Shatru, Śatru: 10 definitions

Introduction

Shatru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatru can be transliterated into English as Satru or Shatru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Śatru (शत्रु) refers to the “foe”, as in, a hostile sovereign. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śatru (शत्रु) refers to an “enemy”, and is mentioned in verse 2.27 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “One shall not proclaim somebody (to be) one’s enemy [viz., Śatru] nor oneself (to be) somebody’s foe nor contempt nor (one’s) master’s ungraciousness”.

Note: Śatru (“enemy”) and Ripu (“foe”) have both been rendered by dgra (“enemy”), without regard to the stylistic variation in the original Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śatru (शत्रु) denotes ‘enemy’ in the Rigveda and later

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śatru (शत्रु).—m (S) An enemy, adversary, foe. Ex. of comp. pittaśatru, kaphaśatru, vātaśatru, ghṛtaśatru, dugdhaśatru, buddhiśatru, jñānaśatru, ātmaśatru.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śatru (शत्रु).—m An enemy, foe, adversary.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatru (शत्रु).—[śad-trun Uṇ.4.13]

1) An overthrower, a destroyer, conqueror.

2) An enemy, a foe, an adversary; क्षमा शत्रौ च मित्रे च यतीनामेव भुषणम् (kṣamā śatrau ca mitre ca yatīnāmeva bhuṣaṇam) Subhāṣ; ऋणकर्ता पिता शत्रुर्माता च व्यभिचारिणी । भार्या रूपवती शत्रुः पुत्रः शत्रुरपण्डितः (ṛṇakartā pitā śatrurmātā ca vyabhicāriṇī | bhāryā rūpavatī śatruḥ putraḥ śatrurapaṇḍitaḥ) || Subhāṣ.

3) A political rival, a rival neighbouring king.

Derivable forms: śatruḥ (शत्रुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatru (शत्रु).—m.

(-truḥ) 1. An enemy, a foe, an adversary. 2. A destroyer. 3. A political enemy, a neighbouring prince as being one with whom disputes are likely to occur. E. śad to go, Unadi aff. trun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatru (शत्रु).— (rather śattru śattru, i. e. probably śad or śat, for śātaya, [Causal.] of śad, + tru, cf. [Gothic.] hats; [Anglo-Saxon.] hate, héte; perhaps [Latin] hod in odisse, hestis, and below), m. An enemy, a foe, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 131.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatru (शत्रु).—[masculine] rival, adversary, enemy, [especially] the immediate neighbour of a prince as his natural enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatru (शत्रु):—m. (said to be for śat-tru, [from] √2. śad), ‘overthrower’, an enemy, foe, rival, a hostile king ([especially] a neighbouring king as a natural enemy), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) the 6th astrological mansion,[Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

3) Asparagus Racemosus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Name of an Asura, [Mahābhārata i, 2543] (perhaps krodha-śatru as one word).

5) cf. [Greek], κότος, κοτέω; [German] Hader, Hass, hassen; [English] hate.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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