Shrikanta, Śrīkānta, Śrīkāntā, Shri-kanta: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shrikanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śrīkānta and Śrīkāntā can be transliterated into English as Srikanta or Shrikanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Beautiful Lord"

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

2) Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त) also refers to a type of pillar (stambha). Its description is found in texts such as Kāmikāgama (verses 53.27-29).

3) Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त) alo refers to a category of gopura, which is the “tower” built above the gateway of a house, palace or Buddhist monastery.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त).—A type of adhiṣṭhāna (‘pedestal’);—This type of adhiṣṭhāna is mentioned in Mānasāra (verse 14.180), Mayamata (verses 14.32) and Kāśyapaśilpa (verses 6.60-61). Mānasāra states that the major mouldings of the plinth are upāna, jagati, paṭṭikā, padma, kumuda and gala. These are interspersed by good number of minor mouldings. According to Mayamata, this adhiṣṭhāna is suitable only for the “denizens of the sky”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त) refers to a variety of adhiṣṭhāna, which is a pedestal or base of a structure, and a very important component in the art of construction (śilpa). Śrīkānta is mentioned in the Mānasāra (chapter 14), the Mayamata and the Kāśyapaśilpa. Śrīkānta is classified under its parent group named pratibandha, according to the Kāśyapaśilpa.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shrikanta in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śrīkāntā (श्रीकान्ता) is the wife of Marudeva, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Śvetāmbara sources, while Digambara names his wife as Satyā. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers and their wifes (e.g., Śrīkāntā) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Śrīkāntā (श्रीकान्ता) or Śrīdevī is the father of Kunthanātha: the seventeenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Kunthanātha’s parent’s names, as may be gathered from the Jaina Purāṇas, are variously called Śūrasena, Sūrya, Śivarāja (Śvetāmbara version) for the father, Śrīkāntā or Śrīdevī for the mother. His father belonged to the Kuru race, and Hastināpura as his capital, where the Jina was born. He, like his predecessor, became an emperor.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Śrīkāntā (श्रीकान्ता) is the daughter of Prasenajit and Cakṣuḥkāntā, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] then toward the end of the time (i.e. her life) Cakṣuḥkāntā [by Prasenajit] bore twins, a boy and girl, whose lives were somewhat shorter. They were five hundred and fifty bows tall, and together increased in size like a tree and its shadow. The son became known among the people by the name Marudeva and the daughter by the name Śrīkāntā. Marudeva, gold-color, with his wife, who was the color of the priyaṅgu, had the beautiful appearance of Mt. Kanaka (Meru) with a row of trees in Nandana.

2) Śrīkāntā (श्रीकान्ता) is the daughter of king Bala of Kauśāmbī, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, “[...] At that time the King of Kauśāmbī, Bala by name, very powerful, sent his daughter, Śrīkāntā, daughter of Queen Śrīmatī, a beautiful young woman, in great style at her choosing of Induṣeṇa, son of Śrīṣeṇa. Induṣeṇa and Binduṣeṇa noticed an extremely beautiful courtesan, Anantamatikā, who had come in attendance on her. Saying, “She is mine,” “She is mine,” angered, they both went to the garden Devaramaṇa. There the two, armed, powerful, fought like untamed bulls, because of the desire to enjoy the peerless beauty”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrikanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त).—an epithet of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: śrīkāntaḥ (श्रीकान्तः).

Śrīkānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and kānta (कान्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) Vishnu. E. śrī the goddess, and kānta husband.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—guru of Harinātha (Rāmavilāsa). Oxf. 132^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त):—[=śrī-kānta] [from śrī] m. ‘beloved by Śrī’, Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] (with miśra) Name of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त):—[śrī-kānta] (ntaḥ) 1. m. Vishnu.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śrīkānta (श्रीकान्त):—m.

1) der Geliebte der Śrī d. i. Viṣṇu [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Oxforder Handschriften 132], b, [6. 8.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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