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Vatta, aka: Vaṭṭa; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vatta means something in Buddhism, Pali. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Buddhism

Pali

1) Vatta, 4 at J. V, 443 is corrupt for vaṇṭha cripple. (Page 598)

2) Vatta, 3 (vyatta, Sk. vyātta, of vi+ā+) opened wide Vin. III, 37; J. V, 268 (vatte mukhe). (Page 597)

3) Vatta, 2 (nt.) (cp. Sk. vaktra & P. vattar) the mouth (lit. “speaker”) Pgdp 55 (sūci-vatto mah’odaro peto). (Page 597)

4) Vatta, 1 (nt.) (orig. pp. of vattati) 1. that which is done, which goes on or is customary, i.e. duty, service, custom, function Vin. II, 31; Sn. 294, 393 (gahaṭṭha°); Vism. 188 (cetiy’aṅgaṇa° etc.); DhA. I, 92 (ācariya°); VbhA. 354 (gata-paccāgata°); VvA. 47 (gāma°).—2. (for vata2) observance, vow, virtue D. III, 9 (the 7 vattapadāni, diff. from those enumd under vata-pada); Nd1 66 (sīlañ ca vattañ ca), 92 (hatthi° etc. : see vata2 2), 104 (°suddhi), 106 (id.), 188 (giving 8 dhutaṅgas as vattas).

—paṭivatta all kinds of practices or duties J. I, 67; II, 103; III, 339; IV, 298; Miln. 416 (sucarita°); DhA. I, 13 sq.; II, 277; IV, 28. —bbata the usual custom DhA. IV, 44; C on S. I, 36 § 2 and on S. II, 18 § 4 sq. —sampanna one who keeps all observances VbhA. 297 (where the foll. vattāni are enumd: 82 khuddaka-vattāni. 14 mahā°, cetiyaṅgaṇa°, bodhiyaṅgaṇa°, pānīyamāḷa°, uposathāgāra°, āgantuka°, gamika°). (Page 597)

— or —

1) Vaṭṭa, 2 (“rained”): see abhivaṭṭa and vaṭṭha (vuṭṭha); otherwise only at DhA. II, 265. (Page 594)

2) Vaṭṭa, 1 (adj. -nt.) (pp. of vṛt, Sk. vṛtta in meaning of “round” as well as “happened, become” etc. The two meanings have become differentiated in Pāli: vaṭṭa is not found in meaning of “happened. ” All three Pāli meanings are specialized, just as the pres. vaṭṭati is specialized in meaning “behoves”) 1. round, circular; (nt.) circle PvA. 185 (āyata+); KhA 50 (°nāli). See cpd. °aṅguli.—2. (fig.) “rolling on, ” the “round” of existences, cycle of transmigrations, saṃsāra, evolution (=involution) (as forward or ascending circle of existences, without implying a teleological idea, in contrast to vivaṭṭa “rolling back” or devolution, i.e. a new (descending) cycle of existence in a new aeon with inverted (vi-) motion, so to speak) S. III, 63; IV, 53 (pariyādiṇṇa°), cp. M. III, 118; Th. 1, 417 (sabba°: “all constant rolling on” trsln); SnA 351 (=upādāna); DhsA. 238.—There are 3 vaṭṭas, (te-bhūmaka vaṭṭa, see also tivaṭṭa) embracing existence in the stages of kamma-vaṭṭa, kilesa° and vipāka°, or circle of deed, sin & result (found only in Commentarial literature): KhA 189; SnA 510 (tebhūmaka°); DhA. I, 289 (kilesa°); IV, 69 (tebhūmaka°). See also Māra; and °dukkha, °vivaṭṭa below.—3. “what has been proffered, ” expenditure, alms (as t. t.) J. VI, 333 (dāna° alms-gift); DhA. II, 29 (pāka° cooked food as alms); VvA. 222 (id.); Mhvs 32, 61 (alms-pension); 34, 64 (salāka-vaṭṭabhatta).—Cp. vi°.

—aṅguli a rounded (i.e. well-formed) finger; adj. having round fingers Vv 6413 (=anupubbato v. i.e. regularly formed, VvA. 280); J. V, 207, 215. —aṅgulika same as last J. V, 204. —ânugata accompanied by (or affected with) saṃsāra J. I, 91 (dhana). —ûpaccheda destruction of the cycle of rebirths A. II, 34=It. 88; A. III, 35; Vism. 293. —kathā discussion about saṃsāra Vism. 525; DA. I, 126; VbhA. 133. —kāra a worker in brass. The meaning of vaṭṭa in this connection is not clear; the same vaṭṭa occurs in °loha (“round” metal?). Kern, Toev. s. v. compares it with Sk. vardhra leather strap, taking vaṭṭa as a corruption of vaḍḍha, but the connection brass›leather seems far-fetched. It is only found at Miln. 331. —dukkha the “ill” of transmigration (a Commentary expression) Vism. 315; DhA. IV, 149; VvA. 116. —paṭighātaka(ṃ) (vivaṭṭaṃ) (a devolution) destroying evolution, i.e. salvation from saṃsāra SnA 106. —bhaya fear of saṃsāra VbhA. 256. —mūla the root of saṃsāra DhA. III, 278. —vivaṭṭa (1) evolving and devolving; going round and back again, i.e. all round (a formation after the manner of reduplicative cpds. like cuṇṇa-vicuṇṇa in intensive-iterative meaning), °vasena in direct and inverse succession, all round, completely J. I, 75. Cp. also vatta-paṭivatta.—(2) saṃsāra in ascending and descending lines, evolution (“involution”) and devolution, or one round of trans‹-› migration and the other. It is dogmatically defined at Nett 113 as “vaṭṭaṃ saṃsāro vivaṭṭaṃ nibbānaṃ” (similarly, opposed to vaṭṭa at DA. I, 126) which is however not the general meaning, the vivaṭṭa not necessarily meaning a nibbāna stage. See SnA 106 (quoted above); VvA. 68. We have so far not found any passage where it might be interpreted in the comprehensive sense as meaning “the total round of existences, “ after the fashion of cpds. like bhavâbhava. —loha “round metal” (?), one of the 3 kittima-lohāni mentioned at VbhA. 63 (kaṃsa°, vaṭṭa°, ārakūṭa); also at Miln. 267 (with kāḷa°, tamba° & kaṃsa°, where in the trsln Rh. D. does not give a def. expln of the word). (Page 594)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

vatta : (nt.) duty; service; function. || vaṭṭa (adj.), circular; round. (nt.), a circle; the cycle of rebirth; an expenditure or provision for alms.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. 'round',

  • 2. 'round of rebirths'.

  • (1) With reference to the dependent origination (paticcasamuppāda), Vis.M. XVII speaks of 3 rounds:

    • the karma round (kamma-vatta) comprising the karma-formations and the karma process (2nd and 10th links);

    • the round of defilements (kilesa-vatta) comprising ignorance, craving and clinging (1st, 8th and 9th links);

    • the round of results (vipāka-vatta) comprising consciousness, mind and corporeality, 6 bases, impression, feeling (3rd-7th links).

    Cf. paticcasamuppāda (diagram).

    (2) round of rebirth = samsāra.

    Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

    N Fact to move from one existence to the next. Continuous suffering of sansara.

    Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English GlossaryThe cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. This denotes both the death and rebirth of living beings and the death and rebirth of defilement (kilesa) within the mind. See samsara.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

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