Partha, Pārtha: 17 definitions
Partha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Pārtha (पार्थ) refers to “‘Son of Pṛthā’, Arjuna”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Pārtha (पार्थ).—Son of Pṛthā (Kuntī). (Śee under Kuntī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 178; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 56; 246. 93; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 12. 19 etc.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 176; 99. 249.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Pārtha (पार्थ) or Pārtharasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 6, Hridroga: heart-diseases). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., pārtha-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
One of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: "Son of Pritha or Kunti"Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Pārtha (पार्थ): Another name of Arjuna.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Pārtha (पार्थ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pārtha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Pārtha (पार्थ) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Pārtha) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pārtha (पार्थ).—[pṛthāyāḥ apatyam aṇ]
1) A metronymic of all Pāṇḍavas; सर्वेषामेव पार्थानां फाल्गुनो बलवत्तरः (sarveṣāmeva pārthānāṃ phālguno balavattaraḥ) Mb.7.158.8; but especially of Arjuna; उवाच पार्थ पश्यैतान् समवेतान् कुरूनिति (uvāca pārtha paśyaitān samavetān kurūniti) Bg.1.25 and several other places.
2) A king.
Derivable forms: pārthaḥ (पार्थः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rthaḥ) 1. A king, a prince. 2. A name of the Pandu prince Arjuna. 3. A name of Kartavirya. 4. A tree, (Pentaptera arjuna.) E. pṛthā a proper name, aṇ aff. of descent.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pārtha (पार्थ).—i. e. pṛthā, a proper name, + a, metronym. 1. Offspring of Pṛthā, a surname of Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīmasena, and Arjuna. 2. m. A proper name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pārtha (पार्थ).—1. [masculine] patr. from Pṛthi; [neuter] cert. sacred texts.
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Pārtha (पार्थ).—2. [masculine] descendant of Pṛthā, [Epithet] of the Panduids.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pārtha (पार्थ):—1. pārtha m. ([from] pṛthi) [patronymic] of Tānva, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]
2) n. Name of 12 sacred texts (ascribed to Pṛthi Vainya and repeated during the ceremony of unction in the Rāja-sūya sacrifice), [Brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
3) of sub voce Sāmans, [Brāhmaṇa; Lāṭyāyana]
4) 2. pārtha m. ([from] pṛthā) [metronymic] of Yudhi-ṣṭhira or Bhīma-sena or Arjuna ([especially] of the last; [plural] the 5 sons of Pāṇḍu), [Mahābhārata] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 381 n. 4])
5) Name of a king of Kaśmīra (son of Paṅgu) and of another man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
6) Terminalia Arjuna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) 3. pārtha m. = pārthiva, a prince, king, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) 4. pārtha or pārthona m. (in [astronomy]) = παρθένος as (the Virgo of the zodiac).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pārtha (पार्थ):—(rthaḥ) 1. m. A king; Arjuna; Mars; a tree (Pentaptera arjuna.)Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Pārtha (पार्थ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pattha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+1): Parthagarthya, Parthagjanaka, Parthagjanika, Parthaja, Parthakirata, Parthaktvika, Parthakya, Parthamaya, Parthaparakrama, Parthapura, Partharasa, Parthasarathi, Parthasarathi mishra, Parthasarathimishra, Parthasarthi, Parthashravasa, Parthastuti, Parthastutitika, Parthava, Parthavi.
Full-text (+51): Parthamaya, Parthasarathimishra, Parthapura, Parthya, Parthasarathi, Aghayu, Parthaja, Parthavijaya, Parthastuti, Parthastutitika, Parthaparakrama, Prithi, Parthakirata, Parthasarthi, Tantraratna, Parthona, Ayathavat, Pattha, Shastradipika, Mankigita.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Partha, Pārtha; (plurals include: Parthas, Pārthas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CXV < [Bhagavat-Gita Parva]
Section CLVIII < [Ghatotkacha-badha Parva]
Section CLVII < [Ghatotkacha-badha Parva]
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa IX, adhyāya 3, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Ninth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa V, adhyāya 3, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Fifth Kāṇḍa]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 18.31 < [Chapter 18 - Mokṣa-yoga (the Yoga of Liberation)]
Verse 8.19 < [Chapter 8 - Tāraka-brahma-yoga (the Yoga of Absolute Deliverance)]
Verse 3.23 < [Chapter 3 - Karma-yoga (Yoga through the Path of Action)]
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
Verse 1.25-27 < [Chapter 1 - Arjuna’s Dolour]
Verse 2.8 < [Chapter 2 - Samkhya-Yoga]
Verse 1.47 < [Chapter 1 - Arjuna’s Dolour]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 91 - Nikumbha Carries Away Bhanumati < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 90 - The Sport of the Yadus (continued) < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 86 - Defeat of the Asuras: They Fight Again < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)