Trina, Tṛṇa, Triṇā, Tri-na: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Trina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tṛṇa can be transliterated into English as Trna or Trina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Tran.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tṛṇa (तृण, “grass”).—One the classifications of plants according to their stature. Tṛṇas are ulapas (‘grass’, Imperata arundinacea) and plants of that type. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā

Tṛṇa is listed as a classification for plants in the following sources:

The Manusmṛti 1.46-48 by Manu (also known as the Manusaṃhitā and Mānavadharmaśāstra).
The Praśastapādabhāṣya by Praśastapāda and its commentary Kiraṇāvalī.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grass”, as mentioned in verse 5.6-8 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Not shall one drink (water that is) turbid and covered (āstṛta) with mud, tape-grass, grass [viz., tṛṇa], and leaves, unseen by sun, moon, and wind, rained upon, thick, heavy, [...]: (such water) one shall not drink”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grass, thatch (to cover a roof) §§ 2.8; 4.37.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “herbivorous”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If when in mid-heaven, the central provinces will suffer, but there will be happiness over the land and the price of food grains will fall. If when in the fifth section, herbivorous animals [i.e., tṛṇa-bhuj], ministers and household inmates will suffer as also the Vaiśyas. If they should be eclipsed when in the sixth section of the firmament, women and the Śūdras will suffer; if when setting, robbers and the border Mlecchas will perish. Those will be happy in whose section the eclipse terminates”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grasses”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.— Accordingly, “[...] According to the Kula teaching (these) are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. [...] One should keep the residue of their worship (nirmālya) on one's head and eat (their) fruits. Propitiated, they destroy death and so are said to bestow the accomplishments of the divine Command which gives one the right to have all worldly enjoyments. Indeed, all other trees, flowers, creepers, vines, and grasses [i.e., latā-valli-tṛṇa] should not be damaged, cut, broken or disturbed”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grasses”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O sage, listen to another surprising influence of the penance of Pārvatī, the mother of the universe. [...] Lions and cows prone to the passions of love, hatred etc. ceased to harass one another, thanks to her greatness. O excellent sage, creatures like cats, mice etc. who are born enemies to one another did not exhibit any bad characteristics there. O excellent sage, trees bore fruits, grasses [i.e., tṛṇa] grew in plenty and flowers of variegated nature and colour blossomed there. The entire forest became comparable to Kailāsa as it were the achievement of her penance”

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Tṛṇa (तृण, ‘grass’) is often mentioned in the Rigveda and later. It was used as straw to roof in a house or hut.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grass”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “When one is making fire by friction, first the flame takes fire on the soft grass (mṛdu-tṛṇa) and dried cow dung and, as the strength of the fire increases, it is able to consume big pieces of moist wood. It is the same for the concentration of loving-kindness (maitrī-samādhi): at the beginning, when one make the vows for loving-kindness, one applies them only to one’s friends; but when the mind of loving-kindness has grown, enemies and relatives become mixed up and one sees them all as experiencing happiness: this is because the dhyānas or samāpattis of loving-kindness have grown and are becoming complete”.

2) Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grass”.—According to the sūtras, the Buddha spread out grass (tṛṇa) at the foot of the tree and sitting on that, he attained saṃbodhi.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Tṛṇa (तृण) refers to “grass”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] There is no self, being, life-principle, life-sustaining principle, spirit, personality, human being, or man; in the dharmas which are dependently originated there is no true origination and there is no owner. Therefore, all dharmas are like (sadṛśa) grass (tṛṇa), trees (kāṣṭha), walls (kuḍya), paths (mārga), and reflections (pratibhāsa). [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Tṛṇa (तृण) or Tṛṇasaṃdhāraṇī refers to the “(protection of) grass” as occurring in the Heart-mantra (hṛdayamantra) taught to Vajrapāṇi, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tṛṇa.—cf. a-tṛṇa-kāṣṭha-grahaṇa (IE 8-5); grass which the villagers were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions or to the touring officers. Note: tṛṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tṛṇa (तृण).—n (S) Grass or any gramineous plant. tṛṇatulya, tṛṇaprāya, tṛṇavat Worthless, trifling, worth a straw. tṛṇācī garaja or cāḍa or tṛṇā itakī cāḍa Desire of grass, i.e., with neg. con., no desire after worthless grass, no desire at all. tṛṇācī śēja karaṇēṃ To sleep upon grass for nine days after delivery. A vow made by a woman praying for offspring. tṛṇālā cāḍa āhē tī (tyālā &c.) nāhīṃ He &c. is utterly disliked or disesteemed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tṛṇa (तृण).—n Grass. tṛṇatulya-prāya-vat a Worth a straw, trifling, worthless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—[tṛh-nak halopaśca Uṇādi-sūtra 5.8]

1) Grass in general; किं जीर्णं तृणमत्ति मानमहतामग्रेसरः केसरी (kiṃ jīrṇaṃ tṛṇamatti mānamahatāmagresaraḥ kesarī) Bhartṛhari 2.29.

2) A blade of grass, reed, straw.

3) Anything made of straw (as a mat for sitting); often used as a symbol of worthlessness or uselessness; तृणमिव लघुलक्ष्मीर्नैव तान- संरुणद्धि (tṛṇamiva laghulakṣmīrnaiva tāna- saṃruṇaddhi) Bhartṛhari 2.17; see तृणीकृ (tṛṇīkṛ) also.

Derivable forms: tṛṇam (तृणम्).

--- OR ---

Triṇā (त्रिणा).—m. (pl.) the three qualities or constituents of nature; त्रयीमयाय त्रिगुणात्मने नमः (trayīmayāya triguṇātmane namaḥ) K.1. (-ṇā) 1 Māyā or illusion (in Vedānta phil.).

2) an epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: triṇāḥ (त्रिणाः).

Triṇā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and ṇā (णा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Grass, any gramineous plant. E. tṛh to hurt, Unadi affix ṇak, and ha rejected; what is consumed by cattle, &c.

--- OR ---

Triṇa (त्रिण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Grass, meadow grass. E. See tṛṇa, ṛ being changed to ri .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—i. e. tṛ10 + ṇa (cf. taru), n. (and m.). 1. Grass, any gramineous plant, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 48; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 144; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 21, 26; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 166. 2. A grass blade, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 190.

— Cf. perhaps [Old High German.] dorn, [Anglo-Saxon.] thorn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण).—[neuter] grass, herb, grass-blade, straw; [figuratively] small or worthless thing, trifle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛṇa (तृण):—n. (m. [gana] ardharcādi; ifc. f(ā). ) grass, herb, any gramineous plant, blade of grass, straw (often symbol of minuteness and worthlessness), [Ṛg-veda etc.] (ifc. accent [gana] ghoṣādi)

2) m. Name of a man [gana] śivādi and naḍādi;

3) cf. [Gothic] thaurnus.

4) Triṇa (त्रिण):—n. for tṛṇa, grass, [Varāha-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛṇa (तृण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Grass.

2) Triṇa (त्रिण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. a. Grass.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tṛṇa (तृण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Taṇa, Tiṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tṛṇa (तृण) [Also spelled tran]:—(nm) a straw; ~[maya] made of straw; ~[vat] as insignificant as a straw, trifling; ~[śayyā] strawbedding.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tṛṇa (ತೃಣ):—

1) [noun] any of various plants of the grass family that are usu. used for food, fodder or grazing and as lawns.

2) [noun] (fig.) that which is worthless.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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