Jitashatru, Jitaśatru, Jita-shatru: 10 definitions
Jitashatru means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Jitaśatru can be transliterated into English as Jitasatru or Jitashatru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.
Jitaśatru is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु) is the father of Ajita, the second of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.
The wife of Jitaśatru is is Vijayā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु) is the name of an ancient king from Vinītā, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly: “In this city (i.e., Vinītā), Jitaśatru was king, like a broad umbrella of the Ikṣvāku-family warding off heat (pain) from all. His virtues, bravery, etc., gained a lord in his very brilliant glory, like the constellations having a lord in the moon. [...] While he was ruling the earth, kings constantly bore his command on their heads like diadems. He took choice treasures from the earth and distributed them for the benefit of all the people, like a cloud giving rain. He thought constantly in accord with dharma, he spoke in accord with dharma, he acted in accord with dharma. Everything on his part was based on dharma”.
2) Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु) is the name of an ancient king from Kāmpīlya, according to chapter 6.6 [śrī-mallinātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Now Abhicandra’s jīva fell from Vaijayanta and became King Jitaśatru in Kāmpīlya. He had a thousand wives, of whom Dhāriṇī was first, like a band of Apsarases drawn from heaven by merit. Now a clever mendicant nun, Cokṣā, came to Mithilā and told in the houses of kings and lords: ‘Dharma always has a root in liberality, also arises from sprinkling with the waters of sacred places, and is the source of heaven and emancipation. Our words to this effect are true.’ [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु).—a. victorious.
Jitaśatru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jita and śatru (शत्रु).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु).—name of a former Buddha: Lalitavistara 5.15 (confirmed Tibetan); follows Lokābhilāṣita, precedes Saṃpūjita; Mahāvastu i.136.16, follows Lokābhilāṣita, precedes Supūjita.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु).—mfn. (-truḥ-truḥ-tru) Victorious, triumphant. m.
(-truḥ) The father Ajita, the 2nd Jaina saint. E. jita, and śatru a foe: see other similar compounds, jitāmitra, jitāri, &c. jitaḥ śatruḥ yena .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु):—[=jita-śatru] [from jita > ji] m. ‘= tāmitra’, Name of a Buddha, [Lalita-vistara i, 77]
2) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Jaina literature] (e.g. [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan iii, 45; xiii, 181])
3) [v.s. ...] of the father of the Arhat A-jita, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु):—[jita-śatru] (truḥ) 2. m. The father of Ajita. a. Victorious.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+10): Ajita, Supujita, Sampujita, Lokabhilashita, Lohargala, Kartika, Bhrigukaccha, Sumitravijaya, Shankhanada, Sahasramra, Ajitanatha, Kakandi, Manibhadra, Sarvarthasiddha, Amaracala, Caturvritti, Coksha, Shakti, Ashvavabodha, Shravasti.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Jitashatru, Jita-śatru, Jita-satru, Jita-shatru, Jitaśatru, Jitasatru; (plurals include: Jitashatrus, śatrus, satrus, shatrus, Jitaśatrus, Jitasatrus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 1: King Jitaśatru and Queen Vijayā < [Chapter II - Birth of Ajita and Sagara]
Part 33: Story of the three-footed buffalo < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 5: Initiation of Jitaśatru < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)