Vyadhi, Vyādhī, Vyādhi: 21 definitions



Vyadhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vyādhī (व्याधी) refers to “disease”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Hand book of domestic medicine: Basic principles of Āyurveda

Vyādhi (व्याधि):—All the diseases are classified into 3 major groups viz.

  1. Nija Roga,
  2. Āgantuja Roga
  3. and Mānasa Roga.

The diseases caused by the vitiation of Vāta, Pitta and Kapha are called Nija Roga; the diseases due to the trauma, bite etc. are Āgantuja Roga; and mental diseases are Mānasa Roga.

The diseases are also classified in 3 groups viz.

  1. Ādhyātmika,
  2. Ādhibhautika
  3. and Ādhidaivika.

The condition which causes uneasiness to Śarīra (body) or Mana (mind) is defined as Vyādhi or disease. It is produced by the three factors viz.

  1. Asātmyendriyārtha Saṃyoga,
  2. Prajñāparādha
  3. and Pariṇāma.
Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Vyādhi (व्याधि, “disease”).—Parāśara used the word ‘disease’ in Sanskrit (vyādhi) to differentiate from visible pests. He even listed goats, wild boars, pigs, deer, buffaloes, parakeets and sparrows among pests. Varāhamihira’s chapter on treatment of trees mentioned that trees are vulnerable to disease (vyādhi) when exposed to cold weather, strong winds, and hot sun; this possibly laid the foundation of classifying tree diseases based on humours such as vata, pitta and kapha (the tridoṣa of Āyurveda), which were formalized in later centuries in Surapāla’s Vṛkṣāyurveda.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “sickness”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “sickness”) refers to the eighth of the ten stages of love (kāma) arising in a woman (strī) and men (puṃs) alike, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

1) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “disease”) owes it origin to an attack of three humours such as wind (vāta), biles (pitta) and phlegm (kapha). Fever and similar other illnesses are special varieties of it.

Fever is of two kinds, viz.: (1) that with a feeling of cold (śīta-vyādhi) and (2) that with a feeling of heat (dāha-vyādhi). The other types of sicknesses are to be represented on the stage by consequents such as narrowing down the mouth, dullness of the body, deep breathing, making peculiar sounds, crying, tremor and the like.

2) Vyādhi (व्याधि).—One of the ten stages of love (kāma);—When after enjoying all objects fit for one in love, and even by desirable sprinkling, one fails to bring her condition under control, Sickness (vyādhi) appears. To represent Sickness, the eighth stage one is to show that she faints, the heart has no point on which to settle, the head aches badly, and one does not have any peace.

Note: Śāradātanaya’s Bhāvaprakāśana, p. 90. l.16-18. has ātaṅka (disquietude) which precedes unmāda.

3) Vyādhi (व्याधि).—Death from an attack of disease (vyādhi) should be represented by an occurrence of hiccup, hard breathing and imperceptible movement of limbs which should be relaxed.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vyādhi (व्याधि).—Vyādhi, Jarā, Śokā, Tṛṣṇā and Krodhā, were the daughters of Mṛtyu (Death). (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 20).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vyādhi (व्याधि).—A son of Mṛtyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 41.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Vyādhi (व्याधि) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of vyādhi-bhāva is VIII.9.—Here we can see the merciful condition of King Śāntanu on separation fron his beloved Satyavatī. His body loses its charm, it’s routine and thus becomes weak. Thus the sense of Vyādhi is expressed in the painful condition of King Śāntanu.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Vyādhi (व्याधि) or Vyādhibhaya refers to “fear of sickness” and represents one of the seven types of fear (bhaya), according to Cāmuṇḍarāya in his Caritrasāra. Accordingly, these seven bhayas are referred to by Cāmuṇḍarāya in connexion with niḥśaṅka, or “freedom from fear”, which represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the liṅga heading.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vyādhi : (m.) sickness; disease.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vyādhi, 2 (camel) see oṭṭhi°. (Page 654)

2) Vyādhi, 1 (see byādhi) sickness, malady, illness, disease A. I, 139 (as devadūta), 146, 155 sq.; III, 66; Ps. I, 59 sq.; II, 147; J. VI, 224; Vism. 236. Often in sequence jāti jarā vyādhi maraṇa, e.g. A. II, 172; III, 74 sq.; Vism. 232. (Page 654)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyādhi (व्याधि).—f (S and in Sanskrit masc) pop. vyādha f Disease in general; a disease, a malady, a sickness. 2 By way of eminence. The black leprosy. 3 Freely. A trouble or difficulty; a scrape or hobble: also a bore, plague, pest. 4 Applied angrily to a mischievous or troublesome child; answering to pestilent brat, plague, torment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyādhi (व्याधि) [-dha, -ध].—f A disease. The black leprosy. A trouble.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vyādhi (व्याधि).—disease (normally m.), f. Lalitavistara 351.11 (prose) avabuddhā sattva-vyādhiḥ, the disease of creatures was well understood (by the Buddha); yatra ca punar vyādhyā (gen.? or read °yāṃ, loc.?) vyupanāmyante Kāśyapa Parivarta 87.2, see s.v. upanāmayati (5), and for whatever disease they (medicines) are given; nt., Mahāvastu i.353.3 (prose) sarvaṃ ca kuṣṭha-vyādhiṃ visrutaṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyādhi (व्याधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. Sickness, disease in general, (op. to ādhi or “mental distress.”) 2. Leprosy. E. vi and āṅ before dhā to have, ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyādhi (व्याधि).—i. e. vyadh + i, m. 1. Pain, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 69, 5. 2. Sickness, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 3, M. M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyādhi (व्याधि).—[masculine] disease; ta [adjective] ill, sick.

--- OR ---

Vyādhī (व्याधी).—[feminine] care, sorrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyādhi (व्याधि):—[from vyadh] a See vy-ādhi, p. 1037, col. 1.

2) [=vy-ādhi] [from vyā-dhā] b m. (less probably from √vyadh, p.1031) disorder, disease, ailment, sickness, plague ([especially] leprosy), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Disease personified (as a Child of Mṛtyu or Death), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] any tormenting or vexatious person or thing (ifc., e.g. strī-v, a plague of a woman, very troublesome woman), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] Costus Speciosus or Arabicus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Vyādhī (व्याधी):—[=vy-ā-dhī] f. (√1. dhī, or dhyai) care, sorrow, [Atharva-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyādhi (व्याधि):—[vyā-dhi] (dhiḥ) 2. m. Sickness; leprosy.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vyādhi (व्याधि):—(von 1. dhā mit vyā) m.

1) Krankheit [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 312. 462.] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 15.] [Halāyudha 2, 445.] manastāpādyabhibhavājjvarādirvyādhiriṣyate [PRATĀPAR. 54,a,7.] vyādhirjvarādirvātādyaiḥ [Sāhityadarpana 192.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 26.] [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 5, 4.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 4, 8.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 4, 10, 3.] [Bhagavadgītā 13, 8.] [Suśruta 1, 1, 9. 3, 5. 6. 89, 1. fgg. 2, 442, 21.] [Spr. (II) 1205. 2358. (I) 5045.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 29, 23.] vyādherlakṣaṇam [Oxforder Handschriften 311,b,6.] vyādhīnāṃ vividhānāṃ nidānam [281,a, No. 659.] na ca tṛṣṇāparo vyādhiḥ [Spr. (II) 2011.] nahyauṣadhaparijñānādvyādheḥ śāntiḥ kvacidbhavet [(I) 3041.] vyādhibhiśca na pīḍyante [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 50.] pīḍita [4, 67. 8, 22.] [Spr. (II) 357.] guruvyādhipīḍita [3720.] vyādhibhiścopapīḍanam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 62. 12, 80.] vyādhyārta [8, 64.] vyādhibhirmathyamānaḥ [Spr. 5044.] bhaya [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 307.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 3, 17. 8, 4. 29, 12.] kara [5, 56.] apathyaiḥ saha saṃbhukte vyādhirannarase yathā [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 64, 57.] kenātyagādvyādhinā [72, 29.] vyādhirna te kacciccharīraṃ pratibādhate [87, 9.] taṃ vyādhiḥ spṛśati [Spr. 5183.] bahula (grāma) [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 60.] vyādhayaḥ prakupyanti [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 9, 33.] gata [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 4, 6.] dīrgha an einer langwierigen Krankheit leidend [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 10, 1, 6.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 22, 2, 17.] kaphaja [Suśruta 1, 159, 16.] udara [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 90.] kṣudvyādheḥ phalamūlamasti śamanam [Spr. 3124.] ādhi [MĀLATĪM. 69, 5.] kāmavyādhirasādhyo māmapyākrāmati [Mahābhārata 4, 395.] māra [NALOD. 3, 35.] dvividho jāyate vyādhiḥ śārīro mānasastathā [Mahābhārata 12, 489. fg. 14, 314.fg.] strī eine Plage von Weib [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 78, 13.] Personificirt ist die Krankheit ein Kind des Todes [Viṣṇupurāṇa 56.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 50, 31.] —

2) Costus speciosus oder arabicus (kuṣṭha; vgl. vyāpya) [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 4, 14.] [Medinīkoṣa] — Vgl. nirvyādha, pavana, mahā, vāta .

--- OR ---

Vyādhī (व्याधी):—(von dhī = dhyā mit vyā) f. Sorge [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 7, 114, 2.] — Vgl. 2. ādhi .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyādhi (व्याधि):—(nf) a malady, disease, an ailment; ~[kara/janaka] causing an ailment/a malady; ~[grasta/pīḍita] ill, afflicted by a malady, ailing, diseased; ~[nāśaka/hara] countering or removing an ailment/malady; -[maṃdira] the physical frame (full of diseases); ~[mukta/rahita/śūnya] free from maladies/ailments; healthy; ~[yukta] afflicted by a malady, ill, ailing.

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