Varishtha, Variṣṭha, Variṣṭhā: 17 definitions


Varishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Variṣṭha and Variṣṭhā can be transliterated into English as Varistha or Varishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Varishth.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Varishtha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—The son of Manu Cākṣuṣa. The following story, how Variṣṭha cursed the hermit Grtsamada, occurs in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 18. Indra once performed a sacrifice which lasted for a thousand years. Variṣṭha and Gṛtsamada, as friends of Indra were present at the sacrifice. Gṛtsamada committed some mistakes in the recitation of Sāmans. Variṣṭha got angry and cursed Gṛtsamada that he would wander in the forest as an animal for ten thousand one hundred and eighteen years. Accordingly Gṛtsamada wandered through forests in the form of an animal for a very long time.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) refers to “foremost” (of the eloquent), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] On seeing Śiva the lord of all, the chief of those devoted to penance, the lord with the moon as his ornament, who can be known through spiritual insight and who was sitting in the meditative posture closing His eyes, Himācala saluted Him again. Though he was not disheartened, he entertained some doubts. Thus he, the lord of mountains, foremost of the eloquent [i.e., variṣṭhavākyavidāṃ variṣṭhaḥ], spoke to Śiva, the sole kinsman of the universe”.

2) Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) refers to the “most excellent one” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.49 (“The delusion of Brahmā”).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogised Śiva: “[...] Obeisance to Thee, the five-faced Rudra. Obeisance to thee, with fifty crores of forms. Obeisance to thee, the lord of three deities. Obeisance to the most excellent one (variṣṭha). Obeisance to the principle of learning. Obeisance, Obeisance to the inexpressible, the eternal, the lightning-flamed, the flame-coloured. Obeisance to lord Śiva. Obeisance, obeisance to thee stationed in the world with the form resembling a crore of lightning streaks, consisting of eight corners and very lustrous. [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Variṣṭhā (वरिष्ठा) refers to one of the three daughters of Manu Vaivasvata: the son of Saṃjñā and Bhāskara (sun-god), according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] It is stated that Aditi got from Kaśyapa, Bhāskara, the Sun-god. The Sun-god had four wives [viz., Saṃjñā]. Saṃjñā gave birth to Manu from the sun-god in whose race were born the kings. [...] The daughters were Ilā, Jyeṣṭhā and Variṣṭhā.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Varishtha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Plectranthus vettiveroides (Jacob) Singh & Sharma” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning variṣṭha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Varishtha in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Varishtha in India is the name of a plant defined with Citrus aurantium in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Citrus vulgaris Risso (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Annales du muséum national d’histoire naturelle (1813)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1984)
· Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique (1843)
· J. SouthW. Agric. Univ. (1994)
· Caryologia (1985)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Varishtha, for example chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varishtha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—a (S) Senior, superior, excelling; surpassing in years, wisdom, dignity &c. 2 Greatest, heaviest &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—Superior. Senior; surpassing in years; greatest.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—a.

1) Best, most excellent, most distinguished or pre-eminent; अयं च पार्थो बीभत्सुर्वरिष्ठो ज्याविकर्षणे (ayaṃ ca pārtho bībhatsurvariṣṭho jyāvikarṣaṇe) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3. 35.12.

2) Largest, greatest.

3) Widest.

4) Heaviest.

5) Worst, most wicked; (superl. of uru q. v.).

-ṣṭhaḥ 1 The francoline partridge.

2) The orange tree.

-ṣṭham 1 Copper.

2) Pepper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) 1. Largest, greatest, most large. 2. Heaviest, mightiest. 3. Best, dearest, most preferable or beloved. n.

(-ṣṭhaṃ) 1. Copper. 2. Pepper. m.

(-ṣṭhaḥ) 1. The Francoline partridge. 2. The orange tree. E. var substituted for uru large, or vara best, iṣṭhan aff. of the irr. superlative.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—and varīyaṃs varīyaṃs, see uru.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—1. ([superlative]) widest, broadest, largest.

--- OR ---

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—2. ([superlative]) most excellent, best, chief among ([genetive] or —°); better than ([ablative]); the worst of ([genetive]).

--- OR ---

Vāristha (वारिस्थ).—[adjective] reflected (standing) in water (sun).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ):—[from vara] 1. variṣṭha mfn. (superl. of uru q.v.) widest, broadest, largest, most extensive, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [from vara] 2. variṣṭha mf(ā)n. (superl. of 2. vara) the most excellent or best, most preferable among ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] better than ([ablative]), [Manu-smṛti vii, 84]

4) [v.s. ...] chief (in a bad sense) = worst, most wicked, [Mahābhārata xiv, 879; iii, 12590.]

5) Vāristha (वारिस्थ):—[=vāri-stha] [from vāri > vār] mfn. standing in water, reflected in the w°, [Manu-smṛti iv, 37.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ):—[(ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) a.] Largest, heaviest, best. m. Francoline partridge. n. Copper; pepper.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Variṭṭha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Varishtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varishtha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) [Also spelled varishth]:—(a) senior; best, most preferable; ~[] seniority; ~[tā-krama] order of seniority; —[vidvāna] a senior scholar; —[sadasya] a senior member.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Varishtha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Variṣṭha (ವರಿಷ್ಠ):—

1) [adjective] of the most excellent sort; surpassing all others; best.

2) [adjective] big; large; huge.

3) [adjective] wide; broad.

4) [adjective] heavy; weighty; ponderous.

5) [adjective] of higher rank or standing or longer in service; senior.

--- OR ---

Variṣṭha (ವರಿಷ್ಠ):—

1) [noun] a most excellent man.

2) [noun] the quality of being big, large; huge; largeness; hugeness.

3) [noun] a man of higher or higest rank or standing; a senior or seniormost man.

4) [noun] the red-metal; copper.

5) [noun] the pungent condiment obtained from the dried fruits of Piper nigrum; pepper.

6) [noun] the greyish bird Francolinus pondicerianus of Phasianidae family, with red bill and legs, the francolin partridge.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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