Shodashopacara, Ṣōḍaśōpacāra, Ṣoḍaśopacāra, Shodashan-upacara: 8 definitions

Introduction

Shodashopacara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣōḍaśōpacāra and Ṣoḍaśopacāra can be transliterated into English as Sodasopacara or Shodashopacara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shodashopachara.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shodashopacara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Ṣoḍaśopacāra (षोडशोपचार) refer to the performance of sixteen steps (upacāra) in ritual worship (pūjā), and are defined as follows: After Bali, Homa, Tāmbūla, the Ācārya entertains the Lord with the sounding of the pañcamahāśābda and offers darpaṇa (mirror), chattra (umbrella), cāmara (fly-whisk), geya (song), nṛtta (dance), japa (mantra chanting) and stotra (hymns). [...] [In Ṣoḍaṣa-Upacāra], the Ācārya entertains the Lord with the sounding of the pañcamahāśābda and offers darpaṇa (mirror), chattra (umbrella), cāmara (fly-whisk), geya (song), nṛtta (dance), japa (mantra chanting) and stotra (hymns).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of shodashopacara or sodasopacara in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shodashopacara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ṣoḍaśopacāra (षोडशोपचार) refers to the “sixteen means of service and homage”, which was previously performed by Hari while worshippeing Brahmā (due to trickery), according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.7. Note: The ṣoḍaśopacāra (sixteen acts of homage to a deity) are mentioned in Śiva-purāṇa II.25-29. They are differently enumerated elsewhere [...]. Tantrasāra enumerates 64 upacāras.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of shodashopacara or sodasopacara in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shodashopacara in Ganapatya glossary
Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Ṣoḍaśopacāra (षोडशोपचार).—Of the various types of pūjās, the one with sixteen (ṣoḍaśa) items or offerings (upacāra) is very common. This type of ritual consists of preliminary acts including rites for the purification of the devotee and the implements used in the pūjā, removal of obstacles and declaration (saṃkalpa) to perform the worship. Then a series of sixteen main services is offered, beginning with the invocation of the deity and so on. Each offering is accompanied by the recitation of a stanza from the Ṛgveda Puruṣasūkta. These Vedic mantras are the most important mantras used in the worship, though Purāṇic mantras are also employed.

Although the number of services is always counted as sixteen (ṣoḍaśopacāra), their kind and sequence varies from source to source. One such list is:

  1. invocation/welcome (āvāhana),
  2. seat (āsana),
  3. water for washing the feet (pādya),
  4. water for washing the hands (ācamanīya),
  5. bath (snāna),
  6. clothes: upper and lower garments (vastra),
  7. sacred thread (yajñopavīta),
  8. fragrant paste (gandha/candana),
  9. flowers, garlands offered with mantras (arcāna),
  10. incense (dhūpa),
  11. light/lamp (dīpa),
  12. food (naivedya),
  13. betal leaves and betal nuts (tāmbūla),
  14. prostration and circumambulation (namaskāra, pradakṣiṇā),
  15. offering flowers and mantras (mantrapuṣpāñjali).

After the image has been infused with life (pranapratistha),the above sixteen ways of service (or whatever the number one plans to perform) are performed. In this regards one should note the following points. The lamp (preferably an oil lamp), bell, cup, spoon, kuṃkuma/bhasma/turmeric/incense holder, and tray should all preferably be made out of silver. Copper is also acceptable, but the general rule is to use the finest and purest materials when making an offering to the Divine. The foods that are offered should be pure (sattva), that is, fruits, milk, and milk products, modakas, various leaves, betel nuts.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

Discover the meaning of shodashopacara or sodasopacara in the context of Ganapatya from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shodashopacara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṣōḍaśōpacāra (षोडशोपचार).—m (S) The performance of sixteen points in idol-worship; viz. āvāhana, āsana, pādya, ardhya, ācamana, snāna, vastra, yajñōpavīta, gandha, puṣpa, dhūpa, dīpa, naivēdya, dakṣiṇā, pradakṣiṇā, mantrapuṣpa. 2 The sixteen points performed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣōḍaśōpacāra (षोडशोपचार).—m The performance of 16 points in idol-worship.


context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of shodashopacara or sodasopacara in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shodashopacara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣoḍaśopacāra (षोडशोपचार).—m. pl. the sixteen ways of doing homage to a deity &c.; they are thus enumerated; आसनं स्वगतं पाद्यमर्ध्यमाचमनीयकम् । मधुपर्काचमस्नानं वसनाभरणानि च । गन्ध- पुष्पे धूपदीपौ नैवेद्यं वन्दनं तथा (āsanaṃ svagataṃ pādyamardhyamācamanīyakam | madhuparkācamasnānaṃ vasanābharaṇāni ca | gandha- puṣpe dhūpadīpau naivedyaṃ vandanaṃ tathā) ||

Ṣoḍaśopacāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣoḍaśan and upacāra (उपचार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣoḍaśopacāra (षोडशोपचार).—m. plu.

(-raḥ) The sixteen ways of doing homage; they are:—“āsanaṃ svāgataṃ pādyamarghamācamanīyakam . [phage742-a+ 60] madhuparkācamasnānaṃ vasanābharaṇāni ca . gandhapuṣpe dhūpadīpau naivedyaṃ vandanaṃ tathā ..”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣoḍaśopacāra (षोडशोपचार):—[from ṣoḍaśa > ṣaṣ] m. [plural] 16 acts of homage See, [Religious Thought and Life in India 414, 415.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of shodashopacara or sodasopacara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: