name, Mārk. P. 2, 2. Ii. f. tī, One of Pānḍu’s wives, Mahābhārata 1, 3811.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kunti (कुन्ति).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people; sgl. = seq.
--- OR ---
Kuntī (कुन्ती).—[feminine] [Name] of Pṛthā, one of the two wives of Pāṇḍu, adopted daughter of Kunti.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kunti (कुन्ति):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Kāṭhaka; Pāṇini 4-1, 176; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) a prince of that people (also called Kunti-bhoja), [Harivaṃśa] etc.
3) Name of a son of Dharma-netra, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
4) of a son of Netra and grandson of Dharma, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 23, 21 ff.]
5) of a son of Kratha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 24, 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
6) of a son of Vidarbha and father of Dhṛṣṭa, [Harivaṃśa]
7) of a son of Supārśva and grandson of Sampāti and great-grandson of Garuḍa, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]
8) of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 61, 13.]
9) Kuntī (कुन्ती):—[from kunti] f. Name of Pṛthā (daughter of a Yādava prince named Śūra [or Vasu, [Harivaṃśa 5255]], who gave her to his childless cousin Kunti or Kuntibhoja, by whom she was adopted; she afterwards became one of the wives of Pāṇḍu; on one occasion before her marriage she paid such respect to the powerful sage Durvāsas that he taught her an incantation or charm, by virtue of which she was to have a child by any god she liked to invoke; out of curiosity she invoked the Sun, by whom she had a child cf. karṇa; but the Sun afterwards restored to her her maidenhood; soon after his marriage Pāṇḍu retired to the woods to indulge his passion for hunting; there he killed a male and female deer, who turned out to be a Ṛṣi and his wife in the form of these animals; the sage cursed Pāṇḍu and predicted that he would die in the embrace of one of his wives ; hence Pāṇḍu lived apart from Kuntī, but with his approval she made use of her charm and had three sons, Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma, and Arjuna, by the three deities Dharma, Vāyu, and Indra respectively; cf. mādrī), [Pāṇini; Mahābhārata] etc.
10) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rākṣasī, [Buddhist literature]
11) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
12) [v.s. ...] the wife of a Brāhman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] the plant Boswellia thurifera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] a fragrant resin (= guggulu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+85): Pritha, Kuntibhoja, Kaunteya, Karna, Kuntisuta, Pandu, Yudhishthira, Sohanji, Kuntinandana, Kuntisurashtra, Kuntimatri, Partha, Pandava, Kuntijit, Bhima, Parshni, Arjuna, Kuntirajan, Purujit, Sahadeva.
Search found 45 books and stories containing Kunti, Kuntī, Kuṇṭī; (plurals include: Kuntis, Kuntīs, Kuṇṭīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.5.82 < [Chapter 5 - Priya (the beloved devotees)]
Verse 1.4.86 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta (the devotee)]
Verse 1.5.35 < [Chapter 5 - Priya (the beloved devotees)]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 6 - On the birth of the Pāṇḍavas < [Book 2]
Chapter 7 - On shewing the departed ones < [Book 2]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.4.11 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Verse 3.4.61 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Verse 4.3.10 < [Part 3 - Chivalry (vīrya-rasa)]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XIV < [Rajasuyarambha Parva]
Section CXXIV < [Sambhava Parva]
Section LXX < [Abhimanyu-badha Parva]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXXIX - Genealogy of the princes of the lunar race < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CCXXVII - Different names of the Ayurvedic Drugs < [Dhanvantari Samhita]