Vyadhi, aka: Vyādhī, Vyādhi; 10 Definition(s)


Vyadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Vyādhī (व्याधी) refers to “disease”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vyādhi (व्याधि):—All the diseases are classified into 3 major groups viz.

  1. Nija Roga,
  2. Āgantuja Roga
  3. and Mānasa Roga.

The diseases caused by the vitiation of Vāta, Pitta and Kapha are called Nija Roga; the diseases due to the trauma, bite etc. are Āgantuja Roga; and mental diseases are Mānasa Roga.

The diseases are also classified in 3 groups viz.

  1. Ādhyātmika,
  2. Ādhibhautika
  3. and Ādhidaivika.

The condition which causes uneasiness to Śarīra (body) or Mana (mind) is defined as Vyādhi or disease. It is produced by the three factors viz.

  1. Asātmyendriyārtha Saṃyoga,
  2. Prajñāparādha
  3. and Pariṇāma.
(Source): Hand book of domestic medicine: Basic principles of Āyurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “sickness”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “sickness”) refers to the eighth of the ten stages of love (kāma) arising in a woman (strī) and men (puṃs) alike, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “disease”) owes it origin to an attack of three humours such as wind (vāta), biles (pitta) and phlegm (kapha). Fever and similar other illnesses are special varieties of it.

Fever is of two kinds, viz.

  1. that with a feeling of cold (śīta-vyādhi)
  2. and that with a feeling of heat (dāha-vyādhi).

Śītavyādhi should be represented by consequents (anubhāva) such as shivering, tremor of the entire body, bending the body, shaking of the jaws, narrowing down the nasal passage, dryness of the mouth, horripilation, lamentation and the like. Dāhavyādhi is to be represented by throwing out clothes, the hands and the feet, desire to roll on the ground, use of unguent, desire for coolness, lamentation, crying and the like.

The other types of sicknesses are to be represented on the stage by consequents such as narrowing down the mouth, dullness of the body, deep breathing, making peculiar sounds, crying, tremor and the like.

2) Vyādhi (व्याधि).—One of the ten stages of love (kāma);—When after enjoying all objects fit for one in love, and even by desirable sprinkling, one fails to bring her condition under control, Sickness (vyādhi) appears. To represent Sickness, the eighth stage one is to show that she faints, the heart has no point on which to settle, the head aches badly, and one does not have any peace.

3) Vyādhi (व्याधि).—Death from an attack of disease (vyādhi) should be represented by an occurrence of hiccup, hard breathing and imperceptible movement of limbs which should be relaxed.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Vyādhi (व्याधि).—A son of Mṛtyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 41.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


vyādhi : (m.) sickness; disease.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vyādhi, 2 (camel) see oṭṭhi°. (Page 654)

2) Vyādhi, 1 (see byādhi) sickness, malady, illness, disease A. I, 139 (as devadūta), 146, 155 sq.; III, 66; Ps. I, 59 sq.; II, 147; J. VI, 224; Vism. 236. Often in sequence jāti jarā vyādhi maraṇa, e.g. A. II, 172; III, 74 sq.; Vism. 232. (Page 654)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vyādhi (व्याधि) or Vyādhibhaya refers to “fear of sickness” and represents one of the seven types of fear (bhaya), according to Cāmuṇḍarāya in his Caritrasāra. Accordingly, these seven bhayas are referred to by Cāmuṇḍarāya in connexion with niḥśaṅka, or “freedom from fear”, which represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the liṅga heading.

(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vyādhi (व्याधि) [-dha, -ध].—f A disease. The black leprosy. A trouble.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 40 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vyadhikaraṇa (व्यधिकरण).—Characterized by different case-relations or case-affixes; possessed o...
Śītavyādhi (शीतव्याधि).— Fever (vyādhi) with a feeling of cold (śīta) should be repres...
Vyādhimaraṇa (व्याधिमरण).—“Death from sickness” is caused by determinants (vibhāva) su...
Dāhavyādhi (दाहव्याधि).—Fever (vyādhi) with a feeling of heat (dāha), is to be represe...
Vyādhibhaya (व्याधिभय) or simply Vyādhi refers to “fear of sickness” and represents one of the ...
Tejovyādhi (तेजोव्याधि) refers to illnesses of fire.—Cold (śīta), sweet (madhura), bitter (tikt...
Mohavyādhi (मोहव्याधि) refers to “sickness of delusion”.
Cetovyādhi (चेतोव्याधि) refers to illnesses of the mind.—Buddhadharma is to remedy sickness of ...
Rāgavyādhi (रागव्याधि) refers to the sickness of attachment.
Dveṣavyādhi (द्वेषव्याधि) refers to “sickness of hatred”.
Vāyuvyādhi (वायुव्याधि) refers to “illnesses of wind”.—Thus hot (uṣṇa), fatty (medasvin), acidi...
Bhaya (भय) or Pañcabhaya refers to the “five fears” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section ...
Jāti (जाति).—The Classical metres are divided into three types viz. 1. vṛtta or varṇa, 2. mātrā...
kama (कम).—a Less, wanting, short of.--- OR --- kāma (काम).—n An action. A work. Use. Need of. ...
Jarā (जरा, “old age”) refers to one of the thirteen “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “unassocia...

Relevant text

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