Aputra: 14 definitions


Aputra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aputra (अपुत्र) refers to “one who is childless”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.18 (“Gaṇeśa crowned as the chief of Gaṇas”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Whoever hears this narrative auspiciously with pure mind shall have everything auspicious and be the abode of auspiciousness. The childless (aputra) will get a son, the indigent wealth; the seeker of a wife will get a wife and the seeker of issues will get children. The sick will regain health; the miserable will have good fortune. The sonless, impoverished, banished wife will be reunited with her husband. [...]”

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aputra (अपुत्र).—a (S) aputraka a (S) aputrī a (S) corruptly aputrīka a That is without male offspring. Pr. aputrikācēṃ anna khāū nayē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aputra (अपुत्र) [-trī-aputraka-aputrīka, -त्री-अपुत्रक-अपुत्रीक].—a That is without male offspring.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aputra (अपुत्र).—Not a son. a.

-putrakaḥtrikā f.) Having no son or heir.

Derivable forms: aputraḥ (अपुत्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aputra (अपुत्र).—m.

(-traḥ) A man who has no son. E. a neg. putra a son, also with kan added, aputrakaḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aputra (अपुत्र).—adj., f. , sonless.

Aputra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and putra (पुत्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aputra (अपुत्र).—1. [masculine] not a son.

--- OR ---

Aputra (अपुत्र).—2. ([feminine] trikā) sonless.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aputra (अपुत्र):—[=a-putra] m. not a son, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. sonless, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aputra (अपुत्र):—I. [tatpurusha compound] m.

(-traḥ) One who is not a son. E. a neg. and putra. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f.

(-traḥ-trā) Sonless; one who has either had no son or lost his (her) son or sons (aputrojātaputro mṛtaputro vā) and is legally held to adopt one (Atri: aputreṇaiva kartavyaḥ putrapratinidhiḥ sadā . piṇḍodakakriyāhetoryasmāttasmātprayatnataḥ). Manu uses the term also impliedly of a man who has no son by a woman of the three first classes, although he may have a son by a Śūdrā woman, as results from this verse: yadyapi syāttu satputro yadyaputropi vā bhavet . nādhikaṃ daśamāddadyācchūdrāputrāya dharmataḥ (and Vṛhaspati employs in a similar manner the term anapatya, viz. anapatyasya śuśrūṣurguṇavāñchūdrayonijaḥ . labhetājīvanaṃ śeṣaṃ sapiṇḍāḥ samavāpnuyuḥ); when Jīmūtavāhana moreover observes that the son of a Śūdrā in this verse applies to the legitimate son, the Pāraśava (q. v.) being the son of a Brāhmana by a Śūdrā not wedded to him (yaccāha manuḥ . yaṃ brāhmaṇastu śūdrāyāṃ &c. Manu 9. 178. . tadapariṇītaśūdrāsutābhiprāyam; contrary to Kullūka who defines him as pariṇītāyāmeva śūdrāyāṃ brāhmaṇaḥ kāmādyaṃ putraṃ janayet &c.).—A wife who has no son must be approached for the sake of getting one by her brother-in-law or by one of her relatives of the Sapiṇḍa class.—Although Likhita places a man who has no son in the same category with an impious man, a usurer and a Śūdra, when he inflicts a fast of three days on any one who eats the food of such a person (bhuktvā vārdhuṣikasyānnamavratasyāsutasya ca . śūdrasya ca tathā bhuktvā trirātraṃ syādabhojanam), the present edition of Pāṇini gives aputra in a Gaṇa (to Viii. 1. 67.) as a honorific term when it is the first part of a [karmadharaya compound] (the latter part of such a compound being anudātta); but on the other hand, as aputra is one of the thirty-four nativities from the knowledge of which Śākyamuni derives a special name (comp. catustriṃśajjātakajña), it would seem that the word in this sense belongs rather to the Buddhistic than to the Brāhmanic literature; compare e. g. the Pāli word aputtakaseṭṭhī, in Fansböll's Dhammapadam p. 415. The Kāśikā does not mention aputra in the Gaṇa alluded to. E. a priv. and putra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aputra (अपुत्र):—[a-putra] (traḥ-trā-traṃ) a. Childless.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aputra (अपुत्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aputta, Aputtiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aputra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aputra (ಅಪುತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a man without having male offspring.

2) [noun] one who is not a son of.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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