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Vyadhi, aka: Vyādhī, Vyādhi; 7 Definition(s)


Vyadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Vyādhī (व्याधी) refers to “disease”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vyādhi (व्याधि):—All the diseases are classified into 3 major groups viz.

  1. Nija Roga,
  2. Āgantuja Roga
  3. and Mānasa Roga.

The diseases caused by the vitiation of Vāta, Pitta and Kapha are called Nija Roga; the diseases due to the trauma, bite etc. are Āgantuja Roga; and mental diseases are Mānasa Roga.

The diseases are also classified in 3 groups viz.

  1. Ādhyātmika,
  2. Ādhibhautika
  3. and Ādhidaivika.

The condition which causes uneasiness to Śarīra (body) or Mana (mind) is defined as Vyādhi or disease. It is produced by the three factors viz.

  1. Asātmyendriyārtha Saṃyoga,
  2. Prajñāparādha
  3. and Pariṇāma.
Source: Hand book of domestic medicine: Basic principles of ĀyurvedaĀyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “sickness”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “sickness”) refers to the eighth of the ten stages of love (kāma) arising in a woman (strī) and men (puṃs) alike, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vyādhi (व्याधि, “disease”) owes it origin to an attack of three humours such as wind (vāta), biles (pitta) and phlegm (kapha). Fever and similar other illnesses are special varieties of it.

Fever is of two kinds, viz.

  1. that with a feeling of cold (śīta-vyādhi)
  2. and that with a feeling of heat (dāha-vyādhi).

Śītavyādhi should be represented by consequents (anubhāva) such as shivering, tremor of the entire body, bending the body, shaking of the jaws, narrowing down the nasal passage, dryness of the mouth, horripilation, lamentation and the like. Dāhavyādhi is to be represented by throwing out clothes, the hands and the feet, desire to roll on the ground, use of unguent, desire for coolness, lamentation, crying and the like.

The other types of sicknesses are to be represented on the stage by consequents such as narrowing down the mouth, dullness of the body, deep breathing, making peculiar sounds, crying, tremor and the like.

2) Vyādhi (व्याधि).—One of the ten stages of love (kāma);—When after enjoying all objects fit for one in love, and even by desirable sprinkling, one fails to bring her condition under control, Sickness (vyādhi) appears. To represent Sickness, the eighth stage one is to show that she faints, the heart has no point on which to settle, the head aches badly, and one does not have any peace.

3) Vyādhi (व्याधि).—Death from an attack of disease (vyādhi) should be represented by an occurrence of hiccup, hard breathing and imperceptible movement of limbs which should be relaxed.

Source: archive.org: Natya ShastraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Vyādhi (व्याधि).—A son of Mṛtyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 41.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


vyādhi : (m.) sickness; disease.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vyādhi, 2 (camel) see oṭṭhi°. (Page 654)

2) Vyādhi, 1 (see byādhi) sickness, malady, illness, disease A. I, 139 (as devadūta), 146, 155 sq.; III, 66; Ps. I, 59 sq.; II, 147; J. VI, 224; Vism. 236. Often in sequence jāti jarā vyādhi maraṇa, e.g. A. II, 172; III, 74 sq.; Vism. 232. (Page 654)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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