Partha, Pārtha: 17 definitions



Partha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Pārtha (पार्थ) refers to “‘Son of Pṛthā’, Arjuna”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of partha in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pārtha (पार्थ).—Son of Pṛthā (Kuntī). (Śee under Kuntī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pārtha (पार्थ).—Arjuna;1 married Subhadrā and got by her Abhimanyu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 178; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 56; 246. 93; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 12. 19 etc.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 176; 99. 249.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of partha in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Pārtha (पार्थ) or Pārtharasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 6, Hridroga: heart-diseases). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., pārtha-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of partha in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

One of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: "Son of Pritha or Kunti"

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Pārtha (पार्थ): Another name of Arjuna.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Pārtha (पार्थ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pārtha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of partha in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pārtha (पार्थ) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Pārtha) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of partha in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārtha (पार्थ).—[pṛthāyāḥ apatyam aṇ]

1) A metronymic of all Pāṇḍavas; सर्वेषामेव पार्थानां फाल्गुनो बलवत्तरः (sarveṣāmeva pārthānāṃ phālguno balavattaraḥ) Mb.7.158.8; but especially of Arjuna; उवाच पार्थ पश्यैतान् समवेतान् कुरूनिति (uvāca pārtha paśyaitān samavetān kurūniti) Bg.1.25 and several other places.

2) A king.

Derivable forms: pārthaḥ (पार्थः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārtha (पार्थ).—m.

(-rthaḥ) 1. A king, a prince. 2. A name of the Pandu prince Arjuna. 3. A name of Kartavirya. 4. A tree, (Pentaptera arjuna.) E. pṛthā a proper name, aṇ aff. of descent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārtha (पार्थ).—i. e. pṛthā, a proper name, + a, metronym. 1. Offspring of Pṛthā, a surname of Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīmasena, and Arjuna. 2. m. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārtha (पार्थ).—1. [masculine] patr. from Pṛthi; [neuter] cert. sacred texts.

--- OR ---

Pārtha (पार्थ).—2. [masculine] descendant of Pṛthā, [Epithet] of the Panduids.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pārtha (पार्थ):—1. pārtha m. ([from] pṛthi) [patronymic] of Tānva, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

2) n. Name of 12 sacred texts (ascribed to Pṛthi Vainya and repeated during the ceremony of unction in the Rāja-sūya sacrifice), [Brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) of sub voce Sāmans, [Brāhmaṇa; Lāṭyāyana]

4) 2. pārtha m. ([from] pṛthā) [metronymic] of Yudhi-ṣṭhira or Bhīma-sena or Arjuna ([especially] of the last; [plural] the 5 sons of Pāṇḍu), [Mahābhārata] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 381 n. 4])

5) Name of a king of Kaśmīra (son of Paṅgu) and of another man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) Terminalia Arjuna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) 3. pārtha m. = pārthiva, a prince, king, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) 4. pārtha or pārthona m. (in [astronomy]) = παρθένος as (the Virgo of the zodiac).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārtha (पार्थ):—(rthaḥ) 1. m. A king; Arjuna; Mars; a tree (Pentaptera arjuna.)

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pārtha (पार्थ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pattha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Partha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of partha in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: