Vama, Vāma, Vāmā: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vāmā (वामा).—An attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 12).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vāma (वाम) is used as an epithet for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Vāma, Vāmarūpa, Vāmanetra, Aghora, the great lord and the Vikaṭa. Obeisance to Tatpuruṣa, to Nātha, the ancient Puruṣa, the bestower of the four aims of life, Vratin, and Parameṣṭhin. Obeisance to you, Īśānas, Īśvara, Brahman, of the form of Brahman, the Supreme Soul”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vāma (वाम).—A name of Śiva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 3. 8.

1b) A son of Bhūta and Sarūpā: a Rudra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 17.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Bhadrā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17.

1d) A horse of the moon's chariot;1 sons of Kratu.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 53.
  • 2) Ib. 62. 9.

2) Vāmā (वामा).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 73; 44. 140.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vāmā (वामा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.16). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāmā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vāma (वाम, “hostile”) refers to a term to be used by women who is angered addressing their beloved, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “he who even being forbidden to do anything does that very thing, and resolutely, is called ‘hostile’ (vāma)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Vāma (वाम) or Vāmāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Cintyāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Vāma Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Cintya-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Vāma (वाम) or Vāmatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Vāma-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Vāma (वाम) or Vāmasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (e.g., Vāma-saṃhitā).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Vama (वम) refers to “vomiting”, mentioned in verse 4.18 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Erysipelas, urticaria, leprosy itching of the eyes, jaundice, and fever as well as cough, dyspnea, palpitation of the heart, freckles of the face, and swellings of the skin (result) from (suppressed) vomiting [viz., vama]. A gargle, an inhalant, a fast, after one has eaten pungent (food)—its ejection, gymnastics, a bloodletting, and a purgative (are) commended in this case”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vāmā (वामा) is the mother of Pārśvanātha according to Śvetāmbara (but she is named Varmilā according to Digambara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Pārśvanātha is the twenty-third of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Vāmā is Aśvasena. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Vāmā (वामा) or Brahmā is the mother of Pārśvanātha: the twenty-third of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Pārśvanātha was probably born about 817 and died about 717 B.C. His father Aśvasena was the King of Benares. His mother’s name was Vāmā or Brahmā. Pārśva was a brave warrior and once he carried his victorious arms down to Kaliṅga. He married the daughter of King Prasenajit, King of Kośala, but like Prince Siddhārtha, he left his princess to follow the life of an ascetic at 30 years of age.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vāma : (adj.) left; agreeable.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vāma, (adj.) (Vedic vāma) 1. left, the left side (always opposed to dakkhiṇa) J. IV, 407 (°akkhi); Pv IV. 78; Miln. 295 (°gāhin left-handed); PvA. 178 (°passa left side). As “northern” at J. V, 416. vāmaṃ karoti to upset J. IV, 101.—Instr. vāmena on the left Sn. p. 80. ‹-› Abl. vāmato from or on the left J. III, 340; Pv. II, 320 (as much as “reverse”; PvA. 87=vilomato).—2. beautiful; only in cpd. vām-ūru having beautiful thighs D. II, 266; J. II, 443. So read at both places for vāmuru. (Page 609)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vāma (वाम).—a (S) Left, not right. 2 Reverse, contrary, inverted. vāmabāhu The left arm; vāmahasta The left hand; vāmāṅga The left side.

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vāma (वाम).—n ( A Used only in conjunction with the word karja, as karjavāma) Debt.

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vāma (वाम).—m pl P Spasms (esp. in the epidemic Cholera). v vaḷa. 2 f m See vāmba f m.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vāma (वाम).—a Left. Reverse. n Debt. m pl Spasms.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vama (वम).—Ejecting, vomiting, giving out.

Derivable forms: vamaḥ (वमः).

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Vāma (वाम).—a. Left (opp. dakṣiṇa); विलोचनं दक्षिणमञ्जनेन संभाव्य तद्वञ्चितवामनेत्रा (vilocanaṃ dakṣiṇamañjanena saṃbhāvya tadvañcitavāmanetrā) R.7.8; Me.8,98.

2) Being or situated on the left side; वामश्चायं नदति मधुरं चातकस्ते सगन्धः (vāmaścāyaṃ nadati madhuraṃ cātakaste sagandhaḥ) Me.9; (vāmena is used adverbially in the same sense; e. g. vāmenātra vaṭastamadhvagajanaḥ sarvātmanā sevate K. P.1).

3) (a) Reverse, contrary, opposite, adverse, unfavourable; तदहो कामस्य वामा गतिः (tadaho kāmasya vāmā gatiḥ) Gīt.12; Māl.9.8; Bk.6.17; (b) Acting contrary, of an opposite nature; यान्त्येवं गृहिणीपदं युवतयो वामाः कुलस्याधयः (yāntyevaṃ gṛhiṇīpadaṃ yuvatayo vāmāḥ kulasyādhayaḥ) Ś.4.18. (c) Perverse, crooked-natured, refractory; Ś.6. (d Coy (in love). (e) Hard, cruel.

4) Vile, wicked, base low, bad; उवाच वामं चक्षुर्भ्यामभिवीक्ष्य दहन्निव (uvāca vāmaṃ cakṣurbhyāmabhivīkṣya dahanniva) Bhāg.4.2.8; आसक्तास्तास्वमी मूढा वामशीला हि जन्तवः (āsaktāstāsvamī mūḍhā vāmaśīlā hi jantavaḥ) Ki.11.24.

5) Lovely, beautiful, charming; as in वामलोचना (vāmalocanā); वामोरू (vāmorū); वामभ्रूः वामस्वभाव (vāmabhrūḥ vāmasvabhāva) q. v.

6) Short.

-maḥ 1 A sentient being, an animal.

2) Name of Śiva.

3) Of Cupid, the god of love.

4) A snake.

5) An udder, a breast.

6) Prohibited or forbidden act or practice (as drinking wine).

7) The left hand.

-mam 1 Wealth, possessions.

2) Any lovely or desirable thing.

3) Adversity, misfortune.

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Vāmā (वामा).—

1) A woman.

2) A lovely woman; मधु द्राक्षा साक्षादमृतमथ वामाधरसुधा (madhu drākṣā sākṣādamṛtamatha vāmādharasudhā) Bv.4.39,42.

3) Name of Gaurī.

4) Of Lakṣmī.

5) Of Sarasvatī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vama (वम).—mf. (-maḥ-mī) Vomiting. E. vam to vomit, aff. ac; also vamana and vami .

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Vāma (वाम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Left, not right. 2. Reverse, contrary, inverted. 3. Beautiful, pleasing. 4. Vile, base, wicked. 5. Short. 6. Crooked. m.

(-maḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. Kama or Cupid. 3. An udder, a breast. 4. A potherb, (Chenopodium album.) 5. An animal, a sentient being. 6. A snake. n.

(-maṃ) Wealth, possessions. f.

(-mā) 1. A woman. 2. Gouri. 3. Lakshmi. 4. Saraswati. f. (-mī) 1. A mare. 2. A she-ass. 3. A young female elephant. 4. The female of the jackal. E. to go, Unadi aff. man .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vama (वम).—[vam + a], m., and f. , Vomiting.

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Vāma (वाम).—I. adj. 1. Left (not right), [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 97; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 94. 2. Reverse, adverse, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 87; opposite, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 93 (those who act in an opposite way). 3. Bad, wicked, crooked, [Kirātārjunīya] 11, 24. 4. Short. 5. Beautiful, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 152. Ii. m. 1. Śiva. 2. Kāma. 3. An udder. 4. An animal. 5. A snake. Iii. f. . 1. A woman. 2. Gaurī. 3. Lakṣmī. 4. Sarasvatī. Iv. f. . 1. A mare, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 32. 2. A she-ass. 3. A young female elephant. 4. The female of a jackal. V. n. Wealth, Chr. 287, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 1.

— Cf. [Old High German.] winistar; [Anglo-Saxon.] wynstre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāma (वाम).—1. [feminine] ī & ā dear, pleasant, lovely, beautiful; fond of, eager or greedy for (—°). [masculine] [Epithet] of Śiva, a man’s name. [feminine] vāmā a (beautiful) woman; [feminine] vāmī a female or she- (ass, camel etc.); [neuter] anything dear or precious, wealth, goods, etc.

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Vāma (वाम).—2. [adjective] left (not right), adverse, contrary, refractory, stubborn, prude, coy, cruel, wicked, bad; [neuter] adversity, mischief. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vama (वम):—[from vam] mf(ī)n. vomiting, ejecting, giving out, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] m. = vāma [gana] jvalādi.

3) Vāma (वाम):—[from vānta] 1. vāma m. (for 2. and 3. See [column]2) the act of vomiting [gana] jvalādi

4) 2. vāma mf(ī or ā)n. ([from] √1. van; for 1. See [column]1) lovely, dear, pleasant, agreeable, fair, beautiful, splendid, noble, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) (ifc.) striving after, eager for, intent upon, fond of [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) m. the female breast, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) the god of love, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Name of Śiva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) of a Rudra, [ib.]

10) of Varuṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) (with Śaivas) = vāma-deva-guhya, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

12) of a son of Ṛcīka, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition] rāma)

13) of a son of Kṛṣṇa and Bhadrā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) of a prince (son of Dharma), [Catalogue(s)]

15) of a son of Bhaṭṭa-nārāyaṇa, [Kṣitīśa-vaṃśāvalī-carita] (cf. -deva)

16) of one of the Moon’s horses, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

17) m. or n. a kind of pot-herb, Chenopodium Album, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Vāmā (वामा):—[from vāma] f. a beautiful woman, any woman or wife, [Pañcarātra; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] a [particular] form of Durgā, [Purāṇa]

20) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Śakti, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

21) [v.s. ...] Name of Lakṣmī, [Horace H. Wilson]

22) [v.s. ...] of Sarasvatī, [ib.]

23) [v.s. ...] of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

24) [v.s. ...] of the mother of Pārśva (the 23rd Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) Vāma (वाम):—n. a lovely thing, any dear or desirable good (as gold, horses etc.), wealth, fortune, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

26) mfn. relating to a mare, [Patañjali] (cf. under ī f. above).

27) 3. vāma mf(ā)n. (perhaps originally identical with 2. above) left, not right, being or situated on the left side, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (the quivering of the left eye or arm is supposed to be a good omen in women and of the left arm a bad omen in men)

28) reverse, adverse, contrary, opposite, unfavourable, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

29) crooked, oblique (am ind. sideways), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

30) refractory, coy (in love), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

31) acting in the opposite way or differently, [Śakuntalā iv, 18]

32) hard, cruel, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

33) vile, wicked, base, low, bad, [Kirātārjunīya]

34) m. or n. the left side (vāmād dakṣiṇam, from the left to the right; vāmena, on the left side), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

35) m. the left hand, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

36) a snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

37) an animal, sentient being, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

38) n. adversity, misfortune, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

39) the left-hand practices of the followers of the Tantras (= vāmācāra q.v.), [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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