Svadhinabhartrika, Svādhīnabhartṛkā, Svadhina-bhartrika: 3 definitions


Svadhinabhartrika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Svādhīnabhartṛkā can be transliterated into English as Svadhinabhartrka or Svadhinabhartrika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Svadhinabhartrika in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Natya Shastra

Svādhīnabhartṛkā (स्वाधीनभर्तृका) refers to “one having her husband in subjection” and represents a type of mistress (nāyikā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The different nāyikās, or ‘heroines’ of dramatic plays (nāṭaka) are defined according to the rules of king’s etiquette to women.

Accordingly, “a woman whose husband captivated by her pleasing qualities as well as by intense pleasure of love (surata) from her, stays by her side, is a heroine (nāyikā) having the husband in subjection (svādhīnabhartṛkā)”.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Svādhīnabhartṛkā (स्वाधीनभर्तृका) refers to a “[heroine] who has her husband under her control” and represents one of the “eight heroines” (aṣṭanāyikā) in a dramatic representation, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24 and the Abhinaya-sāra-saṃputa chapter 2.—The aṣṭanāyikās (eight heroines) who are separately described in eight ways according to their different emotional states or moods towards the hero. Chapter 24 of the Nāṭyaśāstra and chapter II of Abhinaya-sara-samputa speak of these aṣṭanāyikās [viz., Svādhīnabhartṛkā] in detail.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svadhinabhartrika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādhīnabhartṛkā (स्वाधीनभर्तृका):—[=svādhīna-bhartṛkā] [from svādhīna > sva] f. a woman whose husband is under her own control. ([Sāhitya-darpaṇa])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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