Shatru, Śatru: 10 definitions
Shatru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śatru can be transliterated into English as Satru or Shatru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Śatru (शत्रु) refers to the “foe”, as in, a hostile sovereign. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Śatru (शत्रु) refers to an “enemy”, and is mentioned in verse 2.27 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “One shall not proclaim somebody (to be) one’s enemy [viz., Śatru] nor oneself (to be) somebody’s foe nor contempt nor (one’s) master’s ungraciousness”.
Note: Śatru (“enemy”) and Ripu (“foe”) have both been rendered by dgra (“enemy”), without regard to the stylistic variation in the original Sanskrit.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Śatru (शत्रु) denotes ‘enemy’ in the Rigveda and later
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śatru (शत्रु).—m (S) An enemy, adversary, foe. Ex. of comp. pittaśatru, kaphaśatru, vātaśatru, ghṛtaśatru, dugdhaśatru, buddhiśatru, jñānaśatru, ātmaśatru.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
śatru (शत्रु).—m An enemy, foe, adversary.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śatru (शत्रु).—[śad-trun Uṇ.4.13]
1) An overthrower, a destroyer, conqueror.
2) An enemy, a foe, an adversary; क्षमा शत्रौ च मित्रे च यतीनामेव भुषणम् (kṣamā śatrau ca mitre ca yatīnāmeva bhuṣaṇam) Subhāṣ; ऋणकर्ता पिता शत्रुर्माता च व्यभिचारिणी । भार्या रूपवती शत्रुः पुत्रः शत्रुरपण्डितः (ṛṇakartā pitā śatrurmātā ca vyabhicāriṇī | bhāryā rūpavatī śatruḥ putraḥ śatrurapaṇḍitaḥ) || Subhāṣ.
3) A political rival, a rival neighbouring king.
Derivable forms: śatruḥ (शत्रुः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-truḥ) 1. An enemy, a foe, an adversary. 2. A destroyer. 3. A political enemy, a neighbouring prince as being one with whom disputes are likely to occur. E. śad to go, Unadi aff. trun .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śatru (शत्रु).— (rather śattru śattru, i. e. probably śad or śat, for śātaya, [Causal.] of śad, + tru, cf. [Gothic.] hats; [Anglo-Saxon.] hate, héte; perhaps [Latin] hod in odisse, hestis, and below), m. An enemy, a foe, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 131.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śatru (शत्रु).—[masculine] rival, adversary, enemy, [especially] the immediate neighbour of a prince as his natural enemy.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śatru (शत्रु):—m. (said to be for śat-tru, [from] √2. śad), ‘overthrower’, an enemy, foe, rival, a hostile king ([especially] a neighbouring king as a natural enemy), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) the 6th astrological mansion,[Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]
3) Asparagus Racemosus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Name of an Asura, [Mahābhārata i, 2543] (perhaps krodha-śatru as one word).
5) cf. [Greek], κότος, κοτέω; [German] Hader, Hass, hassen; [English] hate.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+61): Shatrubadhaka, Shatrubadhana, Shatrubala, Shatrubha, Shatrubhanga, Shatrubhata, Shatruccatanakriya, Shatrudamana, Shatrugha, Shatrughata, Shatrughatin, Shatrughna, Shatrughna sharman, Shatrughnajanani, Shatrughni, Shatrugriha, Shatruha, Shatruhan, Shatruhantri, Shatruhatya.
Ends with (+51): Abhishatru, Abhutashatru, Ajatasatru, Aksharashatru, Amararajashatru, Anangashatru, Andhakashatru, Apatyashatru, Areshatru, Arkashashishatru, Ashatru, Ashvashatru, Bahishatru, Bahushatru, Bhujamgashatru, Chagashatru, Dandashatru, Dattashatru, Devashatru, Dipashatru.
Full-text (+156): Shatruta, Shatrusaha, Shatrughnajanani, Bahushatru, Shatrunikaya, Shatrunibarhana, Shatrunilaya, Shatruhan, Shatrughata, Shatrupaksha, Surashatru, Vritrashatru, Shatrughna, Shatrusevin, Abhutashatru, Shulashatru, Krimishatru, Devashatru, Jitashatru, Shatrava.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Shatru, Śatru, Satru; (plurals include: Shatrus, Śatrus, Satrus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Taittiriya Upanishad (by A. Mahadeva Sastri)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.5.26 < [Part 5 - Anger (raudra-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.156 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 4.9.42 < [Part 9 - Incomplete Expression of Mellows (rasābhāsa)]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 10 - Agreement of Peace for the Acquisition of Land < [Book 7 - The End of the Six-fold Policy]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)