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Vama, aka: Vāma, Vāmā; 5 Definition(s)


Vama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vāma (वाम, “hostile”) refers to a term to be used by women who is angered addressing their beloved, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “he who even being forbidden to do anything does that very thing, and resolutely, is called ‘hostile’ (vāma)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


1a) Vāma (वाम).—A name of Śiva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 3. 8.

1b) A son of Bhūta and Sarūpā: a Rudra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 17.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Bhadrā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17.

1d) A horse of the moon's chariot;1 sons of Kratu.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 53.
  • 2) Ib. 62. 9.

2) Vāmā (वामा).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 73; 44. 140.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


Vāma, (adj.) (Vedic vāma) 1. left, the left side (always opposed to dakkhiṇa) J. IV, 407 (°akkhi); Pv IV. 78; Miln. 295 (°gāhin left-handed); PvA. 178 (°passa left side). As “northern” at J. V, 416. vāmaṃ karoti to upset J. IV, 101.—Instr. vāmena on the left Sn. p. 80. ‹-› Abl. vāmato from or on the left J. III, 340; Pv. II, 320 (as much as “reverse”; PvA. 87=vilomato).—2. beautiful; only in cpd. vām-ūru having beautiful thighs D. II, 266; J. II, 443. So read at both places for vāmuru. (Page 609)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

vāma : (adj.) left; agreeable.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vāmā (वामा) is the mother of Pārśvanātha according to Śvetāmbara (but she is named Varmilā according to Digambara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Pārśvanātha is the twenty-third of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Vāmā is Aśvasena. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

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Relevant text

Search found 49 books containing Vama, Vāma or Vāmā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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