Apya, Āpya: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Apya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Āpya (आप्य).—A Vājin.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 25.

1b) A particular period of the day.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 40.

1c) One of the gaṇas of the eight gods of the Cākṣuṣa epoch.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 27.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Āpya (आप्य) refers to “belonging to water”, “consisting of water”, or, “living in water”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Āpya (आप्य) or Āpyakṣetra refers to “watery land” and represents one of the five classifications of “land” (kṣetra), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “a land full of stones looking like half-moon and white lotuses, which is full or rivers and rivulets is called āpya or watery land”.

Substances (dravya) pertaining to Āpya-kṣetra are known as Āpyadravya—These dravyas are kaṭu (pungent), kaṣāya (astringent) ad cool in nature, hence allay the increased pitta-doṣa.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Āpya (आप्य).—To be obtained by an activity: (the same as vyāpya). The term is used in connection with the object of a verb which is to be obtained by the verbal activity. The word आप्य (āpya) is found used in the sense of Karman or object in 8 the grammars of Jainendra, Śākaṭāyana, Cāndra and Hemacandra; cf. Cāndra II I. 43; Jainendra I. 2.119; Śāk.IV.3.120: Hem. III.3.31. Hence, the term साप्य (sāpya) is used for a transitive root in these grammars.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āpya (आप्य).—a S Obtainable or acquirable. 2 Relating to water; watery, aqueous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āpya (आप्य).—a Obtainable. Relating to water, aqueous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apya (अप्य).—a. [apāṃ idaṃ tatra sādhu saṃskṛtam vā yat; adbhiḥ saṃskṛtam P. IV.4.134]

1) Connected with or coming from water. त्वया हितमप्यमप्सु भागम् (tvayā hitamapyamapsu bhāgam) Rv.2.38.7; watery; स ईं मृगो अप्यो वनर्गुरुप (sa īṃ mṛgo apyo vanargurupa) 1.145.5. consisting of, consecrated with, water (as haviḥ.)

2) Obtainable.

3) Active, connected with sacrificial acts.

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Āpya (आप्य).—a. [apāṃ idaṃ aṇ svārthe ṣyañ]

1) Watery.

2) Obtainable, attainable (āp-ṇyat).

-pyaḥ A class of gods. इन्द्रो मन्त्रद्रुमस्तत्र देव आप्यादयो गणाः (indro mantradrumastatra deva āpyādayo gaṇāḥ)

2) A kind of horse, born in water; अक्रोधवेगाः सस्वप्ना आप्यास्ते तुरगाधमाः । शालि- होत्र (akrodhavegāḥ sasvapnā āpyāste turagādhamāḥ | śāli- hotra) of भोज (bhoja) ed. by Kulkarni, Appendix II,153.

-pyam Ved.

1) Confederation, alliance; किं सनेन वसव आप्येन (kiṃ sanena vasava āpyena) Rv.2.29.3.

2) A friend; यो नो नेदिष्ठमाप्यम् (yo no nediṣṭhamāpyam) Rv.7.15.1.

3) Water; पृथ्व्याप्यतेजोनिलखानि (pṛthvyāpyatejonilakhāni) Śvet. Up.2.12;6.2.

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Āpya (आप्य).—see आप् (āp).

See also (synonyms): āpta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āpya (आप्य).—nt. (gdve. of āp-), what can be received (of food), one's fill: (ghṛtasya madhunaś) cāpyaṃ pūrayitvā Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.24.10, having given (the infant) all he could eat of ghee and honey; so app. Tibetan de ḥdraṇs par bsñod nas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āpya (आप्य).—mfn.

(-pyaḥ-pyā-pyaṃ) 1. Watery, consisting of water, as froth, &c. 2. Obtainable, to be obtained. n.

(-pyaṃ) A plant, a kind of costus. E. ap water, yañ affix; or āpa to get, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apya (अप्य).—[feminine] ā & ī born in water; made of or mixed with water.

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Āpya (आप्य).—1. [adjective] watery, aquatic; [neuter] a lunar mansion.

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Āpya (आप्य).—2. [adjective] to be got or acquired.

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Āpya (आप्य).—3. [neuter] friendship, alliance.

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Āpyā (आप्या).—swell, become full of or rich in ([instrumental]); make full, enlarge, strengthen. [Causative] āpyāya/yati, °te cause to swell, make full, [especially] pour water upon the Soma; nourish, refresh; excite, rouse.

Āpyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and pyā (प्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apya (अप्य):—[from ap] a (2, 3) mf(apyā; once apī, [Ṛg-veda vi, 67, 9]) n being in water, coming from water, connected with water, [Ṛg-veda] (cf. 3. āpya).

2) b See 2. ap.

3) Āpya (आप्य):—[from āp] 1. āpya mfn. to be reached, obtainable, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (also) friendly, kind, [Ṛg-veda iii, 2, 6].

5) [v.s. ...] n. confederation, alliance, relationship, friendship, [Ṛg-veda ii, 29, 3, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a friend, [Ṛg-veda vii, 15, 1]

7) [v.s. ...] (for 2. āpya See p. 144, col. 1.)

8) 2. āpya mfn. ([from] 2. ap), belonging or relating to water, watery, liquid, [Suśruta]

9) consisting of water

10) living in water

11) m. Name of several asterisms, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

12) Name of a Vasu

13) m. [plural] Name of a class of deities, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Harivaṃśa]

14) n. Name of a constellation

15) (for 1. āpya See under √āp.)

16) 3. āpya n. Name of a plant, a kind of Costus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. vāpya.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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