Samyaktva, Saṃyaktva, Samyanc-tva, Samkaktva: 11 definitions


Samyaktva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samyaktva in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व) refers to “faultless (reality)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of the dharma (dharmānusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? [...] The dharma is beyond distinguishing marks, and he who pursues distinguishing marks is without the recollection of the dharma. The dharma is unconditioned, and he who is dependent on the conditioned place is without the recollection of the dharma. Further, the recollection of the dharma is to see the fact that there is no origination of any conditioned thing, and to enter into faultless reality (samyaktva-niyama). The Bodhisattva, knowing that all dharmas are not originated because of their intrinsic nature, attains the tolerance that all things are unborn. This state of being is the true dharma”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samyaktva in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Saṃyaktva (संयक्त्व) refers to “right faith” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as saṃyaktva) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Jaina Yoga

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व, “right belief”) according to Digambara Jainism.—Samyaktva or Samyagdṛṣṭi, in the translation generally used: “right belief”, is defined by Pūjyapāda and Cāmuṇḍarāya as “faith in the path to final liberation indicated by the Jina” (see the Caritrasāra). Other Digambaras such as Samantabhadra, Somadeva, and Vasunandin describe it with greater precision as faith in the three articles of belief (see the Śrāvakācāra by Vasunandin): āpta (the Jina), āgama (the scriptures), and padārtha or tattva (the dogmas). Others again prefer to visualize it from the negative angle as the absence of twenty-five blemishes (dṛg-doṣas).

Samyaktva according to Śvetāmbara Jainism.—For the Śvetāmbaras from the Pañcāśakas onwards samyaktva means faith in the truths enunciated by the Tīrthaṅkara. Hemacandra calls it “faith in the right deva, the right guru, and the right dharma”.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व) refers to “right-belief-doubt” and represents one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (e.g., samyaktva). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Saṃyaktva (संयक्त्व).—One of the activities (kriyā) of transmigression-extending influx (sāmparāyika).—Activities like worshipping the true omniscient, scriptures and teachers to strengthen the right faith are called saṃyaktva-kriyā.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व) refers to “mixed wrong and right belief” and is classified as one of the three types of Darśanamohanīya (“faith deluding”) karmas according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. This Darśanamohanīya represents one of the two main divisions of the Mohanīya (“deluding”) karmas, which is one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage), which in turn is one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha). What is meant by mixed wrong and right belief (samyaktva) karmas? The karmas, rise of which produce a flaw in the right belief is called mixed wrong and right belief.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व) refers to “orthodoxy”, according to the Yogaśāstra verse 2.1.—Accordingly, “As far as a householder is concerned, the roots of orthodoxy (samyaktva-mūla) are the five minor vows (aṇuvrata), the three virtuous [vows] (guṇavrata), [and] the four educational vows (śikṣāvrata). [These twelve vows progressively bring him closer to the life of a mendicant]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyaktva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व):—[=samyak-tva] [from samyak > samy-añc] n. idem, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] completeness, perfection, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya] (kṣāyika-s, ‘that perfection in which material existence is destroyed’ [Horace H. Wilson])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व):—(tvaṃ) 1. n. Accuracy; totality.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samyaktva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyaktva in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samkaktva (ಸಮ್ಕಕ್ತ್ವ):—

1) [noun] the state or fact of being entire; wholeness; completeness; entirety.

2) [noun] (jain.) passionate interest towards Jaina philosophy and religion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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