Samyaktva, Saṃyaktva: 8 definitions



Samyaktva means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samyaktva in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Saṃyaktva (संयक्त्व) refers to “right faith” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as saṃyaktva) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Jaina Yoga

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व, “right belief”) according to Digambara Jainism.—Samyaktva or Samyagdṛṣṭi, in the translation generally used: “right belief”, is defined by Pūjyapāda and Cāmuṇḍarāya as “faith in the path to final liberation indicated by the Jina” (see the Caritrasāra). Other Digambaras such as Samantabhadra, Somadeva, and Vasunandin describe it with greater precision as faith in the three articles of belief (see the Śrāvakācāra by Vasunandin): āpta (the Jina), āgama (the scriptures), and padārtha or tattva (the dogmas). Others again prefer to visualize it from the negative angle as the absence of twenty-five blemishes (dṛg-doṣas).

Samyaktva according to Śvetāmbara Jainism.—For the Śvetāmbaras from the Pañcāśakas onwards samyaktva means faith in the truths enunciated by the Tīrthaṅkara. Hemacandra calls it “faith in the right deva, the right guru, and the right dharma”.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व) refers to “right-belief-doubt” and represents one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (e.g., samyaktva). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Saṃyaktva (संयक्त्व).—One of the activities (kriyā) of transmigression-extending influx (sāmparāyika).—Activities like worshipping the true omniscient, scriptures and teachers to strengthen the right faith are called saṃyaktva-kriyā.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व) refers to “mixed wrong and right belief” and is classified as one of the three types of Darśanamohanīya (“faith deluding”) karmas according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. This Darśanamohanīya represents one of the two main divisions of the Mohanīya (“deluding”) karmas, which is one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage), which in turn is one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha). What is meant by mixed wrong and right belief (samyaktva) karmas? The karmas, rise of which produce a flaw in the right belief is called mixed wrong and right belief.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyaktva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व):—[=samyak-tva] [from samyak > samy-añc] n. idem, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] completeness, perfection, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya] (kṣāyika-s, ‘that perfection in which material existence is destroyed’ [Horace H. Wilson])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व):—(tvaṃ) 1. n. Accuracy; totality.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व):—(wie eben) n. dass.: ye vittamabhipadyante samyaktvaṃ teṣu durlabham [Mahābhārata 12, 787.] Vollkommenheit: kecitsamyaktvaṃ ca prapedire [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 14, 67.] kṣāyika [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 313.] kaumudī Titel einer Schrift 283. samyaktvādhyāyana (zu lesen dhyāpana oder dhyayana) desgl. 282.

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Samyaktva (सम्यक्त्व):—ebend. [2, 1. 15.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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