Meda, aka: Medā; 8 Definition(s)


Meda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Medā (मेदा):—Another name for Mahāmedā (Polygonatum verticillatum), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Meda (मेद).—A serpent of the clan of Airāvata. This serpent was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 11, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Meda (मेद) is Pali for “fat” (Sanskrit Medas) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., meda]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

meda : (m.) the fat.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Meda, (Vedic medas (nt.) fr. mid, see etym. under mada) fat S. I, 124; Sn. 196; J. III, 484 (ajakaraṃ medaṃ=ajakara-medaṃ C.); Kh III, (expld at Vism. 262 as “thīnasineha” thick or coagulated fluid or gelatine); Vism. 361; VbhA. 66, 225, 245, 249.

—kathālika a cooking pot or saucepan for frying fat A. IV, 377 (in simile with kāya); DhA. II, 179 (similar); Vism. 195 (in compar.). —gaṇṭhi (as medo-gaṇṭhi, Sk. influence!) an abscess of fat, fatty knot or tumour, mentioned as a disease at Miln. 149. —vaṇṇa fatcoloured; in cpd. °pāsāna a stone of the (golden) colour of fat found in the Himālaya mountains Sn. 447 (=medapiṇḍa-sadisa SnA 393); Mhvs 1, 39; 30, 57 sq. , 96; 31, 121; see Geiger’s note Mhvs (P. T. S. ed.) p. 355, who puts it beyond doubt, that meda° is the correct reading for the v. l. megha° at all places. (Page 541)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

mēḍa (मेड).—f (Usually mēḍha q. v.) mēḍakā m A stake, esp. as bifurcated.

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mēda (मेद).—m S Marrow (whether of the bones or flesh). 2 A root resembling ginger. It is one of the eight principal medicaments. See aṣṭadravyēṃ. 3 Corpulency or obesity.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mēḍa (मेड).—f mēḍakā m A stake, esp. as bifurcated.

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mēda (मेद).—m Marrow. A kind of root. Obesity

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Meda (मेद).—

1) Fat.

2) A particular mixed tribe; cf. Ms. 1.36; Mb.13.22.22 (com. medā gomahiṣyādīnāṃ mṛtānāṃ māṃsamaśnantaḥ).

3) Name of a serpent-demon.

4) Name of a plant (alaṃbuṣā).

-dā A root resembling ginger (one of the eight principal medicines).

Derivable forms: medaḥ (मेदः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Gomeda (गोमेद).—a gem brought from the Himālaya and Indus, described as of four different colou...
Mahāmeda (महामेद).—the coral tree; महामेदाभिधो ज्ञेयः (mahāmedābhidho jñeyaḥ) Bhāva. P. Derivab...
Arimeda (अरिमेद).—Name of a tree (viṭkhadira; Mar. śeṇyā kharai); Name of a country; Bṛ. S. 14....
Medabhilla (मेदभिल्ल).—Name of a degraded tribe.Derivable forms: medabhillaḥ (मेदभिल्लः).Medabh...
Medakṣaya (मेदक्षय, “meda deficiency”).—The Sanskrit name for one of the eighteen type...
Asimeda (असिमेद).—[asiriva tīkṣṇo medo niryāso yasya] the fetid Khadira. (viṭkhadira; Mar. śeṇy...
Medaja (मेदज).—a species of bdellium. Derivable forms: medajam (मेदजम्).Medaja is a Sanskrit co...
Medakṛt (मेदकृत्).—n. the flesh. Medakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms meda an...
Medāgni (मेदाग्नि, “fat-fire”):—One of the seven tissue fires (Dhatvagni).—A San...
Medadhātu (मेदधातु, “adipose” or “fat tissue”).—One of the seven fundamental tissues (...
Dhātu (धातु) refers to “minerals”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu ...
Nīla (नील) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as menti...
Megha (मेघ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as ment...
Kāsī is one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India,...
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