Dodhaka: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Dodhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dodhaka (दोधक) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the fourth, the seventh the tenth and the eleventh syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦
⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦

Dodhaka falls in the Triṣṭup (Triṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eleven syllables each.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Dodhaka (दोधक) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Dodhaka) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Dodhaka (दोधक) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Dodhaka corresponds to Upacitrā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

3) Dodhaka (दोधक) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Dodhaka) in 20 verses.

4) Dodhaka (दोधक) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., dodhaka) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

5) Dodhaka (दोधक) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

6) Dodhaka (दोधक) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the dodhaka metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Dodhaka (दोधक) is another name for Bhittaka, which refers to a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Bhittaka has 16 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of [SII], [SII], [SII] and [SII] mātrās.—The Nandinī or the Chittaka and Bhittaka are varṇa-vṛttas known respectively as Toḍaka and Dodhaka.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dodhaka (दोधक).—Name of a metre consisting of three भगण (bhagaṇa)s and one गुरु (guru).

Derivable forms: dodhakam (दोधकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dodhaka (दोधक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A form of metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dodhaka (दोधक).—[neuter] [Name] of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dodhaka (दोधक):—mfn. robbing one’s own master, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) n. a form of metre (also -vṛtta n.), [Śrutabodha; Chandomañjarī]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dodhaka (दोधक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dodhaa, Dodhaka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dodhaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Dodhaka (दोधक) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dodhaka.

Dodhaka has the following synonyms: Dodhaa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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