Svagata, Svāgata, Svāgatā, Su-agata: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Svagata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Svāgata (स्वागत).—A son of Śakuni and father of Suvarcas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 20.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Svagata (स्वगत) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the third, the seventh and the tenth and the eleventh syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦
⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⏑⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⏑⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦

Svagata falls in the Triṣṭup (Triṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eleven syllables each.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Svāgatā (स्वागता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Svāgatā contains eleven syllables in each and every quarter and the gaṇas are ra, na, bha. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Svāgatā (स्वागता) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Svāgatā) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Svāgatā (स्वागता) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Svāgatā) in 20 verses.

3) Svāgatā (स्वागता) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., svāgatā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

4) Svāgatā (स्वागता) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

5) Svāgatā (स्वागता) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the svāgatā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Svāgata (स्वागत) refers to a “welcome” and represents one of the various articles offered during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship), while explaining procedures performed in the morning.—According to time and place, sixteen [viz., svāgata], twelve, ten or five articles can be employed in the worship of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Svāgata (स्वागत) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Svāgata).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Svagata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

svāgata : (adj.) welcome; learnt by heart.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Svāgata, (su+āgata) 1. welcome Vin. II, 11; Th. 2, 337; ThA. 236.—2. learnt by heart Vin. II, 95, 249; A. IV, 140 (pātimokkhāni). See sāgata. (Page 727)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svāgata (स्वागत).—n (S su & āgata Well and come.) Welcoming, welcome, courteous reception of a visitor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svāgata (स्वागत).—n Welcome, courteous reception of a visitor.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svāgata (स्वागत).—[sukhena āgataṃ suṣṭhu āgataṃ vā] Welcome, happy arrival (used chiefly in greeting a person who is put in the dative case); स्वागतं देव्यै (svāgataṃ devyai) M.1; (tasmai) प्रीतः प्रीति- प्रमुखवचनं स्वागतं व्याजहार (prītaḥ prīti- pramukhavacanaṃ svāgataṃ vyājahāra) Me.4; स्वागतं स्वानधीकारान् प्रभावै- रवलम्ब्य वः । युगपद् युगबाहुभ्यः प्राप्तेभ्यः प्राज्यविक्रमाः (svāgataṃ svānadhīkārān prabhāvai- ravalambya vaḥ | yugapad yugabāhubhyaḥ prāptebhyaḥ prājyavikramāḥ) Ku.2. 18. -a.

1) Welcome.

2) Lawfully earned (as money); श्रद्धाकृते ह्यक्षये ते भवतः स्वागतैर्घनैः (śraddhākṛte hyakṣaye te bhavataḥ svāgatairghanaiḥ) Ms.4.226.

Derivable forms: svāgatam (स्वागतम्).

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Svāgata (स्वागत).—see s. v.

Svāgata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and āgata (आगत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Svāgata (स्वागत).—(= Pali Sāgata), name of a disciple of the Bud-dha: Mahāvyutpatti 1067; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 207.4; Lalitavistara 2.3; Sukhāvatīvyūha 2.10; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.185.1 ff.; long account of him Divyāvadāna 169.22 ff., including several traits of the story of Pali Sāgata, e.g. his contest of magic with a nāga (Aśvatīrthika) 185.5 ff.; the Buddha's calling him foremost among experts in use of the fire- element (tejodhātu), 186.12, 19 ff.; and his falling a victim to intoxication, 190.4 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svagata (स्वगत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Kept to one’s self, apart, asiden.

(-taṃ) Aside, (in theatrical language.) E. sva self, gata gone, got.

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Svāgata (स्वागत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. Welcome, salutation. 2. Happy arrival; (in greeting this word is generally used with the dative of the person greeted.) f.

(-tā) A species of the Trishtubh metre. E. su well, and āgata come.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svagata (स्वगत).—[adjective] relating or belonging to one’s self; [neuter] [adverb] apart, aside.

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Svāgata (स्वागत).—[adjective] welcome (also lit. well come i.e. well acquired); [neuter] welcome, salutation, tī kṛ make into a welcome.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svagata (स्वगत):—[=sva-gata] [from sva] a mfn. belonging to o°’s self, own, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Vedāntasāra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] passing in o°’s own mind, spoken to o°’s self, apart, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Svāgata (स्वागत):—[from sva] a mfn. (for sv-āg See p.1283) come of o°’s self, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) Svagata (स्वगत):—[=sva-gata] b sva-guṇa etc. See p. 1275, col. 2.

5) Svāgata (स्वागत):—[=sv-āgata] b mfn. (for svāgata See p. 1277, col. 2) well come, welcome, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] lawfully-earned (as money), [Manu-smṛti iv, 226]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Buddha, [Lalita-vistara]

8) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of another man, [Buddhist literature]

10) Svāgatā (स्वागता):—[=sv-āgatā] [from sv-āgata] f. a kind of metre, [Śrutabodha]

11) Svāgata (स्वागत):—[=sv-āgata] n. welcome, greeting, salutation (svāgataṃ te with or without astu, ‘I wish you welcome’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] welfare, health (See next).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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