Svadu, Svādu: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Svadu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swadu.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Svādu (स्वादु) refers to one of the five types of “curds” (dadhi) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—In dadhi-prakaraṇa, author classifies the curds into five types [viz., Svādu] depending on their stages of fermentaion as well as taste.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Svādu (स्वादु) refers to “sweet”, as mentioned in verse 5.19 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] coconut water (is) unctuous, sweet [viz., svādu], viriligenic, cooling, light, eliminatire of thirst, choler, and wind, promotive of digestion, (and) purgative of the bladder”.

Note: Svādu (“sweet”) has been turned ro mṅar (“sweet in taste”).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svādu (स्वादु) refers to “sweet (juices)” (suitable for a marriage ceremony)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Then he began collecting foodstuffs and other requisite articles intended for the performance of the marriage. [...] Tanks were built for butter, spirituous beverages, sweet juices (svādu-rasa) of various kinds and rice preparations of various sorts. Different kinds of pickles and side dishes were prepared that might appeal to Śiva’s Gaṇas and the gods. Different kinds of valuable garments purified in fire were kept ready. Gems and jewels of different kinds, gold, silver and other articles were gathered duly. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Svādu (स्वादु) refers to “agreeable (tastes)”, according to Hemacandra’s Yogaśāstra (12.22-25): “Always sitting comfortably in an isolated, very clean and beautiful place, [the Yogin] whose whole body has become relaxed from the top of his crown to the tips of his feet, [so that] even [if he is] looking at a beautiful form [or] even hearing a voice, melodious and pleasing to the mind, even smelling lovely smells, even eating agreeable (svādu) tastes [bhuñjāno rasān svādūn], even touching soft things [or] even not restraining the activity of his mind, his detachment is upheld and his confusion over sense objects is destroyed forever more. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Svādu (स्वादु) refers to a “sweet (roar)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “An enemy's lopped head! Pouring poison in the mouth, a sweet loose roar (svādu-mukta-nādā), Raised left above the jaws, in the most beautiful way, a face fixed in anger”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svādu (स्वादु).—a S Sweet. 2 Agreeable to the palate, palatable, tasty.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svādu (स्वादु).—a Sweet, tasty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svādu (स्वादु).—a. [svad-uṇ] (-du or -dvī f.; compar. svādīyas, superl. svādiṣṭha)

1) Sweet, pleasant to the taste, sapid, savoury, dainty, tasteful; तृषा शुष्यत्यास्ये पिबति सलिलं स्वादु सुरभि (tṛṣā śuṣyatyāsye pibati salilaṃ svādu surabhi) Bhartṛhari 3.92; Meghadūta 24.

2) Pleasing, agreeable, attractive, lovely, charming. -m

1) Sweet flavour, sweetness of taste, relish.

2) Treacle, molasses. -n.

1) Sweetness, relish, taste; कविः करोति काव्यानि स्वादु जानाति पण्डितः (kaviḥ karoti kāvyāni svādu jānāti paṇḍitaḥ) Subhās.

2) Charm, beauty.

-duḥ f. A grape.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādu (स्वादु).—mfn. (-duḥ-duḥ or -dvī-du) 1. Sweet. 2. Agreeable, desired. 3. Handsome. 4. Grateful to the palate, dainty, delicate. m.

(-duḥ) 1. The sweet taste or flavour, sweetness. 2. Treacle, molasses. 3. A medicinal root and perfume commonly Jivaka. f.

(-dvī or -duḥ) A grape. E. ṣvad to taste or to be pleasing, uṇ Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādu (स्वादु).—[svād + u], I. adj., comparat. svādīyaṃs, superl. srādiṣṭha, 1. Grateful to the palate. 2. Sweet, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 88; svādiṣṭha, with abl. Sweeter, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 97. 3. Agreeable. 4. Handsome. Ii. du, adv. Sweetly. Iii. m. 1. Sweetness, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 25 (? n.). 2. Molasses. 3. A medicinal root. Iv. f. du, or dvī, A grape.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādu (स्वादु).—[feminine] dvī tasting good, savoury, sweet, sweeter than ([ablative]); [neuter] = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svādu (स्वादु):—[from svād] mf()n. sweet, savoury, palatable, dainty, delicate, pleasant to the taste, agreeable, chirming (also as [Comparative degree] ‘sweeter than etc.’, with [ablative]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. sweet flavour, sweetness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] sugar, molasses, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (= jīvaka, gandha-dhūma-ja etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] mf(u or ). = drākṣā, a grape, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] n. (u) sweet taste, sweetness, [Meghadūta]

7) [v.s. ...] m. pleasantness, charm, beauty, [Subhāṣitāvali]

8) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] ἡδύς; [Latin] suavis; Old [Saxon] swôti; [Anglo-Saxon] sweete; [English] sweet; [German] söss.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svādu (स्वादु):—[(duḥ-duḥ-dvī-du) a.] Sweet, agreeable; handsome. m. Sweetness; treacle; medicinal root. f. (dvī or du) A grape.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svādu (स्वादु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svadu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svādu (स्वादु) [Also spelled swadu]:—(a) see [svādiṣṭa; ~tā] tastefulness, deliciousness.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svādu (ಸ್ವಾದು):—

1) [adjective] good-tasting; savory; delicious, delectable.

2) [adjective] delightfull; lovable; appealing.

3) [adjective] beautiful; charming; lovely.

--- OR ---

Svādu (ಸ್ವಾದು):—

1) [noun] taste; palatableness; delicacy.

2) [noun] beauty; loveliness; charm.

3) [noun] grapes.

4) [noun] good and tasty food.

5) [noun] anything that is tasty or palatable.

6) [noun] a thick, usu. dark-brown syrup produced during the refining of sugar; molasses.

7) [noun] a particular perfume or fragrant substance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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