Ama, aka: Āma, Amā; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Āma (आम) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to an “unripe” fruit. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Āma (आम):—The concept of āma is quite peculiar to Āyurveda. Āma is immature Rasa caused by diminished agni prone to produce pathological syndromes. It is, in fact, endotoxin produced by incomplete digestion or transformation of edibles or metabolites due to diminished agni at respective levels. Āma associates in the process of pathogenesis (saṃprāpti) by combining with doṣa and dūṣya and exhibits its characteristic symptoms.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Āma has been defined as

1) Undigested or semi-digested food.

2) Mala-Sañcaya (the accumulation of excretions).

3) First vitiation of Doṣa.

Generally, it is produced by diminished power of digestive juices (Mandāgni), but it may also form at other levels of the Agni i.e. Bhūtāgni and Dhātvagni. In short, Āma may be produced at any level of digestion and metabolism. It is also a frequent cause of the diseases. Great stress has been laid in Āyurveda on correction of the digestion.

Source: Hand book of domestic medicine: Basic principles of Āyurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Āma (आम).—See under AVATĀRA.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Amā (अमा).—A ray of the sun.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 12. 8.

2a) Āma (आम).—A son of Ghṛtapṛṣṭha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.

2b) A son of Kṛṣṇa and (Satyā) daughter of Nagnacit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Amā.—(EI 21), abbreviation of amāvāsyā. Note: amā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

āma : (adj.) raw; fresh; uncooked; not ripe. (ind.), yes. || āmā (f.),a slave woman.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Āma, 2 (adj.) (Vedic āma = Gr. w)mόs, connected with Lat. amārus. The more common P. form is āmaka (q. v.)) raw, viz. (a) unbaked (of an earthen vessel), unfinished Sn.443; (b) uncooked (of flesh), nt. raw flesh, only in foll. cpds.: °gandha “smell of raw flesh”, verminous odour, a smell attributed in particular to rotting corpses (cp. similarly BSk. āmagandha M Vastu III, 214) D.II, 242 sq.; A.I, 280; Sn.241, 242 (= vissagandha kuṇapagandha SnA 286), 248, 251; Dhs.625; and °giddha greedy after flesh (used as bait) J.VI, 416 (= āmasaṅkhāta āmisa C.). (Page 103)

2) Āma, 1 (indecl.) (a specific Pāli formation representing either amma (q. v.) or a gradation of pron. base amu° “that” (see asu), thus deictic-emphatic exclamn. Cp. also BSk. āma e. g. Av. Ś I.36) affirmative part. “yes, indeed, certainly” D.I, 192 sq. (as v. l. BB.; T. has āmo); J.I, 115, 226 (in C. expln. of T. amā-jāta which is to be read for āmajāta); II, 92; V, 448; Miln.11, 19, 253; DhA.I, 10, 34; II, 39, 44; VvA.69; PvA.12, 22, 56, 61, 75, 93 etc. (Page 103)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

amā (अमा).—f S The day of the conjunction of sun and moon.

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amā (अमा).—m (Poetry and Nursery.) The mother's breast. 2 f (Ama, Port.) A nurse, esp. a wet nurse.

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āma (आम).—a S Undressed, uncooked, raw. 2 Unripe.

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āma (आम).—m S Affection of the bowels; diarrhœa &c. 2 Used for āmāṃśa.

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āmā (आमा).—m A breast or bubby. Esp. used in nursery language. 2 (Ama. Port.) A nurse.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

amā (अमा).—m The mother's breast. f A nurse. The day of the conjunction of sun and moon, amāvāsyā.

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āma (आम).—a Raw; unripe. m Diarrhœa, &c.

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āmā (आमा).—m A breast or bubby. A nurse.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ama (अम).—a. Unripe (as fruit).

-maḥ 1 Going.

2) Pressure, weight; strength, power (balam).

3) Fright, terror.

4) Sickness, disease.

5) A servant, follower, an attendant.

6) Vital air, life-wind (prāṇa).

7) This self.

8) Unmeasured state.

-mā 1 Soul.

2) Unmeasured state.

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Amā (अमा).—a. [na mā-ka] Measureless. -ind. Ved.

1) At home, in the house; कामश्चरताममाभूत् (kāmaścaratāmamābhūt) Rv.2.38.6.

2) In this world, here below (ihaloke).

3) With, near, close to; अमैवासां तद्भवति (amaivāsāṃ tadbhavati) Bṛ. Up.1.5.2.

4) Together with, in conjunction or company with, as in अमात्य, अमावास्या (amātya, amāvāsyā) q. v.; अमाकृ (amākṛ) to draw near, have near oneself. अमा सह समीपे च (amā saha samīpe ca) Nm. -f.

1) The day of the new moon, the day of the conjunction of the sun and moon; अमायां तु सदा सोम ओषधीः प्रतिपद्यते (amāyāṃ tu sadā soma oṣadhīḥ pratipadyate) Vyāsa.

2) The sixteenth digit of the moon.

3) The fifteenth digit also. m. The soul.

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Āma (आम).—a. [āmyate īṣat pacyate; ā am karmaṇi ghañ Tv.]

1) Raw, uncooked, undressed (opp. pakva) (oft. applied to the cow in the Veda; Rv.3.3.14.); आमान्नम् (āmānnam) Ms.4.223; Y.1.287.

2) Unripe, immature; तुदन्त्या- मत्वचं दंशा मशका मत्कुणादयः (tudantyā- matvacaṃ daṃśā maśakā matkuṇādayaḥ) Bhāg.3.31.27.

3) Unbaked, unannealed (as a jar); आमकुम्भ इवाम्भःस्थो विशीर्णः (āmakumbha ivāmbhaḥstho viśīrṇaḥ) H.4.66.

4) Undigested.

-m 1 State of being raw; शनैः शनैर्जहुः पङ्कं स्थलान्यामं च वीरुधः (śanaiḥ śanairjahuḥ paṅkaṃ sthalānyāmaṃ ca vīrudhaḥ) Bhāg.1.2.39.

2) Constipation, passing hard excretion.

3) Grain freed from chaff.

-maḥ 1 Disease; sickness.

2) Indigestion; आहारस्य रसः सारः यो न पक्वोऽग्निलाघवात् । आमसंज्ञां स लभते महाव्याधिसमाश्रयः (āhārasya rasaḥ sāraḥ yo na pakvo'gnilāghavāt | āmasaṃjñāṃ sa labhate mahāvyādhisamāśrayaḥ) || Suśr.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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