Vivarana, Vivaraṇa: 22 definitions
Vivarana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vivaran.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India
Vivaraṇa (विवरण) refers to “pervading” and is the action (karma) associated with Sūkṣma (“subtle”): one of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Sūkṣma (“subtle”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of air, space and the associated actions of “pervading/vivaraṇa”; while Sthūla (“gross”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth and is associated with the action “covering/saṃvaraṇa”.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vivaraṇa (विवरण).—Critical comment; a name given by a writer of commentary works to a critical commentary work written by him; e. g. काशि-काविवरणपञ्जिका (kāśi-kāvivaraṇapañjikā) (न्यास (nyāsa)) by Jinendrabuddhi, भाष्यप्रदीपविवरण (bhāṣyapradīpavivaraṇa) (उद्द्योत (uddyota)) by Nāgeśa, as also लघुशब्देन्दुशेखरविवरण (laghuśabdenduśekharavivaraṇa) by Bhāskaraśastrī Abhyankar.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Oxford Reference: A Dictionary of Hinduism
A school of interpretation within the Advaita Vedānta tradition, following the lead of Śaṅkara's pupil Padmapāda in its reading of the master's thought. As well as stressing the importance of Vedic study, and direct experience of brahman (neut.), over activities such as yoga, the Vivaraṇa also regarded ignorance (māyā) as a cosmic phenomenon relating to brahman, and was thus opposed to the rival Bhāmatī school.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Vivaraṇa (विवरण) refers to “interruptions (of depravities)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Thus he becomes one who subjugates the works of Māra (mārakarman). What then is the subjugation of the works of Māra? That by means of which none of Māra can find a weak point in the Bodhisattva. [...] (27) having a lazy mind thinking that whatever is done by living beings is sufficient is the work of Māra; (28) living in pride with no respect, slanderous speech, having falsehood and fraud, taking pleasure in fabrications, dishonesty, harsh and unpleasant [speech], not criticizing sins, pulling out the root of dharmas, being satisfied with little learning-dharma, seeking for the non-dharma, desire for the non-dharma, not blocking (aviṣkambhaṇa) obstructions (āvaraṇa), interruptions (vivaraṇa), the uprising (paryutthāna) [of depravities] are the works of Māra; [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geographySource: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
1) Vivaraṇa (विवरण) is the name of a commentary on Kāvyaprakāśa of Mammaṭa ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.), son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya, who was exponent on Navya Nyāya system on Indian Philosophy and well-versed in Tantrasāra. Some of Gokulanātha’s verses are mentioned in Vidyākarasahasraka (pp. 92-93).
2) Vivaraṇa (विवरण) is the name of a commentary on Dhātukāvya of Nārāyaṇa Bhaṭṭa ascribed to Rāmapāṇivāda (18th Century): a scholar of multi discipline, who flourished in Kerala in the 18th Century. He was a prolific writer both in Sanskrit and Prakrit. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXIV. pp. 173-74.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vivaraṇa : (nt.) opening; unveiling; revelation.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vivaraṇa, (nt.) (fr. vivarati) 1. uncovering, unveiling, making open, revelation, in loka° laying open the worlds, unveiling of the Universe; referred to as a great miracle at Vism. 392; Miln. 350; Dāvs II. 120; J. IV, 266.—2. opening, unfolding, making accessible, purifying (fig.), in ceto° A. III, 117, 121; IV, 352; V, 67.—3. explanation, making clear (cp. vibhajana) Nett 8 (as f.); SnA 445. (Page 637)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vivaraṇa (विवरण).—n S Exposition, explanation, interpretation, explication by paraphrase or comment.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vivaraṇa (विवरण).—n Exposition, explanation.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Displaying, expressing, unfolding, opening.
2) Exposing, laying bare or open.
3) Exposition, explanation, gloss, comment, interpretation.
4) Describing, description.
5) A sentence.
Derivable forms: vivaraṇam (विवरणम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vivaraṇa (विवरण).—(1) should mean opening; so Sanskrit and Pali; meaning uncertain in sarvāvaraṇa-vivaraṇa-paryutthāna-(q.v.)- vigataḥ Mahāvyutpatti 814, epithet of Bodhisattvas; Tibetan sgrib pa (= āvaraṇa) daṅ chad pa (must = vivarṇa) daṅ kun nas ldaṅ ba (= paryutthāna) thams cad (= sarva) daṅ bral ba (= vigata). I should like to render: free from the opening out and overwhelming (taking possession) of the ‘obscurations’ (sins); [Tibetan-English Dictionary] gives to open…to give out among other mgs. of the confusing word(s) chad pa. But the repeated daṅ in Tibetan suggests rather a three-member dvandva. Another meaning of chad pa is punishment, but it is hard to see how vivaraṇa could get that meaning; (2) (nt.?) a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 105.25, = varaṇa Mahāvyutpatti 7852 (cited from Gaṇḍavyūha; not in Gaṇḍavyūha 133).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Explanation, exposition, gloss, comment. 2. Interpretation, translation. 3. Uncovering, exposing, laying bare or open. 4. Detailing, describing. E. vi before vṛ to select, (the meaning,) aff. lyuṭ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vivaraṇa (विवरण).—i. e. vi-vṛ + ana, n. 1. Uncovering. 2. Explanation. 3. A sentence, Brahmav. 2, 28. 4. Detailing.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vivaraṇa (विवरण).—[neuter] opening, uncovering, explaining.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Vivaraṇa (विवरण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—vedānta. Rice. 170.
—by Vidyāraṇya. Oppert. 3213. 3544. 6665. 6998. 7780. Ii, 4938.
—[commentary] Ii, 4939. 4940.
1) Vivaraṇa (विवरण):—[=vi-varaṇa] [from vi-vara > vi-vṛ] mfn. the act of uncovering, spreading out, opening, laying bare or open, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya; Mahābhārata; Suśruta]
2) [v.s. ...] explanation, exposition, interpretation, gloss, comment, translation, interpretation, specification etc., [Purāṇa; Śaṃkarācārya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
3) [v.s. ...] a sentence, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] on VedāntaSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vivaraṇa (विवरण):—[vi-varaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Laying open; de scription; explanation; translation.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vivaraṇa (विवरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vivaraṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Vivaraṇa (विवरण) [Also spelled vivaran]:—(nm) an account, description; commentary; particulars, details; minutes; briefing; report, statement; account; ~[ṇakāra] commentator; ~[ṇikā] a brochure; prospectus; ~[ṇī] report, return.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Vivaraṇa (विवरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vivaraṇa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the act of opening, expanding.
2) [noun] a stretching, spreading or being stretched or spread.
3) [noun] a cleaning of cotton fibres after separated from the seeds.
4) [noun] a giving or report of complete or nearly complete information about something; such detailed information.
5) [noun] the act or an instance of expressing something; expression.
6) [noun] (math.) a reducing of one quantity from another or finding the difference between two quantities; subtraction.
7) [noun] a justifying something by reasoning; justification.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Vivaranabhavaprakashika, Vivaranacatuhsutri, Vivaranadarpana, Vivaranakarikabhashya, Vivaranalika, Vivaranaprameyasamgraha, Vivaranaprasthana, Vivaranaratna, Vivaranasamgraha, Vivaranasarasamgraha, Vivaranatattvadipana, Vivaranavrana.
Ends with (+113): Advaitaratnakoshavivarana, Agamashastravivarana, Aishvaryavivarana, Amanaskayogavivarana, Anitkarikavivarana, Antakriddashavivarana, Anuvakanunayavivarana, Ashtasahasrivivarana, Ashtavikritivivarana, Atmaprakashikavivarana, Avayavamanididhitivivarana, Bahvricashodashakarmamantravivarana, Bauddhadhikaravivarana, Bhagavadgitabhashyavivarana, Bhagavadgitavivarana, Bhagavatapuranamahavivarana, Bhaktisamnyasanirnayavivarana, Bharatavarshavivarana, Bhashyapradipavivarana, Bhasvativivarana.
Full-text (+150): Pushtipravahamaryadabheda, Vivaranavrana, Vivaranasarasamgraha, Vivaranatattvadipana, Vivaranaprameyasamgraha, Vivaranakarikabhashya, Vivaranaratna, Vivaranasamgraha, Vivaranadarpana, Vivaranaprasthana, Vivaranabhavaprakashika, Vivaranacatuhsutri, Pancapadika, Vivaranopanyasa, Vivarane, Prapancasara, Mahavakya, Prakashatman, Sthalakriti, Dipikavivarana.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Vivarana, Vi-varana, Vi-varaṇa, Vivaraṇa; (plurals include: Vivaranas, varanas, varaṇas, Vivaraṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - Teachers and Pupils in Vedānta < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 26 - Nṛsiṃhāśrama Muni (a.d. 1500) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 7 - Śaṅkara and his School < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
(ii) Pṛthvīdhara < [50. Some Pre-Śaṅkara Advaitins]
Book Reviews < [July – September, 1995]
A New Star in the Advaitic Galaxy < [April – June, 1979]
Dharma: Some Aspects < [July – September, 1993]
Contribution of Vachaspati-Mishra to Samkhya System (by Sasikumar. B)
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)