Pancanana, aka: Panca-nana, Pañcanana, Panca-anana, Pancan-anana; 7 Definition(s)


Pancanana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchanana.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Pancanana in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) or Pañcānana Śāstri, is the author of the Muktāvalisaṃgraha: a commentary on the Bhāṣāpariccheda by Viśvanātha Nyāyapañcānana. The Bhāṣāpariccheda belongs to the syncretic school of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika. It is known as Kārikāvalī also, on which the author himself has written a commentary called Nyāyasiddhāntamuktāvalī. This work of Viśvanātha has been commented upon by many traditional and modern scholars [viz., by Pañcānana Śāstri].

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., pañcānana-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Pancanana in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Comparable to the Vyuhas or emanations of Lord Visnu, is the Pancanana form of Lord Siva. Pancanana or the five-faced one represents the five aspects of Siva vis-a-vis the created universe. The five faces are respectively Hana, Tatpurusa, Aghora, Vamadeva and Sadyojata. The face Hana turned towards the zenith, represents the highest aspect and is also called Sadasiva. On the physical plane, it represents the power that rules over ether or sky and on the spiritual plane, it is the deity that grants Moksa or liberation. Tatpurusa facing east, stands for the power that rules over air and represents the forces of darkness and obscuration on the spiritual plane. Aghora, facing south and ruling over the element fire, stands for the power that absorbs and renovates the universe. Vamadeva facing north, ruling over the element water, is responsible for preservation. Sadyojata, facing west represents the power that creates.

Source: Hindu Online: Aspects of Shiva

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Pancanana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pañcānana (पंचानन).—m (S) A name for Shiva, a lion, a tiger, and for any five-faced or five-sided being or thing. 2 fig. A furiously-passionate person.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcānana (पंचानन).—m A name for Shiva. A lion. A tiger. A furiously-passionate person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pancanana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—

1) a lion.

2) learned; वैद्यपञ्चाननः (vaidyapañcānanaḥ).

Pañcānana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañca and ānana (आनन). See also (synonyms): pañcāsya, pañcamukha.

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Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—

1) epithets of Śiva.

2) a lion (so called because its mouth is generally wide open; pañcam ānanaṃ yasya), (often used at the end of names of learned men to express great learning or respect; nyāya°, tarka° &c. e. g. jagannāthatarkapañcānana); see पञ्च (pañca) a.

3) the sign Leo of the zodiac.

- an epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: pañcānanaḥ (पञ्चाननः).

Pañcānana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and ānana (आनन). See also (synonyms): pañcāsya, pañcamukha, pañcavaktra.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Very passionate. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. (With the mouth wide open) A lion. 3. A title used at the end of the names of learned men to express veneration or high scholarship. E. pañca five or spreading, ānana a face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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