Trimurti, aka: Tri-murti, Trimūrti; 1 Definition(s)

Introduction

Trimurti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Trimūrti (त्रिमूर्ति) is depicted as a sculpture on the third pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—This pillar, like others, is decorated with episodes from various Purāṇic and literary sources. In the main register below the semi-circular medallion, is shown the divine Triad seated in the following order, left to right.

1) Seated in padmāsana “on a lotus throne,” three headed Brahmā is in a yogic posture with a yogapaṭṭa, yogic band, passing around his two knees together. His two hands are held upwards, suggesting some gestures, not much clear. He wears hāra, a garland which may be made of rudrākṣa beads “eyes of Rudra”. He is attended by a caurī bearer.

2) In the centre of the panel is seated Śiva with his consort Umā, on a large throne. With his upper left hand he is giving a loving touch to his consort’s chignon with extreme tenderness. It is very interesting to note that a liṅga is placed in the palm of his left hand held at the level of his heart. Probably he is showing his Ātmaliṅga to his consort. Of the two right hands, the lower one is on his thigh, whereas the upper one makes a gesture of holding something, probably a trident or a deer. By the side of the goddess stands a caurī bearers.

3) In the third place, to the extreme right is seated Viṣṇu with a yogapaṭṭa, tied around his waist and his right leg poses resting on a throne. Of his four hands, the conch and the discus are in the upper right and left, respectively. The lower right rests on his thigh and the corresponding left is in dola, hanging, passing by the side of his knee. A caurī bearer is standing by whose side is a lady seated holding his right hand near her mouth. It is customary to hold hands near the mouth for secondary personages to avoid the sprinkling of saliva on their interlocutor.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Relevant definitions

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