Pancanana, Panca-nana, Pañcanana, Panca-anana, Pancan-anana, Pamcanana: 17 definitions


Pancanana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchanana.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancanana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) or Pañcānana Śāstri, is the author of the Muktāvalisaṃgraha: a commentary on the Bhāṣāpariccheda by Viśvanātha Nyāyapañcānana. The Bhāṣāpariccheda belongs to the syncretic school of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika. It is known as Kārikāvalī also, on which the author himself has written a commentary called Nyāyasiddhāntamuktāvalī. This work of Viśvanātha has been commented upon by many traditional and modern scholars [viz., by Pañcānana Śāstri].

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., pañcānana-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pancanana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) (lit. “one who has five types of face”) is a synonym (another name) for the Lion (Siṃha), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancanana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) refers to “one having five faces” and is used to describe Svacchandabhairava, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa by Arṇasiṃha.—Accordingly, “I take refuge in the Goddess Maṅgalā whose unique nature is the expansion of the current of the Sky (of Consciousness) who, as she transcends all the differentiated forms of meditation and the rest, is Akula (the transcendent). She is called Maṅgalā here (in this world) because she quickly frees (the fettered) from Māyā. Seated on the Hero’s (i.e. Svacchandabhairava’s) Five Faces [i.e., vīra-pañcānana], she is intent on the Great Union. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pancanana in Hinduism glossary
Source: Hindu Online: Aspects of Shiva

Comparable to the Vyuhas or emanations of Lord Visnu, is the Pancanana form of Lord Siva. Pancanana or the five-faced one represents the five aspects of Siva vis-a-vis the created universe. The five faces are respectively Hana, Tatpurusa, Aghora, Vamadeva and Sadyojata. The face Hana turned towards the zenith, represents the highest aspect and is also called Sadasiva. On the physical plane, it represents the power that rules over ether or sky and on the spiritual plane, it is the deity that grants Moksa or liberation. Tatpurusa facing east, stands for the power that rules over air and represents the forces of darkness and obscuration on the spiritual plane. Aghora, facing south and ruling over the element fire, stands for the power that absorbs and renovates the universe. Vamadeva facing north, ruling over the element water, is responsible for preservation. Sadyojata, facing west represents the power that creates.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) or Pañcamukha refers to “five faces” and is used to describe Ādibuddha, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Ādibuddha]—“[...] [The Ādibuddha] has five faces (pañcānana > pañcamukha). [He also] has five crests—in other words, five hair-braids. It is through tying up those [hair-braids that he] has a crown of five hair-braids. [His five faces] have five [different] colours: dark blue for the east [and forward-facing face], yellow for the south, red for the west, [and] green for the north. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancanana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcānana (पंचानन).—m (S) A name for Shiva, a lion, a tiger, and for any five-faced or five-sided being or thing. 2 fig. A furiously-passionate person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcānana (पंचानन).—m A name for Shiva. A lion. A tiger. A furiously-passionate person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancanana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—

1) a lion.

2) learned; वैद्यपञ्चाननः (vaidyapañcānanaḥ).

Pañcānana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañca and ānana (आनन). See also (synonyms): pañcāsya, pañcamukha.

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Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—

1) epithets of Śiva.

2) a lion (so called because its mouth is generally wide open; pañcam ānanaṃ yasya), (often used at the end of names of learned men to express great learning or respect; nyāya°, tarka° &c. e. g. jagannāthatarkapañcānana); see पञ्च (pañca) a.

3) the sign Leo of the zodiac.

- an epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: pañcānanaḥ (पञ्चाननः).

Pañcānana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and ānana (आनन). See also (synonyms): pañcāsya, pañcamukha, pañcavaktra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Very passionate. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. (With the mouth wide open) A lion. 3. A title used at the end of the names of learned men to express veneration or high scholarship. E. pañca five or spreading, ānana a face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—1. Śiva. 2. used at the end of names of scholars, Chr. 234, 6. 3. f. , perhaps a name of Durgā.

Pañcānana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and ānana (आनन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—title. See Jayarāma, Viśvanātha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcānana (पञ्चानन):—[from pañca] mfn. very fierce or passionate ([literally] 5-faced), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 79])

3) [v.s. ...] a lion, [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa] (also at the end of names of learned men e.g. jayarāma-p, viśvanātha-p)

4) [v.s. ...] Name of [particular] strong [medicine] preparations, [Rasaratnākara]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of an author and other men

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन):—[pañcā+nana] (naḥ) 1. m. A name of Shiva; a lion. a. Passionate.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancanana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancanana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcānana (ಪಂಚಾನನ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) Śiva who has five faces - Sadyōjāta, Vāmadēva, Aghōra, Tatpuruṣa and Īśāna.

2) [noun] one of several names of Śiva.

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Paṃcānana (ಪಂಚಾನನ):—

1) [noun] a lion which has a broad face.

2) [noun] (fig.) an excellent man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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