Agata, Āgata: 21 definitions


Agata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aagat.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āgata (आगत) refers to “arriving”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.20 (“The story of the submarine fire”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “[...] Taking that fire mare-like in form, at the will of Śiva, I, the lord of the worlds, went to the sea shore, for the benefit of the worlds. O sage, on seeing me arrived [i.e., āgata] there, the sea took a human form and approached me with palms joined in reverence. Bowing to and duly eulogising me, the grandfather of all the worlds, the ocean said lovingly”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Āgata (आगत) refers to “having arrived (from foreign lands)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “his ear-cavities were punched by those possessed by Piśāca-demons, who had run to him when struck by white mustard seed he had empowered with mantras more than once”; “he had used magic powders for snaring women many times on aging mendicant ladies, who having arrived (āgata) from other lands retired [there to rest]”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āgata (आगत) refers to “that what has comes”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should make an effort to seek a teacher who brings about eternal bliss and awakens (his disciples) to what is beneficial. (The true teacher is) is fortunate and pleasing to see. [...] Of steady intellect, he maintains right conduct and is well established in the Rules. He does not abandon what comes (āgata) to him and he does not cling to what has gone (gatvā) . [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Āgata (आगत) refers to the “coming (through the sky)”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, [while describing a haṭha-sādhana (foreceful practice)]: “[...] On the eighth day, the Sādhaka sees the shadow of Aghorī. Thus content, she gives [a boon, saying to the Sādhaka], ‘Good, my dear! Choose a boon: either lord of the earth, immortality, levitation, [entry into the] nether-worlds, coming and going through the sky (gagana-āgata-cāritva), invisibility, the elixir of mercury, the wish-fulfilling gem, the [magical] sword, the [seven-league] sandals or the [occult] eye collyrium’ [...]”

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Āgata (आगत) refers to “arriving (of the groom)” (at the threshold or door), according to Dadhirāma Marāsini’s 19th century Vivāhapaddhati (part of his Karmakāṇḍabhāskara) which is based on the Pāraskara-Gṛhyasūtra, a domestic manual in the Mādhyandina school of the Vājasaneyisaṃhitā.—If performed traditionally, high caste marriages among the Parbatiyas (Parbates/Paharis/Pahadis) or Indo-Nepalese people in Nepal are normally executed by following the course of events as presented in marriage manuals. One of such rites, (classified as “Rules for choosing the groom”) is the worship and choosing of the arriving groom at the threshold or door (dvāra-āgata-vara-pūjana-varaṇa), his solicitation and worship.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Āgata (आगत) refers to “coming together (in closer circles)” (employed as a hunting tactic), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting by means of artifice (kālyā) is of four kinds [...]. (c) Mahākālyā is that in which a large number of men encircle a forest and then coming (āgata) in closer circles [saṃkocamāgataiḥ] ultimately stop the flight of animals of various kinds and kill them by swords and other weapons indiscriminately in all possible ways. This can be ‘played’ by kings and noblemen only”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Agata (अगत) refers to the “comings” (of sentient beings), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “In the world of the gods, in the world of men and in the plant and animal world, and also in hell, there is not that womb, not that form, not that place, not that family, there is not that suffering, not any pleasure [and] not that mode wherein these sentient beings are not destroyed by [their] comings and goings [com.gatāgata] continually”.

Synonyms: Agamana, Ayāta, Saṃpāta.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āgata : ((pp. of āgacchati), nt.) coming.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Agata:—not gone to, not frequented: °ṃ disaṃ (of Nibbāna) Dh.323; purisantaraṃ °ṃ mātugāmaṃ “a maid who has not been with a man” J.I, 290.

2) Āgata, (pp. of āgacchati) (1) come, arrived Miln.18 (°kāraṇa the reason of his coming); VvA.78 (°ṭṭhāna); PvA.81 (kiṃ āgat’attha why have you come here) come by, got attained (°-) A.II, 110 = Pug.48 (°visa); Mhvs XIV. 28 (°phala = anāgānuphala) —āgatāgatā (pl.) people coming & going, passers by, all comers PvA.39, 78, 129; VvA.190 (Ep. of saṅgha). —svāgata “wel-come”, greeted, hailed; nt. welcome, hail Th.2, 337; Pv IV.315, opp. durāgata not liked, unwelcome, A.II, 117, 143, 153; III, 163; Th.2, 337. — (2) come down, handed down (by memory, said of texts) D.I, 88; DhA.II, 35; KhA 229; VvA.30; āgatāgamo, one to whom the āgama, or the āgamas, have been handed down, Vin.I, 127, 337; II 8; IV, 158; A.II, 147; Miln.19, 21. — (3) anāgata not come yet, i. e. future; usually in combn. with atīta (past) & paccuppanna (present): see atīta and anāgata. (Page 94)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

agāta (अगात) [or अगांत, agānta].—ad (agā or H) Early, rath--sown or ripening. Opp. to māgānta Late.

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agāta (अगात).—n ( H) The early grains.

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āgata (आगत).—p S Arrived, attained, reached, come.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

agāta (अगात).—ad Early–sown or ripening. n The early grains.

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āgata (आगत).—p Arrived, come.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āgata (आगत).—p. p.

1) Come, arrived; मम साधर्म्यमागताः (mama sādharmyamāgatāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 14.2.

2) Occurred, happened. विज्ञाप्यं तु ममैतद्धि यद्वदाम्या गतस्पृहः (vijñāpyaṃ tu mamaitaddhi yadvadāmyā gataspṛhaḥ) Rām.7.36.54; Manusmṛti 2.152.

3) Obtained, got; न्यायागतधनम् (nyāyāgatadhanam) Y.3.25; °साध्वस (sādhvasa) afraid; °क्षोभ (kṣobha) perplexed; अन्वय° (anvaya°) hereditary; °मन्यु (manyu) angry; °विस्मय (vismaya) surprised.

4) Reduced to, fallen into (a particular state); दासत्वम्, पञ्चत्वम्, संदेहम्, विस्मयम् (dāsatvam, pañcatvam, saṃdeham, vismayam) &c.

5) Living or residing in.

-tam 1 Coming, arrival; कथं नु खल्वद्य भवेत्सुगतम् (kathaṃ nu khalvadya bhavetsugatam) Rām. 5.41.8; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 9.21.

2) Occurrence, event.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgata (आगत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Arrived, come. 2. Received, obtained. 3. Living or residing in. E. āṅ before gam to go, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agata (अगत).—[adjective] not gone; [neuter] untrodden ground.

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Āgata (आगत).—[adjective] come, arrived ([accusative], [locative] or —°), returned (±punar), sprung or descended from ([ablative]), happened, occurred ([genetive]); fallen into, having met with ([accusative]). [masculine] guest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agata (अगत):—[=a-gata] mfn. not gone

2) [v.s. ...] n. not yet frequented, the dominion of death, [Atharva-veda]

3) Āgata (आगत):—[=ā-gata] [from ā-gam] mfn. come, arrived, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] come to or into ([accusative] [Manu-smṛti iii, 113, etc.] or [locative case] [Pañcatantra; Daśakumāra-carita] etc. or in [compound] [Manu-smṛti vi, 7; Raghuvaṃśa iii, 11, etc.])

5) [v.s. ...] come from (in [compound]), [Yājñavalkya ii, 154]

6) [v.s. ...] come into existence, born, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 85, 19]

7) [v.s. ...] coming from ([ablative]), [Pāṇini 4-3, 74]

8) [v.s. ...] returned, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] (with punar), [Manu-smṛti xi, 195 and; Hitopadeśa]

10) [v.s. ...] meeting with an obstacle, pushed against (in [compound]), [Manu-smṛti viii, 291]

11) [v.s. ...] occurred, happened, risen, [Manu-smṛti ii, 152; Mahābhārata] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] entered (into any state or condition of mind), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

13) [v.s. ...] resulting (from calculation), [Sūryasiddhānta]

14) [v.s. ...] walked through (as a path), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi]

15) [v.s. ...] m. a new comer, guest, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii]

16) [v.s. ...] n. anything that has taken place or has fallen to one’s share (opposed to āśā, ‘anything still expected or hoped for’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii] (cf. an-āgata and sv-āgata.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgata (आगत):—[ā-gata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Come, arrived at.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āgata (आगत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ahipaccuia, Āa, Āaa, Āgaya, Āya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āgata (आगत) [Also spelled aagat]:—(a) arrived, come; occurred, happened; -[svāgata] welcome (to a guest), warm/reception.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Agata (ಅಗತ):—[noun] = ಅಗತೆ [agate].

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Āgata (ಆಗತ):—

1) [adjective] arrived; reached.

2) [adjective] happened; befallen; occurred.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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