Pancavaktra, Panca-vaktra, Pañcavaktra, Pancan-vaktra, Pañcavaktrā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Pancavaktra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchavaktra.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancavaktra in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) is the name of various Ayurvedic recipes defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., pañcan-vaktra-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Nigūḍha, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Nigūḍha group contains five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancavaktra in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) refers to a “Rudraksha with five faces”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] a Rudrākṣa with five faces (pañcavaktra) is Rudra Himself. Its name is kālāgni. It is lordly. It bestows all sorts of salvation and achievement of all desired objects. A five-faced Rudrākṣa dispels all sorts of sins such as accrue from sexual intercourse with a forbidden woman and from eating forbidden food”.

2) Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) refers to one who is “fair-complexioned, handsome in appearance” which is used to describe the appearance of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.17. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When her Nandā rites were concluded on the ninth day (Navamī), while she was engrossed in meditation, Śiva became visible to her. [...] He was fair-complexioned, handsome in appearance, had five faces (pañcavaktra) and three eyes. The crescent moon adorned His forehead. [...] On seeing Śiva directly in such a form she bent her head from shyness and she knelt at his feet. Although He desired her to be his wife He wished to bestow on her the fruit of her penance. Thus He spoke to her in the state of her penance”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcavaktrā (पञ्चवक्त्रा).—A soldier who fought bravely against the asuras on the side of Subrahmaṇya.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.71) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pañcavaktra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र) represents the “five manifestations of Śiva”, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Puranic Śaivaism is, to begin with, characterised by the doctrine of Gods five manifestations pañcabrahman or the so called faces pañcavaktra and that of his eight forms or embodiments aṣṭamūrti.

The Pañcavaktra (five manifestations) are Īśāna, Tatpuruṣa, Aghora, Vāmadeva and Sadyojāta. The origin of these forms are described in the Liṅgapurāṇa (1.11.14-16). The colours of these five forms are given as white, red, yellow, black and of the colour of a sphaṭika. Vedic mantras of these forms are used to describe the glory of these forms. The five forms represent the soul, Prakṛti, Buddhi, Ahaṃkāra and Manas. They pervade the universe as the different sense organs, subtle elements etc. The Saurapurāṇa advocates the dhyāna of Śiva conceiving Him as having five faces, ten arms and wearing the sacred thread of Serpents.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancavaktra in Hinduism glossary
Source: 9dozen's blog: Hinduism

Shiva is majorly seen in five of His aspects – Aghora, Ishana, Tat purusha, Vamadeva (Varna Deva) and Rudra (or Saddyojat). Panchavaktra or Panchamukhi is the combination of all these five forms and is commonly depicted as five-headed.

  1. Aghora is the destructive aspect of Shiva. 
  2. Ishana is omnipresent and omnipotent. 
  3. Tat-purusha is the ego aspect of Shiva. 
  4. Vamadeva (Varna Deva) is the female aspect of Shiva. 
  5. Rudra (Sadyojata) is the creative and destructive power of Shiva.

Panchavaktra or Panchamukhi is the combination of all the five forms. Meditating on Panchamukhi (Panchavaktra) Shiva will bestow the aspirant with good mental health, the ability to see things clearly, protect one from all diseases, purify the mind and body, destroy ignorance and give control over sexual instincts.

Source: Shiv Yogi: Hinduism

Shiva is called as Pancavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्रः) because he possesses five faces. The five faces of Shiva are – Sadyojata, Vamdeva, Tatpurusha, Aghora and Ishan. Vedas describe it in details. According to Puranas Lord Shankar expanded his five faces just to see Tilottama. In whichever direction she was dancingly wandering, Shiva emerged with a face there. Tilottama was created for the destruction of demons namely Sunda and Upasunda.

Moreover, Shiva is known as Panchvaktra because he utters Vedas with five methods namely Vidhi (rules), Mantra (incantation), Namdheya (pronunciation), Nishedha (regulations) and Arthavada (interpretation). In the spiritual science, Shiva is Panchvaktra because he is consuming five sense-objects by five sense-organs. The holes of the heart are also said to be five only. And Sadashiva alone is the creator of five sense-objects.

Often Shiva is said to be Panchvaktra, because he resides in the center of the heart. Sadyojata etc are mentioned as five holes of the heart. According to Shiva-Purana the order of Pancha-Brahman is like this— Ishan, Tatpurusha, Aghora, Vamdeva, Sadyojata.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancavaktra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र).—

1) epithets of Śiva.

2) a lion (so called because its mouth is generally wide open; pañcam ānanaṃ yasya), (often used at the end of names of learned men to express great learning or respect; nyāya°, tarka° &c. e. g. jagannāthatarkapañcānana); see पञ्च (pañca) a.

3) the sign Leo of the zodiac.

- an epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: pañcavaktraḥ (पञ्चवक्त्रः).

Pañcavaktra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and vaktra (वक्त्र). See also (synonyms): pañcānana, pañcāsya, pañcamukha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र).—m.

(-ktrā) 1. Siva. 2. A lion. E. pañca five, and vaktra a face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र).—I. adj. having five faces, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 68, 7. Ii. m. a name of Śiva, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 66, 6.

Pañcavaktra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and vaktra (वक्त्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र).—[adjective] five-faced; [masculine] [Epithet] of Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र):—[=pañca-vaktra] [from pañca] mfn. 5-faced, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Dhūrtasamāgama]

3) [v.s. ...] of one of the attendants of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] a lion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Pañcavaktrā (पञ्चवक्त्रा):—[=pañca-vaktrā] [from pañca-vaktra > pañca] f. Name of Durgā, [Catalogue(s)]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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