Meda, Medā: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Meda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Medā (मेदा):—Another name for Mahāmedā (Polygonatum verticillatum), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Medā (मेदा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Polygonatum Verticillatum Ali” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning medā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Medā (मेदा) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.22-24 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Notes: Also see Mahāmedā. Th. B.S. et al. report that the elongated tuberous roots of (i) Polygonatum verticillatum All. are sold in the market by the name of Medā/Mahāmedā, Uniyāl also proposes (ii) Polygonatum cirrhifolium Royle. and S.M. considers (iii) Orchis mascula Linn/ (Sālab-miśrī) or Orchis latifolia Linn. Muñjātaka.—[...] The tuber of Medā is of white colour and has a thick exudate-like medodhātu (liquid fat).

Medā is mentioned as having eighteen synonyms: Vasā, Maṇicchidrā, Jīvanī, Śalyaparṇikā, Nakhacchedyā, Himā, Raṅgā, Medasārā, Snehavatī, Medinī, Madhurā, Varā, Snigdhā, Medodravā, Sādhvī, Śalyadā, Bahurandhrikā and Puruṣadantikā.

Properties and characteristics: “Medā is sweet (madhura) and cooling (śīta). It alleviates pitta-doṣa, burning sensation, pain and cough. It is also indicated in tuberculosis and fevers. It aggravates vāta. [From synonym one = Medā (or Vasā?) through eight = Raṅgā (or Medasārā?) grows in central part of the country]”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Meda (मेद).—A serpent of the clan of Airāvata. This serpent was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 11, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Meda (मेद) is Pali for “fat” (Sanskrit Medas) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., meda]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

meda : (m.) the fat.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Meda, (Vedic medas (nt.) fr. mid, see etym. under mada) fat S. I, 124; Sn. 196; J. III, 484 (ajakaraṃ medaṃ=ajakara-medaṃ C.); Kh III, (explained at Vism. 262 as “thīnasineha” thick or coagulated fluid or gelatine); Vism. 361; VbhA. 66, 225, 245, 249.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mēḍa (मेड).—f (Usually mēḍha q. v.) mēḍakā m A stake, esp. as bifurcated.

--- OR ---

mēda (मेद).—m S Marrow (whether of the bones or flesh). 2 A root resembling ginger. It is one of the eight principal medicaments. See aṣṭadravyēṃ. 3 Corpulency or obesity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mēḍa (मेड).—f mēḍakā m A stake, esp. as bifurcated.

--- OR ---

mēda (मेद).—m Marrow. A kind of root. Obesity

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Meda (मेद).—

1) Fat.

2) A particular mixed tribe; cf. Ms. 1.36; Mb.13.22.22 (com. medā gomahiṣyādīnāṃ mṛtānāṃ māṃsamaśnantaḥ).

3) Name of a serpent-demon.

4) Name of a plant (alaṃbuṣā).

-dā A root resembling ginger (one of the eight principal medicines).

Derivable forms: medaḥ (मेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Meda (मेद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Adeps, fat, the supposed proper seat of which is the abdomen. 2. One of the outcast tribes. f.

(-dā) A drug, described as a sort of root resembling ginger, brought from the Morung district; it is one of the eight principal medicaments, and is said to be of cooling and emollient properties, and of particular use in fever and consumption. E. mida to be greasy or unctuous, aff. ghañ; also medas .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Meda (मेद).—m. 1. Adeps, fat. 2. The son of a Vaideha by a Kārāvara female, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Meda (मेद).—[masculine] = medas; a cert. mixed caste.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Meda (मेद):—[from med] 1. meda m. fat (= medas), [Rāmāyaṇa; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

2) [v.s. ...] a species of plant (= alambuṣā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mixed caste (the son of a Vaideha and a Kārāvara or a Niṣāda female [according to] to some ‘any person who lives by degrading occupations’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]

5) Medā (मेदा):—[from meda > med] f. a root resembling ginger (said to be one of the 8 principal medicines), [Suśruta]

6) Meda (मेद):—[from med] 2. meda in [compound] for medas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Meda (मेद):—(ña, ṛ) medati, te 1. c. To understand; to kill or injure.

2) (daḥ) 1. m. Adeps, fat; an outcast tribe. f. () A drug like ginger.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Meda (मेद):—gaṇa gaurādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 41.]

1) m. a) = medas Fett [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] medamāṃsāsthisaṃkulā [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 65.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 14, 25.] asthimedāmiṣa (asthimedomiṣa die neuere Ausg.; bei der ersten Lesart kann eine auch sonst vorkommende Contraction von medaā angenommen werden) [Harivaṃśa 13136.] medaccheda [Śākuntala 38, v. l.] wohl nur Druckfehler für medaścheda . — b) eine best. Pflanze, = alambuṣā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) eine best. Mischlingskaste [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 36.] medāndhracuñcumadgūnāmāraṇyapaśuhiṃsanam [48.] [Mahābhārata 13, 1552.] medā gomahiṣyādīnāṃ mṛtānāṃ māṃsamaśnantaḥ [Scholiast] [Colebrooke II, 184], wo medabhilla zu trennen ist; vgl. u. bhilla 1. medondhraḥ (als zwei Wörter medo ndhraḥ zu fassen) = varṇasaṃkarajātiviśeṣaḥ [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) Nomen proprium eines Schlangendämons [Mahābhārata 1, 2152.] —

2) f. ā eine dem Ingwer ähnliche Wurzel [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 588.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 196.] [Suśruta 1, 140, 8. 2, 101, 9. 206, 12. 220, 14. 223, 9. 418, 11.] —

3) f. ī gaṇa gaurādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 41.] — Vgl. arimeda, asi, go, daityamedaja, pūtimeda, mahāmeda, medā .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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