Snataka, Snātaka: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Snataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Snatak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Snātaka (स्नातक).—Eligible for Pārvaṇa śrāddha;1 feeding one such, better than many a mantrayajña in the śrāddha.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 63.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 9. 68; Matsya-purāṇa 16. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Snātaka (स्नातक) is a type of inhabitant (inmate) of the royal harem of a king, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34. Accordingly, “a snātaka with polished manners, should be made the warden of the gate (dvāstha). Old Brāhmins who are clever and free from sexual of passion, should always be employed by the king for various needs of queens”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Snātaka (स्नातक) refers to the “practice of bathing”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Listen, O god, I will explain the excellent vow of Knowledge. (The adept may have) matted hair, shaved head or topknot, he may have bathed (snātaka) or practice celibacy—in any condition, whether he abides in the (normal) course of practice (krama), or (the observance of this) vow, he is successful. (In any case), the external vow should be observed, that is, the concealment of Kaula practice. (This is true also) of the yogi who bears the Five Insignia (pañcamudrā), is covered in ashes and naked, or who wears rags (cīvara) and the bark of trees, or is adorned with all the ornaments, or who wears red clothes, or even one who wears whatever he pleases. The teaching of the scripture is that the vow is said to be in accord with the garment the best of adepts may assume”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Snātaka (स्नातक) refers to “one who is married” [?], according to the Mṛgendrāgama Caryāpāda verse 11.—Accordingly, “The lokadharmī Sādhaka, a Putraka who is a married householder (snātakaputrakaḥ snātako gṛhī), a Samayin and someone who was previously a householder [and had become a saṃnyāsin] are Śaivas without vratas”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Snātaka (स्नातक, “successful”).—One of the five types of ascetics (nirgrantha-muni);—What is meant by snātaka (‘successful’)? The omniscient, which has destroyed the four obscuring karmas completely are called ‘successful’.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snātaka (स्नातक).—

1) A Brāhmaṇa who has performed the ceremony of ablution which has to be performed on his finishing his first Āśrama (that of a Brahmachārin); राजस्नातकयोश्चैव स्नातको नृपमानभाक् (rājasnātakayoścaiva snātako nṛpamānabhāk) Manusmṛti 2.139.

2) A Brāhmaṇa just returned from the house of his preceptor and become an initiated householder (gṛhastha).

3) A Brāhmaṇa who is a Bhikṣu (beggar of alms) for any religious object; नवैतान् स्नातकान् विद्याद् ब्राह्मणान् धर्म- भिक्षुकान् (navaitān snātakān vidyād brāhmaṇān dharma- bhikṣukān) Manusmṛti 11.2.

4) Any man of the first three classes who is an initiated householder.

Derivable forms: snātakaḥ (स्नातकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snātaka (स्नातक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An initiated householder, a man of the three first classes, who having completed the term prescribed for his studies becomes a housekeeper: if at the end of this period, he has not acquired a knowledge of the Veda, he is called Vrata-snataka; if he has acquired that knowledge earlier, he is termed Vidyasnataka, and if he finishes his regular studies at the same time that the period of study expires, he is named Ubhaya-snataka. 2. A Brahmana who has performed the ceremony of ablution, required to be performed on his finishing his first Ashrama. 3. A Brahman who is a Bhikshu or beggar for any religious object. E. kan added to the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snātaka (स्नातक).—[snāta + ka] (vb. snā), m. A Brāhmaṇa just returned from the mansion of his preceptor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 138 (cf. snā); an initiated householder, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 71, 1; a Brāhmaṇa in his second āśrama (order of life), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 113; [Hitopadeśa] 123, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snātaka (स्नातक).—[masculine] a Brahman who has finished his religious studentship (lit. one who has performed his ablution).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snātaka (स्नातक):—[from snā] m. one who has bathed or performed ablutions (id est. a Brāhman who, after performing the ceremonial lustrations required on his finishing his studentship as a Brahma-cārin under a religious teacher, returns home and begins the second period of his life as a Gṛha-stha See samāvartana; three kinds of Snātakas are named, 1. a vidyā-sn q.v., 2. a vrata-sn [who has completed the vows, such as fasting, continence etc., without the Vedas], 3. a vidyā-vrata-sn or ubhaya-sn [who has completed both Vedas and vows], the last is the highest; in a wider sense there may be 9 Snātakas See, [Manu-smṛti xi, 1]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti iii, 4 etc.] ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 296]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snātaka (स्नातक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. An initiated house-holder.

[Sanskrit to German]

Snataka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Snataka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Snātaka (स्नातक) [Also spelled snatak]:—(nm) a graduate; bachelor (as [kalā-); ~kottara] postgraduate.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Snātaka (ಸ್ನಾತಕ):—

1) [noun] a student who has returned from his teacheṛs house after completion of his learning.

2) [noun] a man who is graduated from a university; (jain.) he who has destroyed all the effects of his previous deeds and has reached the stage of an absolute seeker of truth.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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