Punar: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Punar means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Punar (पुनर्).—ind.

1) Again, once more, anew; न पुनरेवं प्रवर्तितव्यम् (na punarevaṃ pravartitavyam) Ś.6; किमप्ययं बटुः पुनर्विवक्षुः स्फुरितोत्तराधरः (kimapyayaṃ baṭuḥ punarvivakṣuḥ sphuritottarādharaḥ) Ku.5.83; so पुर्नभू (purnabhū) 'to become a wife again.'

2) Back, in an opposite direction (mostly with verbs); पुनर्दा (punardā) 'to give back, restore'; पुनर्या -इ-गम् (punaryā -i-gam) &c. 'to go back, return' &c.

3) On the other hand, on the contrary, but, however, nevertheless, still (with an adversative force); प्रसाद इव मूर्तस्ते स्पर्शः स्नेहार्द्रशीतलः । अद्याप्यानन्दयति मां त्वं पुनः क्वासि नन्दिनि (prasāda iva mūrtaste sparśaḥ snehārdraśītalaḥ | adyāpyānandayati māṃ tvaṃ punaḥ kvāsi nandini) U.3.14; मम पुनः सर्वमेव तन्नास्ति (mama punaḥ sarvameva tannāsti) U.3.

4) Further, furthermore, besides; पुनः पुनः (punaḥ punaḥ) 'again and again,' 'repeatedly', 'frequently'; पुनः पुनः सुतनिषिद्धचापलम् (punaḥ punaḥ sutaniṣiddhacāpalam) R.3.42; किं पुनः (kiṃ punaḥ) 'how much more', or 'how much less'; see under किम् (kim). पुनरपि (punarapi) again, once more, and also; on the other hand.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punar (पुनर्).—Ind. 1. Again, once more. 2. But, on the contrary, nevertheless, however. 3. Assuredly, certainly. 4. A particle indicating division or change of subject. E. paṇ to praise, ar aff., and the radical vowel changed to u.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punar (पुनर्).—adv. 1. Back, Chr. 8, 27. 2. Again, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 120. 3. In an opposite way, [Pañcatantra] 263, 15. 4. But, [Nala] 17, 15; on the contrary. 5. Nevertheless, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1964. 6. With preceding kim, a. How much more, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 504. b. How much less, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 452.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Punar (पुनर्).—[adverb] back, home, again, once more ±bhūyas); again and again, repeatedly (mostly punaḥ punaḥ); further, moreover, besides or in turn, on the other hand, however, but. Lays stress on a [preceding] vā, atha vā & api vā; punaḥ—punaḥ now—now. — Cf. kim.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Punar (पुनर्):—ind. back, home, in an opposite direction, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with √1. gam, , to go back or away; with √, to give back, restore; with √bhū, to turn round; with √as and [dative case], to fall back upon)

2) again, once more (also with bhūyas), [ib.] (with √bhū, to exist again, be renewed, become a wife again, re-marry)

3) again and again, repeatedly, [ib.] (mostly punaḥ p which with na = nevermore)

4) further, moreover, besides, [ib.] (also punar aparam; ādau-punar-paścāt, at first-then-later)

5) however, still, nevertheless, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.] (at the end of a verse it lays stress on a preceding atha vā, api vā, or alone; punar api, even again, on the other hand, also; kadā p, at any time, ever; kim p, how much more or less? however; punar-punar, now-now; at one time at another time).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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