Trina, Tṛṇa, Triṇā, Tri-na: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Trina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tṛṇa can be transliterated into English as Trna or Trina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tṛṇa (तृण, “grass”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Tṛṇas are ulapas (‘grass’, Imperata arundinacea) and plants of that type. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā

Tṛṇa is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:

The Manusmṛti 1.46-48 by Manu (also known as the Manusaṃhitā and Mānavadharmaśāstra).
The Praśastapādabhāṣya by Praśastapāda and its commentary Kiraṇāvalī.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grass”, as mentioned in verse 5.6-8 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Not shall one drink (water that is) turbid and covered (āstṛta) with mud, tape-grass, grass [viz., tṛṇa], and leaves, unseen by sun, moon, and wind, rained upon, thick, heavy, [...]: (such water) one shall not drink”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Tṛṇa (तृण, ‘grass’) is often mentioned in the Rigveda and later. It was used as straw to roof in a house or hut.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Tṛṇa (तृण):—according to the sūtras, the Buddha spread out grass (tṛṇa) at the foot of the tree and sitting on that, he attained saṃbodhi.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tṛṇa.—cf. a-tṛṇa-kāṣṭha-grahaṇa (IE 8-5); grass which the villagers were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions or to the touring officers. Note: tṛṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tṛṇa (तृण).—n (S) Grass or any gramineous plant. tṛṇatulya, tṛṇaprāya, tṛṇavat Worthless, trifling, worth a straw. tṛṇācī garaja or cāḍa or tṛṇā itakī cāḍa Desire of grass, i.e., with neg. con., no desire after worthless grass, no desire at all. tṛṇācī śēja karaṇēṃ To sleep upon grass for nine days after delivery. A vow made by a woman praying for offspring. tṛṇālā cāḍa āhē tī (tyālā &c.) nāhīṃ He &c. is utterly disliked or disesteemed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tṛṇa (तृण).—n Grass. tṛṇatulya-prāya-vat a Worth a straw, trifling, worthless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—[tṛh-nak halopaśca Uṇ.5.8]

1) Grass in general; किं जीर्णं तृणमत्ति मानमहतामग्रेसरः केसरी (kiṃ jīrṇaṃ tṛṇamatti mānamahatāmagresaraḥ kesarī) Bh.2.29.

2) A blade of grass, reed, straw.

3) Anything made of straw (as a mat for sitting); often used as a symbol of worthlessness or uselessness; तृणमिव लघुलक्ष्मीर्नैव तान- संरुणद्धि (tṛṇamiva laghulakṣmīrnaiva tāna- saṃruṇaddhi) Bh.2.17; see तृणीकृ (tṛṇīkṛ) also.

Derivable forms: tṛṇam (तृणम्).

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Triṇā (त्रिणा).—m. (pl.) the three qualities or constituents of nature; त्रयीमयाय त्रिगुणात्मने नमः (trayīmayāya triguṇātmane namaḥ) K.1. (-ṇā) 1 Māyā or illusion (in Vedānta phil.).

2) an epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: triṇāḥ (त्रिणाः).

Triṇā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and ṇā (णा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Grass, any gramineous plant. E. tṛh to hurt, Unadi affix ṇak, and ha rejected; what is consumed by cattle, &c.

--- OR ---

Triṇa (त्रिण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Grass, meadow grass. E. See tṛṇa, ṛ being changed to ri .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—i. e. tṛ10 + ṇa (cf. taru), n. (and m.). 1. Grass, any gramineous plant, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 48; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 144; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 21, 26; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 166. 2. A grass blade, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 190.

— Cf. perhaps [Old High German.] dorn, [Anglo-Saxon.] thorn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—[neuter] grass, herb, grass-blade, straw; [figuratively] small or worthless thing, trifle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛṇa (तृण):—n. (m. [gana] ardharcādi; ifc. f(ā). ) grass, herb, any gramineous plant, blade of grass, straw (often symbol of minuteness and worthlessness), [Ṛg-veda etc.] (ifc. accent [gana] ghoṣādi)

2) m. Name of a man [gana] śivādi and naḍādi;

3) cf. [Gothic] thaurnus.

4) Triṇa (त्रिण):—n. for tṛṇa, grass, [Varāha-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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