Murti, aka: Mūrti, Mūrtī; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Murti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

mūrti–Anything which has definite shape and physical limits, an embodiment orincarnation. This is a Sanskrit term used in hindu iconology (eg. the Āgamas).

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—anything which has definite shape and physical limits, an embodiment or incarnation.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—One of the thirteen daughters of Dakṣaprajāpati. This girl was married to Dharma. Nara and Nārāyaṇa are the sons born to Mūrti of Dharma. (4th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Mūrti (मूर्ति).—A sage of the epoch of the Tenth Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 22.

1b) A son of Vasiṣṭha and a Prajāpati of the Svārociṣa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 9.

2) Mūrtī (मूर्ती).—A daughter of Dakṣa, and a wife of Dharma; mother of Nara and Nārāyaṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 4. 6; II. 7. 6; IV. 1. 50 and 52.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Mūrti (मूर्ति) refers to “consecrated physical objects” and is associated with the worship of a deity (pūjā).—Mūrti (or pratima or arca) refers to “image” or “picture” and are physical objects consecrated for worship. They may be movable (cala) or immovable (acala). The latter are fixed on pedestals and cannot be moved once they are installed, and thus there is neither invocation nor dismissal for them. [...] For any external worship of Gaṇeśa, the first requirement that is absolutely necessary is a mūrti, an image (or photo) of Gaṇeśa. Not only should this image be a source of happiness, it should also invoke feelings of serenity within one. Second, his trunk should turn toward his left side, and his eyes should be looking directly at you.

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self
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Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Deities have three forms (mūrti):

  1. as personifications (devatāmūrti);
  2. as symbolic diagrams (yantramūrti);
  3. and as sound (mantramūrti).
Source: Google Books: Understanding Mantras

India history and geogprahy

Mūrti.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’; rarely used to indicate ‘eight’; but cf. rūpa used in the sense of ‘one’. Note: mūrti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mūrti (मूर्ति).—f A statue, an idol. The body. A person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūrti (मूर्ति).—f. [mūrcch-ktin]

1) Anything which has definite shape and limits, material element, matter, substance; एतत् सर्वं यन्मूर्तं चामूर्तं च तस्मान्मूर्तिरेव रयिः (etat sarvaṃ yanmūrtaṃ cāmūrtaṃ ca tasmānmūrtireva rayiḥ) Praśna Up.1.5.

2) A form, visible shape, body, figure; कौटिल्यधीरज्जु- निबद्धमूर्तिं मन्ये स्थिरां मौर्यनृपस्य लक्ष्मीम् (kauṭilyadhīrajju- nibaddhamūrtiṃ manye sthirāṃ mauryanṛpasya lakṣmīm) Mu.2.2; R.3.27; 14.54.

3) An embodiment, incarnation, personification, manifestation; करुणस्य मूर्तिः (karuṇasya mūrtiḥ) U.3.4; Pt.2.159.

4) An image, idol, a statue.

5) Beauty.

6) Solidity, hardness.

7) Body (kalevara); विशिखसंहतितापितमूर्तिभिः (viśikhasaṃhatitāpitamūrtibhiḥ) Ki.14.64; Ms.1.17,19.

8) A limb of the body (śarīrāvayava); नहि मे तप्यमानस्य क्षयं यास्यन्ति मूर्तयः (nahi me tapyamānasya kṣayaṃ yāsyanti mūrtayaḥ) Rām.1. 64.2.

9) (In phil.) The mind and the four elements earth, air, fire and water.

Derivable forms: mūrtiḥ (मूर्तिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 281 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dakshinamurti
Dakṣiṇāmūrti refers to one of the manifestations of Śiva.—The image of Dakṣiṇāmūrti in Jambukeś...
Trimurti
Trimūrti (त्रिमूर्ति) or simply Tri refers to one of the ten forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in...
Umasahitamurti
Umāsahitamūrti (उमासहितमूर्ति) or simply Umāsahita refers to one of the twenty-three forms (mūr...
Lingodbhavamurti
1) Liṅgodbhavamūrti (लिङ्गोद्भवमूर्ति) or simply Liṅgodbhava refers to one of the twenty-three ...
Sukhasanamurti
1) Sukhāsanamūrti (सुखासनमूर्ति) or simply Sukhāsana refers to one of the twenty-three forms (m...
Bhikshatanamurti
1) Bhikṣāṭanamūrti (भिक्षाटनमूर्ति) or simply Bhikṣāṭana refers to one of the twenty-eighth for...
Kankalamurti
1) Kaṅkālamūrti (कङ्कालमूर्ति) or simply Kaṅkāla refers to one of the twenty-three forms (mūrti...
Somaskandamurti
1) Somāskandamūrti (सोमास्कन्दमूर्ति) or simply Somāskanda refers to one of the twenty-eighth f...
Ashtamurti
Aṣṭamūrti (अष्टमूर्ति).—Earth, Water, Air, Fire, Ether, Hotā, Sun and Moon.
Nrittamurti
1) Nṛttamūrti (नृत्तमूर्ति) or simply Nṛtta refers to one of the twenty-three forms (mūrti) of ...
Candeshanugrahamurti
1) Caṇḍeśānugrahamūrti (चण्डेशानुग्रहमूर्ति) or simply Caṇḍeśānugraha refers to one of the twen...
Ardhanarishvaramurti
1) Ardhanārīśvaramūrti (अर्धनारीश्वरमूर्ति) or simply Ardhanārīśvara refers to one of the eight...
Kalarimurti
1) Kālārimūrti (कालारिमूर्ति) or simply Kālāri refers to one of the twenty-eighth forms (mūrti)...
Haryardhamurti
Haryardhamūrti (हर्यर्धमूर्ति) or simply Haryardha refers to one of the ten forms (mūrti) of Śi...
Gajahamurti
Gajahāmūrti (गजहामूर्ति) or simply Gajahā refers to one of the eighteen forms (mūrti) of Śiva m...

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