Svakiya, aka: Svakīya; 5 Definition(s)


Svakiya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Svakīya (स्वकीय) or Svīya refers to a “heroine of good character” and represents one of the three kinds of “heroines” (nāyikā) in a dramatic representation, according to the Abhinaya-sara-samputa, as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—In the depiction of any mood or sentiment, a dance performance or a dramatic representation takes the medium of the hero (nāyaka) and the heroine (nāyikā). The nāyikās (heroines) are generally classified into three types [viz., Svakīya].

The heroine is called svakīya when she possesses good character and is upright. She is again classified into three types:

  1. mugdha-nāyikā (tender, youthful, and young),
  2. madhya-nāyikā (an adolescent and partly experienced),
  3. pragalbha-nāyikā (very mature).

The mugdha, madhya and pragalbha-nāyikās are divided into three types depending on their relationship with the hero. They are: (1) jyeṣṭha (the older wife to the hero) and (2) kaniṣṭha (the younger wife to the hero).

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Svakiya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

svakīya (स्वकीय).—a (S) Own, proper, peculiar, belonging to self: also of one's own (family, kin &c.)

--- OR ---

svakīyā (स्वकीया).—f S One's own wife or mistress.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svakīya (स्वकीय).—a Own, proper; of one's own.

--- OR ---

svakīyā (स्वकीया).—f One's own wife or mistress.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svakīya (स्वकीय).—a.

1) One's own, own.

2) Of one's own family.

-yā One's own wife.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svakīya (स्वकीय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Of one’s own family. 2. Own in general, as property, &c. E. sva own, cha aff., and kuk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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