Partha, Pārtha: 11 definitions

Introduction

Partha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Pārtha (पार्थ) refers to “‘Son of Pṛthā’, Arjuna”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pārtha (पार्थ).—Son of Pṛthā (Kuntī). (Śee under Kuntī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pārtha (पार्थ).—Arjuna;1 married Subhadrā and got by her Abhimanyu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 178; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 56; 246. 93; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 12. 19 etc.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 176; 99. 249.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

One of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: "Son of Pritha or Kunti"

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Pārtha (पार्थ): Another name of Arjuna.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Pārtha (पार्थ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pārtha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pārtha (पार्थ) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Pārtha) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārtha (पार्थ).—[pṛthāyāḥ apatyam aṇ]

1) A metronymic of all Pāṇḍavas; सर्वेषामेव पार्थानां फाल्गुनो बलवत्तरः (sarveṣāmeva pārthānāṃ phālguno balavattaraḥ) Mb.7.158.8; but especially of Arjuna; उवाच पार्थ पश्यैतान् समवेतान् कुरूनिति (uvāca pārtha paśyaitān samavetān kurūniti) Bg.1.25 and several other places.

2) A king.

Derivable forms: pārthaḥ (पार्थः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārtha (पार्थ).—m.

(-rthaḥ) 1. A king, a prince. 2. A name of the Pandu prince Arjuna. 3. A name of Kartavirya. 4. A tree, (Pentaptera arjuna.) E. pṛthā a proper name, aṇ aff. of descent.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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