Shrikhanda, Śrīkhaṇḍa, Shri-khanda, Shrikhamda: 16 definitions


Shrikhanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrīkhaṇḍa can be transliterated into English as Srikhanda or Shrikhanda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shrikhanda in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड) is another name (synonym) for Candana, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Santalum album (Indian sandalwood). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.6-8), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shrikhanda in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड).—A name for camphor.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 284. 9.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड) refers to a type of pillar (stambha). Its description is found in texts such as the Mayamata 15.26 and the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (verses 31.30-31).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Shrikhanda (or, Śrīkhaṇḍa) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Shrinagara (or, Śrīnagara). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Shrikhanda), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Shrikhanda) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (e.g., Shrikhanda) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (e.g., Shrinagara), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड), son of Bājīrāya, wrote a commentary (ṭīkā) on the Chandaḥsāra: a work ascribed to Cintāmaṇi (19th century), son of Jīva, and the chief court astrologer in the princely state of Kohlāpur (now in Mahārāṣṭra). In the Chandaḥsāra, Cintāmaṇi meditates the feet of Lord Gaṇeśa in his mind and remembers his preceptors through in the invocatory verse of the work addressing a lady, where he says that he expands the work; which meant for children. Śrīkhaṇḍa says that Lord Gaṇeśa is the prime deity (kuladaivata) of Sāhuji in his commentary on the first verse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śrīkhaṇḍa.—(LP), also spelt śrīṣaṇḍa; sandal wood. Note: śrīkhaṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Shrikhanda in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Shri-khanda in Tibetan is the name of a plant defined with Calotropis gigantea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Streptocaulon cochinchinense G. Don (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1837)
· Contraception. (2007)
· Ethnobotany (2004)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Hortus Kewensis (1811)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Shri-khanda, for example side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrikhanda in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखंड).—n A dish,--sugar, saffron, and spice mixed up in curds. 2 S Sandalwood. 3 A preparation of Bhang with sugar.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखंड).—n A particular dish; sandalwood.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrikhanda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड).—mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) Sandal-wood. E. śrī fortune, and khaṇḍa part.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड).—m. and n. sandal wood.

Śrīkhaṇḍa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and khaṇḍa (खण्ड).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड).—[substantive] sandal-wood or the sandal-tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड):—[=śrī-khaṇḍa] [from śrī] m. or n. (?) the sandal-tree, sandal, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śrīkhaṇḍa (श्रीखण्ड):—[śrī-khaṇḍa] (ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) 1. m. n. Sandal wood.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shrikhanda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrikhanda in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śṛkhaṃḍa (ಶೃಖಂಡ):—[noun] the tree santalum album ( = Sirium myrtifolium) of Santalaceae family with sweet-smelling heartwood; sandalwood.

--- OR ---

Śrīkhaṃḍa (ಶ್ರೀಖಂಡ):—[noun] = ಶ್ರೀಗಂಧ - [shrigamdha -] 1 & 3.

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Śrīkhaṃḍa (ಶ್ರೀಖಂಡ):—[noun] a sweet dish made using curds, sugar, saffron powder, cardamom, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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