Varishtha, Variṣṭha, Variṣṭhā: 16 definitions
Varishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Variṣṭha and Variṣṭhā can be transliterated into English as Varistha or Varishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Varishth.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—The son of Manu Cākṣuṣa. The following story, how Variṣṭha cursed the hermit Grtsamada, occurs in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 18. Indra once performed a sacrifice which lasted for a thousand years. Variṣṭha and Gṛtsamada, as friends of Indra were present at the sacrifice. Gṛtsamada committed some mistakes in the recitation of Sāmans. Variṣṭha got angry and cursed Gṛtsamada that he would wander in the forest as an animal for ten thousand one hundred and eighteen years. Accordingly Gṛtsamada wandered through forests in the form of an animal for a very long time.Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) refers to “foremost”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] On seeing Śiva the lord of all, the chief of those devoted to penance, the lord with the moon as his ornament, who can be known through spiritual insight and who was sitting in the meditative posture closing His eyes, Himācala saluted Him again. Though he was not disheartened, he entertained some doubts. Thus he, the lord of mountains, foremost of the eloquent [i.e., variṣṭha—vākyavidāṃ variṣṭhaḥ], spoke to Śiva, the sole kinsman of the universe”.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Variṣṭhā (वरिष्ठा) refers to one of the three daughters of Manu Vaivasvata: the son of Saṃjñā and Bhāskara (sun-god), according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] It is stated that Aditi got from Kaśyapa, Bhāskara, the Sun-god. The Sun-god had four wives [viz., Saṃjñā]. Saṃjñā gave birth to Manu from the sun-god in whose race were born the kings. [...] The daughters were Ilā, Jyeṣṭhā and Variṣṭhā.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Plectranthus vettiveroides (Jacob) Singh & Sharma” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning variṣṭha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—a (S) Senior, superior, excelling; surpassing in years, wisdom, dignity &c. 2 Greatest, heaviest &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—Superior. Senior; surpassing in years; greatest.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Best, most excellent, most distinguished or pre-eminent; अयं च पार्थो बीभत्सुर्वरिष्ठो ज्याविकर्षणे (ayaṃ ca pārtho bībhatsurvariṣṭho jyāvikarṣaṇe) Mb.3. 35.12.
2) Largest, greatest.
5) Worst, most wicked; (superl. of uru q. v.).
-ṣṭhaḥ 1 The francoline partridge.
2) The orange tree.
-ṣṭham 1 Copper.
2) Pepper.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) 1. Largest, greatest, most large. 2. Heaviest, mightiest. 3. Best, dearest, most preferable or beloved. n.
(-ṣṭhaṃ) 1. Copper. 2. Pepper. m.
(-ṣṭhaḥ) 1. The Francoline partridge. 2. The orange tree. E. var substituted for uru large, or vara best, iṣṭhan aff. of the irr. superlative.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—and varīyaṃs varīyaṃs, see uru.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—1. ([superlative]) widest, broadest, largest.
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Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ).—2. ([superlative]) most excellent, best, chief among ([genetive] or —°); better than ([ablative]); the worst of ([genetive]).
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Vāristha (वारिस्थ).—[adjective] reflected (standing) in water (sun).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ):—[from vara] 1. variṣṭha mfn. (superl. of uru q.v.) widest, broadest, largest, most extensive, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Rāmāyaṇa]
2) [from vara] 2. variṣṭha mf(ā)n. (superl. of 2. vara) the most excellent or best, most preferable among ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
3) [v.s. ...] better than ([ablative]), [Manu-smṛti vii, 84]
4) [v.s. ...] chief (in a bad sense) = worst, most wicked, [Mahābhārata xiv, 879; iii, 12590.]
5) Vāristha (वारिस्थ):—[=vāri-stha] [from vāri > vār] mfn. standing in water, reflected in the w°, [Manu-smṛti iv, 37.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ):—[(ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) a.] Largest, heaviest, best. m. Francoline partridge. n. Copper; pepper.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Variṭṭha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Variṣṭha (वरिष्ठ) [Also spelled varishth]:—(a) senior; best, most preferable; ~[tā] seniority; ~[tā-krama] order of seniority; —[vidvāna] a senior scholar; —[sadasya] a senior member.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] of the most excellent sort; surpassing all others; best.
2) [adjective] big; large; huge.
3) [adjective] wide; broad.
4) [adjective] heavy; weighty; ponderous.
5) [adjective] of higher rank or standing or longer in service; senior.
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1) [noun] a most excellent man.
2) [noun] the quality of being big, large; huge; largeness; hugeness.
3) [noun] a man of higher or higest rank or standing; a senior or seniormost man.
4) [noun] the red-metal; copper.
5) [noun] the pungent condiment obtained from the dried fruits of Piper nigrum; pepper.
6) [noun] the greyish bird Francolinus pondicerianus of Phasianidae family, with red bill and legs, the francolin partridge.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Uru, Rakshodaivata, Varishthashrama, Varittha, Varishthaka, Arjuna, Hamsatma, Adhyarhaniya, Trijagat, Maharashtravarishthabhashamaya, Varishth, Vajasani, Ila, Jyeshtha, Varitri, Variman, Manu, Gritsamada.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Varishtha, Varistha, Variṣṭha, Vāristha, Variṣṭhā, Vari-stha, Vāri-stha; (plurals include: Varishthas, Varisthas, Variṣṭhas, Vāristhas, Variṣṭhās, sthas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Prashna Upanishad with Shankara’s Commentary (by S. Sitarama Sastri)
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Part 2.2 - Different names of Śiva < [Chapter 4 - Religious aspects of the Matsyapurāṇa]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
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