Murti, Mūrti, Mūrtī: 16 definitions



Murti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

mūrti–Anything which has definite shape and physical limits, an embodiment orincarnation. This is a Sanskrit term used in hindu iconology (e.g. the Āgamas).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—anything which has definite shape and physical limits, an embodiment or incarnation.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—One of the thirteen daughters of Dakṣaprajāpati. This girl was married to Dharma. Nara and Nārāyaṇa are the sons born to Mūrti of Dharma. (4th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mūrti (मूर्ति).—A sage of the epoch of the Tenth Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 22.

1b) A son of Vasiṣṭha and a Prajāpati of the Svārociṣa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 9.

2) Mūrtī (मूर्ती).—A daughter of Dakṣa, and a wife of Dharma; mother of Nara and Nārāyaṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 4. 6; II. 7. 6; IV. 1. 50 and 52.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Mūrti (मूर्ति) refers to “consecrated physical objects” and is associated with the worship of a deity (pūjā).—Mūrti (or pratima or arca) refers to “image” or “picture” and are physical objects consecrated for worship. They may be movable (cala) or immovable (acala). The latter are fixed on pedestals and cannot be moved once they are installed, and thus there is neither invocation nor dismissal for them. [...] For any external worship of Gaṇeśa, the first requirement that is absolutely necessary is a mūrti, an image (or photo) of Gaṇeśa. Not only should this image be a source of happiness, it should also invoke feelings of serenity within one. Second, his trunk should turn toward his left side, and his eyes should be looking directly at you.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Mūrti (मूर्ति) refers to:—A form; Deity. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Understanding Mantras

Deities have three forms (mūrti):

  1. as personifications (devatāmūrti);
  2. as symbolic diagrams (yantramūrti);
  3. and as sound (mantramūrti).

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mūrti.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’; rarely used to indicate ‘eight’; but cf. rūpa used in the sense of ‘one’. Note: mūrti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mūrti (मूर्ति).—f A statue, an idol. The body. A person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—f. [mūrcch-ktin]

1) Anything which has definite shape and limits, material element, matter, substance; एतत् सर्वं यन्मूर्तं चामूर्तं च तस्मान्मूर्तिरेव रयिः (etat sarvaṃ yanmūrtaṃ cāmūrtaṃ ca tasmānmūrtireva rayiḥ) Praśna Up.1.5.

2) A form, visible shape, body, figure; कौटिल्यधीरज्जु- निबद्धमूर्तिं मन्ये स्थिरां मौर्यनृपस्य लक्ष्मीम् (kauṭilyadhīrajju- nibaddhamūrtiṃ manye sthirāṃ mauryanṛpasya lakṣmīm) Mu.2.2; R.3.27; 14.54.

3) An embodiment, incarnation, personification, manifestation; करुणस्य मूर्तिः (karuṇasya mūrtiḥ) U.3.4; Pt.2.159.

4) An image, idol, a statue.

5) Beauty.

6) Solidity, hardness.

7) Body (kalevara); विशिखसंहतितापितमूर्तिभिः (viśikhasaṃhatitāpitamūrtibhiḥ) Ki.14.64; Ms.1.17,19.

8) A limb of the body (śarīrāvayava); नहि मे तप्यमानस्य क्षयं यास्यन्ति मूर्तयः (nahi me tapyamānasya kṣayaṃ yāsyanti mūrtayaḥ) Rām.1. 64.2.

9) (In phil.) The mind and the four elements earth, air, fire and water.

Derivable forms: mūrtiḥ (मूर्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—probably better mūrtti, i. e. mṛd + ti, cf. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 120. 1. Matter, substance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 17; hard substances, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 120 (Jones: the terrene parts of the human body). 2. Figure, form, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 1; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 169. 3. Body, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 364. 4. Incarnation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 98. 5. Image, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 225. 6. Beauty, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 107.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—[feminine] (firm) body, embodiment, form, shape, image, person, adj. —° formed of; [plural] the solid parts of the body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mūrti (मूर्ति):—[from mūrch] f. any solid body or material form, ([plural] material elements, solid particles; ifc. = consisting or formed of), [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] embodiment, manifestation, incarnation, personification, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. ([especially] of Śiva, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi])

3) [v.s. ...] anything which has definite shape or limits (in [philosophy] as mind and the 4 elements earth, air, fire, water, but not ākāśa, ether, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 52 n. 1]), a person, form, figure, appearance, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] an image, idol, statue, [Kāvya literature]

5) [v.s. ...] beauty, [Pañcatantra]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the first astrological house, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Ṛṣi under the 10th Manu, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vasiṣṭha, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mūrti (मूर्ति):—(von mūrch) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 4, 21.]

1) f. a) ein fester Körper, feste —, materielle Gestalt, Körper, Form, Erscheinungsform; = kāṭhinya [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 14, 69.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 187.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 45.] = kāya, tanu [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 22. 3, 4, 14, 69.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 563.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 355.] Gegens. drava Flüssigkeit [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 24.] [Suśruta 1, 313, 7] (Berl. Hdschr. mūrta). ghano mūrtiguṇe [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 18, 113.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 12, 9, 2.] [Praśnopaniṣad 1, 5.] [Aitareyopaniṣad 3, 2.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 14, 5.] vyaktirguṇaviśeṣāśrayo mūrtiḥ [GOT. 2, 2, 69.] nahi me tapyamānasya kṣayaṃ yāsyanti mūrtayaḥ (= śarīrāvayavāḥ Schol.) die festen Bestandtheile des Körpers [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 64, 20.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 120.] asaṃkhyā mūrtayastasya niṣpatanti śarīrataḥ [15.] sākṣādiva sthitaṃ mūrtyā manmathaṃ rūpasaṃpadā [Mahābhārata 3, 2131.] teṣāṃ tu saptānāṃ puruṣāṇāṃ mahaujasām . sūkṣmābhyo mūrtimātrābhyaḥ saṃbhavatyavyayādvyayam .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 19. 55. fg.] manovāṅmūrtibhiḥ [11, 231. 241. 12, 124.] [Mahābhārata 3, 11274.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 27.] valmīkāgranimagna adj. [Śākuntala 170.] pūta adj. [Spr. 4050.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 364.] namra adj. mit gebeugtem Körper [PAÑCAR. 3, 9, 19.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 54, 66. 64, 1. 105, 9.] [BṚH. 27, 6.] divyaśarīrāste na ca vigrahamūrtayaḥ keinen materiellen Leib besitzend [Mahābhārata 3, 15461.] śvayathuḥ kapharaktamūrtiḥ gebildet aus [Suśruta 1, 305, 19.] bhṛmergandhaṃ tathā ghrāṇaṃ gauravaṃ mūrtimeva ca . ātmā gṛhṇātyajaḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 78.] roṣa so v. a. der personificirte Zorn [Harivaṃśa 15471.] mūrtiṃ strīrūpām eine weibliche Gestalt [PAÑCAR. 1, 14, 55.] bālā jagattritayamohanadivyamūrtiḥ [Dhūrtasamāgama] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 91, 16.] vahneryathā yonigatasya mūrtirna dṛśyate [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 13.] alpa (dīpa) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 84, 1. 2.] uḍupo hni dṛśyamūrtiḥ [BṚH. 13, 8.] yajūdaraḥ sāmaśirā asāvṛṅmūrtiḥ (vrahmā) [Kauṣītakyupaniṣad 1, 7.] [Sūryasiddhānta 12, 17.] sroto [Meghadūta 46.] indumūrtirdvītīyeva (statt des einfachen indu, weil von einem Weibe die Rede ist) [Kathāsaritsāgara 37, 182.] cāndrī [59, 6.] aindavī [28, 102.] mūrtyantaraparigraha = bhūmikā [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 36.] prasanna so v. a. Aussehen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58, 44. fg.] taruṇa [BṚH. 2, 9.] candanatarormahanīyamūrteḥ [Spr. 3510.] utpattireva viprasya mūrtirdharmasya śāśvatī Erscheinungsform, Manifestation [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 98.] ācāryo brahmaṇo mūrtiḥ pitā mūrtiḥ prajāpateḥ . mātā pṛthivyā mūrtistu bhrātā svo mūrtirātmanaḥ .. [2, 225.] [Spr. 3685.] dāridryasya parā mūrtistṛṣṇā na draviṇālpatā [1143.] samastajagadādhāramūrtaye brahmaṇe [Sūryasiddhānta 1, 1.] vāsudevaḥ paraṃ vrahma tanmūrtiḥ puruṣaḥ paraḥ [12, 12.] atha sṛṣṭyāṃ manaścakre brahmāhaṃkāramūrtibhṛt [22.] [Spr. 1152.] adṛśyarūpāḥ kālasya mūrtayo bhagaṇāśritāḥ [Sūryasiddhānta 2, 1.] caturmūrti adj. Beiw. Brahman's [Mahābhārata 3, 13560.] Skanda's [9, 2486.] Viṣṇu’s [Raghuvaṃśa 10, 74.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 17, 16.] mūrti Gestalt so v. a. schöne Gestalt: mūrterlāghavamevaitat nirdhanatvaṃ śarīriṇām [Spr. 2229.] — b) Bild [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] kātyāyanīmūrtisanāthaṃ devatāgṛham [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 90.] acyutamūrtisevana [Dhūrtasamāgama] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 76, 5.] dadarśa mūrtiṃ madhudviṣaḥ kumbhe [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 92, 5.] — c) Bez. des 1ten astrologischen Hauses, = tanu, aṅga [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 103, 1.] [BṚH. 11, 8. 17.] — d) Nomen proprium einer Tochter Dakṣa’s und Gattin Dharma's [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 1, 49.] mūrtiḥ sarvaguṇotpattirnaranārāyaṇāvṛṣī (asūta) [52.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Weisen unter dem [10ten] Manu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 13, 22.] — Vgl. aṣṭa, āpo, tapaso, tapo, tejo, tri, pracaṇḍa, prati, bahu, mantra (als Beiw. Śiva’s auch [Mahābhārata 1, 1154.] Viṣṇu’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 8, 58]), mahā, haradagdha .

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Mūrti (मूर्ति):—

1) a) eka so v. a. eine Person [Spr. (II) 4205.] pūrva (Conj. für pūrṇa) die erste Erscheinungsform [4479.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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